Newspaper Stories 1880-1884 - Hartley-Kent: The Website for Hartley

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Newspaper Stories 1880-1884

1880-Feb-02 Middle Farm Stock Sale Dartford Chronicle
Sale of George Best's farm implements - see printout

1880-Mar-20 Longfield Station East Kent Gazette
Timetable: Trains from Victoria with time at Longfield in brackets: Mon-Sat 8.55 (10.09), 11.55 (13.00), 13.20 (14.26), 16.30 (17.34), 17.15 (18.10), 18.26 (19.19), 21.25 (22.35), Sun 9.00 (9.57), 10.25 (11.37), 15.00 (16.12),18.25 (19.23), 21.15 (22.30).

Trains from Longfield to Victoria with time at Victoria in brackets: Mon-Sat 8.03 (9.23), 8.46 (9.55), 10.45 (11.50), 15.10 (16.19), 18.10 (19.13), 18.51 (19.50), 22.04 (23.25), Sun 8.39 (9.54), 11.25 (12.45), 18.34 (19.55), 21.38 (23.00).

Not very many changes from 1877 timetable with the exception of some afternoon trains retimed.

1880-Mar-27 Longfield Tip - Bad Debts South London Press
"Newington Vestry - The Depot and Bad Debts - A discussion ensued with reference to a tatement which had gone abroad that the depot committee had incurred bad debts.

Mr Whitford said he was pleased to state that the loss sustained was only 1¼% of the total sales.

Mr Hart, as chairman of the Depot Committee, was much gratified at the bad debts being so small.  He had received a letter from the clerk containing all the details, and he should be happy to let Mr Side see if if he wished.  He contended that the establishment of the depot was one of the best things which had happened for the parish, inasmuch as it had been the means of saving Newington an immense amount of money in the course of hte year.

The following letter from the clerk (Mr L J Dunham) was then read: Dear Sir - Some doubts having arisen upon the question of bad debts made upon the sal eof refuse from the depot.  I have gone into the matter, and find that since the opening of the depot on the 28th July 1873, the committee have sent away 201,340 tons of ashes and mixture, and this quanitity has been sold at £29,585 5s 1d.  Of this sum only £2,806 3s 1d was due at Christmas, since which date i have received £1,403 18s 7d, leaving only a balance therefore of £1,402 4s 6d due on all consignments made to 31st December 1879.  Since the opening of the sidings, the sum of £214 2s 11d has been allowed as rebate off accounts, and from the balance of £1,402 4s 6d now owing the vestry only £120 14s 6d can be put down as bad or doubtful, aso that by taking the two items of £214 2s 11d and £120 14s 6d, only £334 17s 5d can be deducted from the sum of £29,585 5s 1d as the amount lost which is less than 1½% of the total sales."

[This report is interesting chiefly for details of the sheer volume of manure and ashes sent from Newington to Longfield.]

1880-Mar-27 Local News in Brief Dartford Chronicle
(1) Tenant farmers meeting at Dartford -150 present, paper notes Col Evelyn of Hartley; (2) List of Conservative supporters includes Rev W W Allen of Hartley

1880-Apr-10 Sale of Longfield Court Gravesend Reporter
"A charming residential property, within 5 minutes walk of Fawkham Station, on the London, Chatham and Dover Railway, and 5 miles from Dartford and Gravesend, situate in a healthy district, and within the meets of several packs of hounds, comprising a family residence in perfect order, with excellent modern stabling, pleasure grounds, gardens, small farmery, and 21 acres of first rate meadow land, offering a rare opportunity to hunting men and gentlemen engaged in the city.

Mr john Lees is instructed by the executors of the late NJ Collier esq to sell by auction at the Mart, London on Thursday, April 22nd at 12 for 1 o'clock the above desirable leasehold property, to hold for an unexpired term of 10 years at a low rent..."

1880-Apr-24 Hartley Roads Dartford Chronicle
T Gambrill, waywarden for Hartley; Rev W W Allen, guardian

1880-May-08 Pennis House, Fawkham Dartford Chronicle
Wll of Josiah Rolls, formerly of Pennis, Fawkham. Leaves property to 2 sons and daughters Mrs Clara Louisa Swaisland, Mrs Eliza Bremridge

1880-Jul-17 Hartley Roads Dartford Chronicle
Highways Board. Tender of J Ray accepted for surface picked flints at 2s per yard and 1 s for recarting at Hartley

1880-Aug-07 Sale of Wood at Hartley Manor Dartford Chronicle
"Mr Wm Hodsoll is instructed by Col Evelyn to sell by auction at the Railway Tavern, Fawkham Station, on Friday August 18th 1880 at 2 for 3pm.  In convenient lots, 90 capital oak timber trees and 8 oak tellers, all recently felled and lying in Hartley Wood, close to a good road, also 18¾ stacks of oak cordwood, 1,500 oak top fagots and 1,124 coppice bavins.  Mr Wilson, the bailiff of Hartley Court, will show the lots, of whom catalogues may be had; also at the place of sale, and of the auctioneer, Farningham, Kent."

1880-Aug-20 Harvest Nottinghamshire Guardian
Hop Prospects - at Ash, Hartley, Mersted, Gravesend and Meopham, the planters expect a capital lot of hops.

1880-Sep-18 Theft at Ash Chronicle
Albert Glover of Ash is witness in case of Joseph Watson - convicted of theft at Ash

1880-Oct-23 Longfield Tip - Farmers' Dinner South London Press
"The Newington Dinner - The Depot Committee of Newington has had its annual junketing.  The diners, from all that has transpired, appear to have been perfectly satisfied, and the non-diners perfectly miserable.  The little bill has been presented, disputed and no doubt paid; and so, for at least 12 months, we have probably heard the last of this new phase of parochial activity.  It may not be uninteresting, however, now the opportunity is afforded us, if we call the reader's attention to this new departure in matters parochial.  Not that a dinner is a new parochial departure - far from it!  It is notorious htt parochial accounts can no more be audited without wine than a pauper buried without beer.  A Survey ommittee would be altogether unable to decide how many lamps shoudl be put up in a given street without the proverbial stimulant of a 'parochial drop'; and the registration of voters would be but imperfectly carried out without the customary winding up.  All this is known to the world, and written, perhaps in letters of gold, in every parochal record.  But to Newington belongs the honour of having discovered a new and irresistible claim to distinction; for if it has not actually invented a new joint, it has furnished vestrydom with another opportunity for dining.  This achievement, however laudable, is not likely to remain particularly Newingtonian, and so before long we shall see Dust Depots established in every parish.  They may possibly not be required, and may perhaps be worked at a loss; but these are small matters.  In future every parish which hungers after feasting - and what metropolitan parish does not? - will look to the Depot for a dinner as much as Charles Lamb's Chinaman did to his house for the delectation of roast pig!  And if one dust heap has been found so successful, we shall doubtless soon hear convincing arguments in favour of two, if not more, each managed by a separate committee, as in Camberwell, where Plant Committees abound in a most extraordinary manner.

But confining ourselves to Newington for the moment, it appears that about 5 years ago it occurred to certain members of the Vestry that it would not be unadvisable, on sanitary and economic, and perhaps on other grounds, to establish a dust mart in the parish, and in due course the Depot sprang into life.  To the traveller on the London, Chatham and Dover, this monster muck-heap has anything but a pleasant appearance, and the casual observer is forced to the conclusion that the whole rag and bottle trade of the metropolis has made Newington its abiding home.  But whilst the wretched side of the picture is thus thrust upon us, its pleasant pecularity is entirely lost to view.  We marvel at the zeal with which the local Governors of Newington run after dirt and unsavouriness without so much as suspecting the reward which is in store once a year for such devotion.  The recent dinner at the Bridge House explains it all.  There is in Newington a parochial heaven this side the grave, where services freely and generously given are as generously rewarded; and we are rather inclined to rejoice that such is the case.  It is confessed on all hands that the establishment of the Walworth Depot has been beneficial in many ways; and no-one can dispute the fact that the members who manage it on behalf of the ratepayers have many unpleasant duties to perform.  It seems, therefore, a little ungracious that such exceptionally disagreeable parochial work should not have one streak of light - one moment of pleasure.  It is perhaps possible to conceive the existence of a being who would find his highest reward in the work itself, though such ideal devotion is confessedly scarse in parochial matters.

But the dinner about which so much has been said was given, we take it, not to vestrymen for services rendered, but to farmers and others for favours received and to come. Douglas Jerrold once remarked that if London were dstroyed by an earthquake tomorrow, a place would be cleared among the ruins in which the citizens would dine together to celebrate the event.  Now, the vestrymen and farmers have something of a tangible character to rejoice over - the only appearance of ruins being those of a well-served dinner.  It may be that the farmers who purchase the 'Newington mixture' make it a condition in the bond not to settle their little accounts except over the dinner table; but let the case be as it may, it cannot be doubted that a little rational festivity makes the wheels of business travel smoothly over the ground.  The farmers might perhaps be equally induced to purchase if the article were sold at a reduced cost, but there is a great staying power in a dinner, and Newington, whien it has got some good and substantial customers, has an evident desire to retain them.  The means devised for carrying out such a laudable desire may not be free from objection, but so far hey have been as succesful in effect as they are parochial in character.  At all events, compared with other festive gatherings in neighbouring parishes, it cannot be said that the Newington revellers have been extravagant, since the dinner cost £20 less than the estimate sanctioned by the Vestry some months previously!"

[The paper appears to usually support the ruling group on Newington Vestry, and this light hearted article supports the dinners attended by councillors and the customers of the Longfield Depot.  It does not paint a pretty picture of the Walworth depot though!]

1880-Nov-06 Longfield Tip - Satisfied Customer South London Chronicle
"Newingon Vestry - The Newington 'Mixture' - A number of mangolds, weighing from 18 lbs to 25 lbs each; swedes 16 lbs and cabbages 8 lbs, grown on land manure, by what is known as the 'Newington Mixture' of ashes and refuse, were displayed on the table in the middle of the Vestry Hall.  The Depot Committee reported receipt of the following letter from Mr J Langland of Kent House Farm, Penge SE - "I wish to send you 2 or 3 yellow mangolds, grown on land that has had no other manure than your mixture for some years.  Should you require mixture (fodder) soon, I would put them in a truck.  They are beauties, and will, I believe, weigh over 20lbs each.  I have a splendid crop, both of them and swedes."

[Kent House station on the line from Bromley to London commemorates the former farm.]

1880-Nov-27 Sale of Wood at Hartley Manor Chronicle
Sale of 18 acres of underwood at Hartley Manor Estate, owned by Col Evelyn

1881-Feb-05 Cleared of Criminal Damage Gravesend Reporter
Dartford Magistrates: "Albert Day, a boy, was summoned for doing damage to a sack, the property of Colonel Evelyn at Hartley, on the 10th inst.  Mr Gibson prosecuted.  On the day in question a man in Colonel Evelyn's employ was driving a cart containing a load of oats in sacks, and on his way out, defendant, whose father had recently been discharged from the same employ, walked behind the cart for a short distance and then turned back.  On reaching his destination Bennett found a large hole in one of the sacks, through which a quantity of corn had run.  On inspecting the road next day he found traces of oats from the point where defendant was last seen.  The bench dismissed the case as ridiculous."

1881-Mar-12 Theft charge at Ash Gravesend Reporter
Dartford Magistrates: "Charles William Chown and George Lawrence, were charged with stealing 2 coats belong to Thomas Penning at Ash, on the 22nd November last.  The coats had been left in a stable, and it was found that one of them had been sold in Maidstone by Lawrence.  There was a second charge against them for stealing 4 rabbits from the estate of Colonel Evelyn at Hartley on the same night.  Prisoners had only just come out of gaol, and were now committed for trial."

1881-Mar-12 Gravesend Railway Bill Gravesend Reporter
"The Parliamentary Committee on this bill, after examining a number of witnesses from the town of Gravesend on Friday, called

Mr Henry Booth Hohler, of Fawkham Manor, who said he believed the proposed lines would be of great service to such villages as Fawkham, Longfield, Horton Kirby and Sutton at Hone.

Mr Walter Solomon, of Westwood Farm, Southfleet, said that the line would be a great advantage to the farmers in his district, because the fruit could be put on the train and taken right into the market.

Mr Charles Douglas Fox said the line would run from Fawkham, near Westwood, Southfleet, Springhead, Northfleet, and Rosherville, and it would terminate in the block of property lying between West Street and Church Street, immediately adjoining the Town Pier and the ferry Station of the Tilbury and Southend Railway.  The cost of the works on the line would be £125,349 which, together with the cost of the land, would bring it up to a total of £164,936 for the railway.  In addition to which it was proposed to expend the sum of £18,605 in widening Church Stree, adn £11,285 for making a short new street in Gravesend.  He believed the powers in the bill to enable the Corporation to subscribe for street improvements had been struck out.  They proposed to have one station for Southfleet and Westwood, another at Springhead, and a joint station for Rosherville and Northfleet, immediately adjoining the Rosherville Gardens.  The house property that would be affected in Gravesend would be of the very worst description, some of the worst he had ever seen - many of the cottages being perfect hovels.  The number of houses disturbed in Gravesend would be 113, inhabited by 686 people.

Sir Sydney Headley Waterlow, bart, MP, in answer to Mr Pope, said that he was member of Parliament for Gravesend, and deputy chairman of the London, Chatham and Dover Railway.  He was named in the proposed Bill as one of the first directors of the proposed line, having been induced to accept the position, both by reason of his connection with the London, Chatham and Dover Railway, and from the opinion of his constituents.  When he was member for Maidstone he did all he could, and ultimately succeeded in getting a third line to the town, because he though it would be a good thing for his constituents and the inhabitants; and when he became member for Gravesend he set himself to work to see if he could not do for Gravesend what he had done with so much advantage for Maidstone.  When the third line was opened to Maidstone the inhabitants obtained a much larger number of trains, running much more quickly, with better carriages and  a great many other conveniences and facilities that they did not possess before, and he hoped the same would be the result if the committee should pass the Bill for a line to Gravesend.  He had committed himself to serious personal responsibilities with a view of obtaining this line.  He was of opinion that the people of Gravesend were practically unanimous in favour of this new line, for as far as he had been able to gather the opinion he knew of no one of influence who was not in favour of it, and naturally so because of the conveniences and facilties it would afford.

Mr Arthur Stride, general manager of the London, Tilbury and Southend Railway, spoke of the increased facilitiies for communities that would be afforded between Mid Kent and Essex if the new line were made.

Mr Robert John James, cattle salesman and drover of 55 Queen Street, Gravesend, said that if the new line came into operation it would give him better facilities and advantages in teh way of business."

1881-Mar-26 Gravesend Railway Bill Thanet Advertiser
"Extraordinary Evidence - The London, Chatham and Dover Extension bill from Fawkham to Gravesend was passed by the committee of the House of Commons last week, without hearing the opposing counsel in reply to the case of the promoters.  Some extraordinary evidence was given against the bill, one witness said it would 'actually injure the productive character of the soil', other that, 'it would have the effect of bringing into the neighbourhood hordes of roughs from the metropolis' as if they had not by the existing railway any connection with London; but the crowning wiseacre was a Mr Wood, who stated 'that the railway would open the hop gardens to the south-west wind and so deteriorate them to the extent of £10 an acre.' ".

1881-Apr-09 Longfield Station East Kent Gazette
Timetable: Trains from Victoria with time at Longfield in brackets: Mon-Sat 6.30 (7.39), 8.55 (10.09), 11.55 (13.00), 13.20 (14.26), 16.30 (17.34), 17.15 (18.10), 18.25 (19.19), 21.25 (22.35), Sun 9.00 (9.57), 10.25 (11.37), 15.00 (16.12),18.25 (19.23), 21.15 (22.30).

Trains from Longfield to Victoria with time at Victoria in brackets: Mon-Sat 8.03 (9.23), 8.46 (9.55), 10.45 (11.50), 12.13 (13.15), 15.10 (16.18), 16.10 (17.15), 18.10 (19.13), 18.51 (19.53), 22.04 (23.25), Sun 8.39 (9.54), 11.25 (12.45), 18.34 (20.04), 21.28 (22.45).

Since 1880 there has been one additional down train and 2 additional up trains.

1881-Jun-18 Local News in Brief Gravesend Reporter
(1) Dartford Magistrates: "James Whitehead, a youth, pleaded guilty to stealing a quantity of gooseberries, of the value of 3d, the property of Mr R Holloway, Longfield, and he was fined 2s 6d, the value 3d and 8s costs."; (2) Fatal accident to Dartford Police Superintendent Fread, thrown from his cart after dogs startled his horse on West Hill, Dartford.  Many tributes paid to him.

1881-Aug-22 Missing Person Police Gazette
"Missing from his home in Hartley, Kent since 5th instant - THOMAS ANTRIE, 40 years of age, 5 feet 6 or 7 inches high, fair complexion, light brown hair and whiskers, tip of one ear burnt off, and tip of one thumb has been cut off; dressed in new slop, cord ves, cord or fustian trousers, and lace up boots.  It is feared some ill has befallen him, last seen at Borough Green, and took a ticket for Swanley Junction.  Information to Mr Supt Webster, Kent Constabulary, Dartford - Bow Street, August 19"

[There is no-one called Thomas Antrie living at Hartley in 1881, so I think this may be a misspelling of Thomas Outred who was aged 44.]

1881-Sep-03 Harvest at Longfield Gravesend Reporter
"Accident at the West Street Station - On Wednesday a man named Charles Lowe, of Aveley, Essex, who had been havesting at Longfield, was about to return home across the ferry, but as he was entering West Street Station, his foot slipped and he fell down, fracturing his left leg.  He was removed to the infirmary, where he is now progressing favourably."

1881-Sep-05 Position Wanted Daily News
Young lady seeks reengagement as housekeeper, details, AL Hartley Court

1881-Oct-31 Sale of Wood at Hartley Manor South Eastern Gazette
"Fawkham Manor, near Fawkham station on the London, Chatham and Dover Railway.  Mr Wm Hodsoll is instructed by H B Hohler esq to sell by auction at the Rising Sun Inn, Fawkham on Wednesday, November 2nd, 1881 at 2 for 3pm.

About 22½ acres of valuable Underwood, in various woods and shaws on the above estate.

Also 16½ acres at Hartley Manor, near Fawkham Station, the property of Colonel Evelyn.

Mr Sullivan the bailiff at Fawkham Manor, will show the lots there, and Packman, the woodreve, those at Hartley Manor, of both of whom catalogues may be had, also at the point of sale, and of the auctioneer, Farningham, Kent."

[It appears only woodland at Hartley Manor was being sold, not the land itself.]

1882-Jan-27 Position Wanted Sevenoaks Chronicle
"Plain Cook - where a housemaid is kept; in a small family; age 19; good character from last place - J Jessup, Old Downs, Hartley, Near Dartford."

1882-Jan-28 Longfield Tip - Building Works South London Press
Newington Vestry - The Depot: A report was received from the Depot Committee, stating that a length of 383 feet of concrete wall had been erected at Longfield Depot under the resolution of 29 June 1881, and that the siding had been laid in to the length of wall completed, and they recommended - "That a concrete stop block be built at end of the siding by the entrance to the depot, with a return wall of 195 feet in length, to the points fro the back shunt siding, at an estimated cost of £51 5s; that hte main wall to keep up the embankment be extended ot the boundary of the depot, a length of 300 feet, at an estimated cost of £710 12s 6d; and that the estimates for the year ending Lady Day 1883, for works under the control of the committee, amounting to £11,307 5s be adopted".

Mr Hart, in moving the adoption fo the report, expressed regreat that the financial results were different to what they had been previously.  As compared with last year, they had sustained a loss of £1,369 on the depot.  That was very serious, as it meant a penny rate.  They wwere anxious to make the Longfield Depot as complete as possible, so that in case of any accident they might have a place to deposit the refuse etc. He did not anticipate anything of the kind, because he believed the depot would continue to be a success.  It had been a success throught the piece, and would be a success in the future.  Even if this balance remained against them, it would be considered cheap for he cleansing of the parish. Mr Scowcroft seconded.

Mr Whitford said they ahd sustained a loss of £1,270 by the withdrawal of St George's Vestry; but he expected to find a corresponding reduction in the working expenses of the depot.  It was a matter of great concern to the parish that they shoudl not be called upon to pay a larger amount towards the maintenance of the depot, and considering the large amount they would have to pay towards the permanent works of the country depot, it was most important that the committee should try and reduce the present expenditure.  He knew the great difficulties against which they had had to contend, but the loss sustained this year was a very serious matter.

Mr Snell said the committee had foreseen this difficulty.  They knew that when St George's withdrew, they would have a corresponding reduction in the receipts.  As St George's had gone, they must pay for it.  But he hoped the time was not far distant when other parishes would come in.

Mr Side said that as there had not been so great a demand upon the exertions of the working staff at the depot, there ought to have been a corresponding reduction in the wages and expenditure.

Mr Ivison considered that this loss was only a temporary one.  If the depot was worked with the same energy it had been worked hitherto - and he gave the principal credit for this energy to Mr Dunham, the clerk - better prices would be obtained in the future.  He considered the loss of St George's a very good one, as they had got rid of a very great nuisance.

Mr Chester said the loss they had sustained was quite comprehensible  If they withdrew from their business that which enabled them to pay a profit, they lost to the extent of that profit.

The resolution was carried, and the vestry adjourned."

1882-Mar-11 Fatal Railway Accident East Kent Gazette
"On Monday, Mr WJ Harris, coroner, held an inquest at the Railway Inn, Meopham, on the body of David Cripps, who was killed on the railway on Saturday afternoon, under the circumstances detailed in the evidence below.  It is stated that the deceased belonged to Sittingbourne, and was on the point of removing to that town for the brickmaking season; his wife had already left, with the furniture, and it was arranged that he should follow by train.

Ann Cripps stated that the deceased was her husband.  He was 52 years of age, and was a labourer in the brickfield.  He lived at the brickfield at Fawkham [I think Longfield is meant here].

John Ansell, foreman to Mr Hickmott, brick merchant, Fawkham, stated that the deceased worked in that field.  On Sunday [sic] afternoon, between 4 and 5 o'clock, he paid him his wages.  Deceased had been drinking, but was in his usual health.  He was leaving his service, and his furniture had been removed.

Frank Noakes stated that he was in the service of his mother.  On Saturday afternoon, he was driving a donkey and cart from hartley to Longfield, and met the deceased near the brickfield.  He asked witness to give him a lift, but witness told him he could not.  Deceased appeared to be 'boozy' and held onto the cart.  he went along with witness about a quarter of a mile on his way to the railway.  After witness got home, he saw deceased pass, and he went in the Green Man, and when he came out he could not walk straight.  Witness's mother and he watched him.  Deceased turned down Mr Scratton's field straight for the railway gates.  He walked much worse than when witness first saw him.

Stephen Ansley, an engine driver in the employ of the London, Chatham and Dover Railway Company, stated that on Saturday last he was the driver of the train due at Meopham at 5.41pm.  When between the two bridges on the west side of the station he saw the deceased walking in the 6ft way, and when witness was within about 100 yards of him deceased looked back and saw the train coming.  He then started to run, still keeping the 6ft way.  When the train got within 15 or 20 yards of him, he turned apparently to cross right in front of the engine.  Witness opened both whistles, and saw no more of the deceased until he passed.  He was going at 10 or 12 miles an hour at the time.  On looking back he saw him lying in the 4ft way, the train having passed over him.  He pulled up and informed the station master.

Robert Halls, a porter employed at the Meopham station stated that on Saturday, just before the arrival of the 5.41 train, he saw a man running down the line in the 6ft way.  The train was coming, and just before it got up to him he turned out of the 6ft into the down 4ft road in front of the approaching train.  The engine knocked him down.  On going to the spot, he found the deceased lying in the 4ft way, the train having passed over him (his head was smashed, and one foot nearly cut off).  He was quite dead.

The jury returned a verdict of 'Accidently killed', and expressed an opinion that no blame be attached to the railway company or their servants."

1882-Apr-15 Selling Beer at Longfield Gravesend Reporter
Dartford Magistrates "Isaac Albion was summoned for having on the 18th March at Longfield, committed a breach of the Licensing Act 1872, by selling beer, he not holding a licence.  Mr Gramshaw defended.  Mary Thwaites and Jane Hatch deposed to having, on that day, purchased beer from defendant's wife.  Mr Gramshaw contended that under these circumstances defendant was not liable, as the act only mentioned a person or his servant.  He called defendant's wife, who said that her husband rented 3 cottages, two of which were used as sleeping apartments fro 7 or 8 lodgers.  The beer was got in for them and they paid for it among themselves.  The bench thought there was some doubt in the matter and dismissed the case."

1882-Jun-02 Threatening Behaviour at Longfield Sevenoaks Chronicle
Dartford Magistrates: "James Irving was summoned for using threats toward William Robert Hatch at Longfield, on the 22nd May.  The parties worked in a brick field and, in consequence of some dispute on the day named, defendant threatened to pull complainant's nose off.  He was bound over to keep the peace."

1882-Jun-22 Elvy Cooper Sued Commercial Gazette

Benjamin Berry, 12 Scott Street, Maidstone, papermaker, judgement in favour of Philip Hyman for £9.15.0 etc filed 17 June.

Elvy Cooper, Hartley, blacksmith, judgement in favour of Philip Hyman for £20 etc filed 17 June."

[The plaintiff, Philip Hyman, might be a watchmaker who lived at Chatham.]

1882-Sep-16 Robbery by a Rail Guard Thanet Advertiser
"At the Rochester County Magistrate's Office on Friday, J Hulkes esq presiding on the bench, an under goods guard on the LC and D Railway, named Stephen Holden, was charged on remand with stealing 1lb 5oz of tea, value 1s 9d, the property of the company, on the 14th instant. Prisoner was under guard of a goods train which left London at 2am and by which 3 chests of tea were consigned to a Mr Lynds, a grocer at Longfield, near Fawkham.  At Longfield Siding prisoner put the chests out of his brake apparently intact.  When the train reached Kearnsey Abbey station, however, prisoner's brake was casually inspected by the company's police inspector, Mr Eldridge, who found in it a calico bag contaiig about a pound and a half of tea.  Prisoner said he had bought it, but he declined to say where and was given into custody.  Inquireis were then made, which resulted in the discovery that one of Mr Lynd's chests had been forced open and about a pound and a half of tea taken from it.  The tea in the calico bag corresponded both in quality and quantity with that which had been extracted.  Prisoner pleaded guilty, but said the chest fell and burst, and the tea fell out in the brake. The magistrates inflicted the full term of 3 calendar months' hard labour, Mr Hulkes remarking that it was such men as prisoner who brought discredit upon railway companies."

1882-Oct-02 Sale of North Ash Farm Daily News
"Kent - An eligbile Freehold landed investment in one of hte most beautiful parts of the country, in the parishes of Ash and Hartley, 2½ miles from Fawkham Station on the London, Chatham and Dover Railway (one hour from London), 3 miles from Farningham, 4 from Wrotham, 6 miles from Gravesend, 5 miles from Cobham Hall, 8 from Sevenoaks and 24 miles from London.

Messrs Tootell and Sons are directed to offer for sale by auction at the Mart, Tokenhouse Yard, London, EC on Tuesday Oct 17th at 2 precisely in one lot, the NORTH ASH ESTATE, comprising 430a 1r 7p of good, sound, high level and productive land, with ????? , undulating banks, interspersed with belts of thriving woodland, affording sufficient cover for a good load of game.  A comfortable farm residence stands in the centre of the property, and excellent farm buildings in a great part recently erected, are placed at suitable positions.  Good roads communicate with the homesteads, the cottages and gardens.  About 48 acres are meadow, 54 wood, 316 arable, 6 hops, 4 acres homsteads, gardens and cottages.  The whole is in hand and possession will be given on completion of he purchase...."

1882-Oct-07 Newington Vestry - Potatoes Gratis! South London Press
"Mr Medland wished to know if sacks of potatoes had been delivered gratis to members of the Depot Committee; and if that was the case, by whose authority.

Mr Dunham (the clerk) said it was quite true that potatoes had been grown on the surplus land at Longfield not required for immediate use, and that by his direction a sack had been sent to nearly every member of the Depot Committee.  After sending a sack to those members who had not yet received any, he should have sufficient left, the sale of which would realise a sum in excess of the amount required to pay for the seed, planting, digging, and distribution, so that no part of the cost would be charged to the ratepayers.  It was only right, however, the Vestry should know that before planting the ground, he offered the land to persons in the neighboourhood for cultivation, but they declined to take it except under an agreement for 3 years, with a 12 months' notice to determine the tenancy, the highest rent offered being 30 shillings.  Under these circumstances ____  Mr Medland (interrupting): I simply wanted to know whether __ (cries of 'Chair, chair') __ whether it was true or not (renewed cries of 'chair, chair')  I did not want a long statement from the clerk.  Mr Robinson: I rise to a point of order (Cries of 'chair, chair').  Mr Tilling: I contend that Mr Robinson has the right to rise to a point of order (cries of 'chair, chair').  The Chairman: As soon as Mr Dunham has completed his answer I will hear you.  The clerk (continuing) said that under the circumstances to which he had referred, it was not considered desirable to part with possession of any of hte land until the requirements o the vestry were ascertained, and the only possible loss, therefore, to the vestry, was the rental of 30 shillings, which he should be only too happy to pay if the vestry should so wish....

Mr Robinson complained that very little was ever heard of the work of this committee.  They seemed to be always working in the dark.

Mr Side asserted that they went about the country looking after depots. He also hinted that they were spending money without the sanction of the Vestry (interruption).  Mr Ivison rose to order.  Mr Side was not discussing the committee's report (hear, hear).  Mr Side said he was discussing the actions of the committee.  Probably Mr Ivison had had a sack of potatoes (laughter).  It was a great disgrace to accept such a present when he knew they belonged to the parish (Laughter).

Mr Scowcroft said Mr Side was a member of the Depot Committee, and also of the sub-committee and therefore ought to be aware of what was going on.  (hear, hear).  Mr Robinson: He refused the sack of potatoes, and was the only one that did....

Mr Hart said he utterly denied the statement that the committee went into the country looking after depots.  If Mr Side had not a sack of potatoes to enjoy, he enjoyed himself very well at the depot tea the other day (laughter).  Those who lived in glass houses should not throw stones.  The report was adopted."  [Not all councillors on Newington Vestry supported the Longfield scheme and were quick to notice any irregularities.  Sending free sacks of potatoes to councillors certainly did not look good.  Only one councillor (Robert Henry Side) refused to accept the gift.]

1882-Oct-14 Theft at Longfield Gravesend Reporter
Dartford Magistrates "Isabella Ann Oliver was charged with stealing a dessert knife and other articles, of the value of 5 shillings, the property of Captain Wilde at Longifeld, at whose house she had been cook.  In consequence of some articles being missed, prisoner's boxes were searched and the things found.  She was thereupon given into custody.  She was sentenced to a month's hard labour."

1882-Dec-16 Longfield Tip - Works at South London Press
"The Depot at Longfield: Mr Hart brought forward a report of the Depot Committee, explaining the works carried out at the above depot.  The amounts sanctioned by the vestry to be expended in these works were as follows: By resolution of 5 May 1880, £750; by resolution of 26 January 1881, £210; by resolution of 25 January 1882, £986 17s 6d.  Total £1,946 17s 6d.  The estimate for alterations had been exceeded by £369 2s 11d.  The report, which was a very lengthy one, also sttd that the object to be gained by the extensive works carried out at the depot was primarily to keep the yard in town clear of accumulation, and also to form a storage for mixture, ashes and breeze, to secure a fit and proper market for the same.  For instance, in the years 1880 and 1881, the committee were obliged to sell 4,208 tons of ashes at a shoot rate - i.e. at the cost of carriage, and in addition 5,000 tons at 3s 1d per ton, or 1s 5d per ton less than the ordinary rate.  If the vestry ahd been in a position to have stored the ashes ad breeze at that time, as they now could at Longfield, instead of forcing it on the market when the brick trade was dull, a saving to the rates would have been effected in that year alone of about £650. Having regard to the benefits that ha already arisen from te opening up of a depot at Longfield, and to the future working of such a place, the committee felt satisfied that the amount expended would proved to be a very good investment of the ratepayers' money, and with a view therefore of enabling the workds being proceeded with in the spring, they recommended that a sufficient quantity of clay (about 400 yards) be burnt at Longfield, for mixing with broken hardcore, with the view of enabling the commitee to proceed in the spring with the concrete work still remaining to be done at this depot, and that the committee be empowered to make up the embankment behind the wall.

Mr Hart, in moving the adoption, said the money had been well spent, although they had exceeded the original estimate by £369.  They wanted the depot at Longfield to be in such a condition that they could carry on a large business there.  Mr High seconded.

Mr Side said this £369 had been spent without the consent of the vestry. In the course of his remarks he was several times called to order by the chairman, who told the speaker that if he came to a meeting where public business was transacted he must conform to the rules of debate.

Mr Chandler said there was no doubt that a magnificent work had been carried out by their clerk, but he should like to know by whose advice the committee expended this money.

Mr Marsland said the whole question had been previously thrashed out.  The work had always been done by the committee, with the assistance of the clerk.

Mr Hart, in reply, said the work spoke for itself.  Mr Side had been the cause of thousands of pounds being spent for the action taken by him in regard to the depot.  The recommendations were carried."

1883-Jan-19 Position Wanted Times
"Housemaid (Upper) where men-servants are kept.  Could wait on lady.  3 years' character.  Country preferred.  E.G. Hill House, Hartley, Near Dartford, Kent."

[Bit of mystery.  No house of this name is known, and no suitable "EG" in the 1881 census for Hartley.  EG advertised again in the edition of 7.10.1886, saying this time she had to leave after 3 years 8 months due to death.  Also that she was aged 33.]

1883-Mar-10 Longfield Tip - Accounts South London Press
"Newington Vestry - The Depot.  The Depot Committee's report stated that, from a return submitted to the committee by the vestry clerk, it appeared that the sales of reoad sweepings and house dust from the depot since the railway sidings were opened in July 1873, down to Lady Day 1882, amounted to £46,282 18s 7½d, and that during the whole 9 years only 8 bad debts had been made, amounting altogether to £243 16s 5d, or an actual loss to the ratepayers of £208 8s 6d; also that since the closing of the accounts at Michaelmas last he had received the sum of £1,660 9s 8d of the outstanding balance of £3,021 4s 10½d leaving only a balance of £1,360 15s 2½d, as arrears.  £400 of this amount would, in all probability, be paid before Lady Day, and hte balance by Michaelmas next, no portion of this balance being regarded as doubtful.

Mr Hart said the return which their clerk had prepared had taken everyone by surprise.  The sale of 291,943 tons of mixture and house dust during the 9 years ending Lady Day 1882 had realised £46,282 18s 7½d and the loss upon this large return had been only to the extent of £208 8s 6d. Having regard to the bad searsons the farmers had had to contend with, this return was of a most remarkable character.  It was not the wish of the committee to take any credit with regard to this return.  The whole refuse had been disposed of by their clerk, the whole money had been collected by their clerk, and they thought that to him was eminently due this return (hear, hear).  Mr Hart then reminded the vestry that when the depot was purchased in 1871 it was calculated that it woudl be to the interest of the parish to pay the railway carriage of 1s 8d per ton on the refuse into the country or an annual charge of £2,000.  During the 9 years ending Lady Day 1882, the vestry would have paid £1,800 for the carriage of refuse into the country, and £10,610 for interest and instalments on the depot loans of £14,000, or an average £3,179 per annum; but after the first 9 months' working, the vestry found that by mixing the house dust with the road sweepings as collected, the house dust impoverished the sweepings as manure, and the sweepings on the other hand spoilt the dust for brickmaking - the result being that at Lady Day 1874, the vestry were without a single offer to take away any of the refuse even by paying the carriage into the country.  It was then determined first to deposit the refuse in the depot, and screen the house dust and sell this refuse to brickmakers and the road sweepings to farmers, which enabled the vestry to dispose of the whole of the refuse arising from the parish during the year ending Lady Day, 1875, for £1,609, or at the rate of 1s 6½d per ton.  It was not possible to arrive at the actual cost it would have been to the vestry to dispose of the refuse only of this parish in the manner explained for the 9 years ending Lady Day 1882, in consequence of the increased business, and thereby beneficial results arising from the receoption into the depot of the refuse arising from St George's Parish; but if it cost this vestry £1,609 in the year ending 1875, before the contract with St George's Vestry was entered into, and £1,200 during hte present year, after the termintion of this contract, having regard to the increased facilities arising out of the establishment of the country depots, it was only reasonable to suppose that the average annual cost to this parish, had St George's contract never been entertained, would have reached £1,300, or for the 9 years £11,700 which showed a saving of £6,300, as against the original estimate made in 1871.  But by the vestry receiving the refuse from St George's parish, and thereby enabling the committee to enter into large contracts, the annual balances appeared on the credit instead of the debit side of the account, which for the 5 years this contract was in existence amounted to £3,635.  To this amount must be aadded the former debit balance of £1,300 per annum, making together £10,135 which this parish had gained by the two parishes working together, or within £475 of the total amount paid by the vestry for interest and instalments on the loans for the establishment of the depot.  The result of 9 years working showed an expenditure to the parish, therefore, of £12,175, as against £28,610 which the vestry in 1871 was prepared to expend, or an acutal saving of £16,435.  This great financial benefit was entirely irrespective of the improved sanitary condition of the parish, arising from the more rapid removal of the refuse from the streets and dust-bins.  Although the business, as carried on at the depot during the 9 years ended Lady Day 1882, had only resulted in a saving to the parish of £16,435 as against the expenditure sanctioned in 1871, it was very evident that but for the depot the general rates during the same period would have had to bear an increased expenditure of £34,725 - which sum, as a matter of fact, the parish had benefited by the establishment of the depot.

Mr Tilling pointed out that notwithstanding the favourable picture drawn by the report, the rates in Newington were still very high.

Mr Marsland said the depot had undoubtedly resulted in a saving.  It should be remembered that in times past they had no School Board rate. The assessments had increased, but so had the expenditure.

Mr Ivison agreed that the depot was one of the finest institutions they could have; but when they came to the question of St George's parish, he totally disagreed with Mr Hart.  He contended, as he had before contended, that the balance-sheet showed they were far better off with their own refuse than with that of St George's (oh, oh and hear, hear)."

[The report says 291,943 tons of mixture and house dust (ashes) had been sold since the railway siding (? at Walworth) was opened in 1873.  It is not entirely clear from this report how the depot at Longfield was doing, as a lot of the "benefits" are just that they hadn't spent quite as much as they thought they would in 1871.]

1883-Apr-21 Longfield Station Rochester Journal
Timetable: Trains from Victoria with time at Longfield in brackets: Mon-Sat 5.45 (6.40), 8.35 (9.42), 11.45 (12.50), 13.20 (14.32), 16.25 (17.29), 17.17 (18.15), 17.55 (18.55), 21.30 (22.44), Sun 8.45 (9.42), 10.25 (11.37), 15.00 (16.12),18.35 (19.33), 21.30 (22.49).

Trains from Longfield to Victoria with time at Victoria in brackets: Mon-Sat 8.00 (9.20), 8.31 (9.29), 9.25 (10.29), 11.00 (12.15), 12.47 (13.50), 14.15 (15.40), 15.51 (16.55), 19.07 (20.10), 20.16 (21.30), 22.09 (23.30), Sun 8.39 (9.54), 11.25 (12.45), 17.50 (19.18), 21.33 (22.50).

Since 1881 there were few changes to the down trains but Victoria bound services saw a lot of changes including an additional morning train which did not call at Sole Street or Meopham.  Note: poor quality photocopy so some of the timings may be out.

1883-Jun-16 Charge of Thefl Gravesend Reporter
Dartford Magistrates: "james Wallace, William Swan, Edwin Albion and Thomas Baker, lads, were charged with breaking into and entering the house of Amos Hatfield, at Longfield, and stealing a quantity of coppers, sweets and nuts, to the value of 2s 10d, on Sunday evening, the 3rd inst.  Mr Gramshaw solicitor, of Gravesend, appeared for the accused, and asked the bench to allow the case to be withdrawn as the parties were neighbours, but the bench declined to accede to the request.  The case rested on admissions by the boy Swann, and in the end the bench committed them for trial at Maidstone.  Mr Gramshaw applied for bail, which was granted."

[The trial at the quarter sessions was mentioned in the Kent and Sussex Courier 13.7.1883.  Wallis got 3 months with hard labour and others 1 month with hard labour, all to get 12 strokes with the birch rod]

1883-Jul-07 The New Gravesend Railway - Cutting of the first sod by Lady Waterlow Gravesend Reporter
"The ceremony of cutting the first sod of the new railway from Fawkham to Gravesend was performed on Saturday afternoon by Lady Waterlow.  The preparations for the ceremony had been going on in a field, near Stuart's Road, for some days, and two large marquees, connected with each other by a covered passage, had been erected.  Both were decorated by an enormous quantity of choice flowers and shrubs, arranged in excellent style, and supplied by Mr Guy, of hte Subscription Grounds. From the road to the first marquee a crimson cloth was ladi down through an avenue of the Gravesend detachment of the 1st Kent Artillery Volunteers, whose band discoursed sweet music during the day.  Sir Sydney and Lady Waterlow, accompanied by the Earl of Darnley, arrived shortly before 3 o'clock, and were received by Mr Barclay Bruce, and others connected with the line, while there were also present the Mayor of Gravesend (G H Edmonds esq), Mrs Edmonds, C Lewis esq (MP for Londonderry), Sir William Hart Dyke MP, Sir Willilam and Lady Ogg, the Mayor of Rochester, Charles Douglas Fox (the engineer to the company), Messrs Higginson and Vigers (the solicitors), Mr G B Bruce, vice president of the institution of civil engineers (the father of the contractor), Mr Morgan and Mr Miller (secretary and engineer respectively to the London, Chatham and Dover Company), Aldermen J Russell, T Troughton, and C Startup, Messrs H Huggins, H Berkowitz, J T Cooper, M Martin, I C Johnson, T Smith, W J King, W G Penman, Badman, J Gould, W Russell, J A Silk, W Boorman, C Palmer, W Limbert, A Tolhurst, W Newman, E Knibbs, T H Rose, J Rose, J Willoughby, J Blin, J Stirton, J M Newman, F B Nettleingham, W Box, G B Archer, Mr and Mrs Fletcher, Mr and Mrs Rosher, Mr and Mrs Bryant, Capt and Mrs Sankey, Capt Simpson, Lieut Walker, Dr and Mrs Nisbett, Dr and Miss Pinching, Dr and Mrs Richmond, Dr Armstrong, Rev F Southgate (Northfleet), Rev Gilling (Rosherville), Rev Jackson (Perry Street), Rev Balgarnie and Mrs Balgarnie etc etc.  An avenue was formed in the first tent, along the centre of the which a number of planks, covered with a red cloth, had been placed, and upon which was a very handsome, silver mounted wheelbarrow, containing a spade with a silver blade, with which Lady Waterlow proceeded to cut the sod.  Her ladyship, amid the loud applause of the assembly, thrice inserted her spade into the earth, which she took up and turned into her wheelbarrow, wheeled it ot hte end of the tent, and tippled the earth out, and then returned drawing the conveyance behind her, stopping twice to allow Mr R Hider of Parrock Street, to take a photograph of the scene.  At the conclusion of the ceremony her ladyship was warmly congratulated upon the manner in which she had taken her part in it, after which the party adjourned to the inner tent, where an excellent cold collation was served.  Ample justice was done to the good things so hospitably provided by Mr Barclay Bruce, when the cloth was cleared, and the usual loyal toasts having been honoured.

Mr G Barclay Bruce proposed the health of Lady Waterlow.  The health of the Queen had been drunk, and they would go from monarchy in general to the queen of the occasion (hear, hear).  It was exceedingly kind of Lady Waterlow to have honoured them by turning the first sod, and the best way he could thank her for doing so was by publcly expressing the gratitude the railway owed to her and her husband.  To speak broadly, but for Sir Sydney Waterlow the railway would never have been an accomplished fact.  He had fought for it against its enemies, and what was a far harder task he had protected it for its friends (hear, hear).

Sir Sydney Waterlow, in reply, said Lady Waterlow was proud of the privilege that had been accorded to her, of being hte first navvy in the employ of hte company.  The sight of so many people to witness the cutting of the first sod had, he was quite sure, gladdened Lady Waterlow's heart.  They could only hope that that day would be a good beginning, and that success might attend the Gravesend railway. He was sorry that it was the practice of the present age and the custome of society not to permit ladies to reply for themselves, as he was sure Lady Waterlow could have done so much better than he could do for her.  She had not told him what to say, and he hoped they would allow him a little latitude (hear, hear).  Lady Waterlow came from a country where making railways was a very different matter to what it was in England, where the ofrmation of a railway was, as a rule, afairly remunerative undertaking, if only Parliament once consented to the scheme.  In her country, however railways were developed under very different circumstances, in fact a relation of heres had one had to carry a line through a tract of country where for 300 iles there was not a drop of water to assist him in his work  The new Gravesend Railway would be formed under very different circumstances, and he hoped htat the work of the contractor would bring success to all concerned in it.

The Mayor of Gravesend gave 'Success to the Gravesend Railway'.  Gravesend was daily increasing in size and growing into a large and important town.  They could already boast of two railways connecting the town with the Great City, and they had that day seen the first sod of a new railway turned. Gravesend was, in fact, progressing very rapidly (hear, hear).  They had tram cars running between the town and Northfleet, and if anyone doubted that statement, they could experience the effects of riding in one for the sum of twopence (applause and laughter).  The docks on the other side would and did conduce to the trade, and, therefore, prosperity of the borough.  They had a Thames tunnel looming in the distance, and he hoped they would all live to see it.  They had a new Town Hall, and he hoped they would all live to see that finished as well as the Thames Tunnel (hear, hear and laughter).  The fact that Gravesend was progressing so rapidly assured him that the toast he had given would be well received (applause).

Sir Sydney Waterlow said he felt the Mayor of Gravesend had placed a great responsibility upon him in calling upon him to respond to the toast.  He was not, however, surprised that he had done so, remembering that he had been chairman ofthe company for some years.  When he was firstelected the Parliamentary representative of Gravesend, he found that htis project had been almost destroyed in its conception, and he came to the conclusion that it would be to the benefit of the borough if it could be revived.  By a deviation from the original plan and by adding a pier in the Thames for colleting the river traffic, they were enabled to induce Parliament to sanction the scheme, but evn then they had not conquered all their difficulties.  They had to find those who would be resonsible for the cost of constructing the line, and he thought the alliance with the London, Chatham and Dover Company constituted one of the best means of securing the success they were all anxious for (cheers).  The Chatham company had taken the smaller one in hand, and had promised to see them through their difficulties - an arrangement which was possibly facilitated by his dual position of vice-chairman of one and chairman of the other company.  He thought the inhabitants of Gravesend might rest satisfied that the railway would be completed.  They could not, he was sure, have placed it in the hands ofa stronger, more earnest, more satisfactory, and more energetic contractor, than Mr Bruce, and in a very short time he hoped that, through the kindness of the landowners, Mr Bruce would be in possession of the land necessary for the work, so that those residing near would witness the immediate and rapid progress of the undertaking.  'Success to the Gravesend Railway' meant two things - remuneration to those who had found the capital, and increased prosperity to Gravesend; therefore they would reaslise that he heartily concurred in the toast.  It meant increased prosperity because it would give additional facilities of communication between the town and the great metropolis.  The new line would afford directe communication with Bromley, Beckenham, Penge, Sydenham, Dulwich, Herne Hill, Camberwell, the Elephant and Castle, and Blackfriars, and to all the southern parts of London.  It would open up the district around Gravesend to all the new stations in London - to Victoria, Holborn Viaduct and Ludgate Hill, and to Moorgate Street for those who wished to go to the other end of the city, while communication with the norther and eastern couties would be made more easy.  Again the deep water peir to be constructed in connection with the Gravesend terminus would give facilities to passengers by the large steamers - especially those of the P and O line - to land from the steamer's teder by the side of their train, and be carried to any part of the south-west of London without a change of carriage.  To enter the train at Victoria for Gravesend would form an easier and more rapid method of transit than proceeding from either the Fenchurch Street or Liverpool Street Stations (applause).  He was very pleased indeed to hear the kind expressions which fell from the lips of the Mayor of Gravesend, because he believed that the words to which his worship gave utterance were spoken not merely in his individual, but also in his corporate capacity, and represented the feelings of their inhabitants of the town (hear). If they were kindly disposed towards the undertaking, and if they favoured it as a route to London in consequence of the increased facilities it afforded them, then the success of the line was assured (hear).  There wre now a large number of pleasure-seekers who visited the borough, and he ventured to think that as the new railway would give additional facilities to the daily incresing number of holiday-keepers, the business of the town would be augmented.  He had known the town ever since he could walk; he remembered it wen it was much more used by visitors than now, for the town was ieft in the cold because people migrated further for their holidays.  But brighter days were now were now coming, and he believed that the increased traffic which they had reason to expect would prove even more beneficial than that they formerly enjoyed, as it would be more of a commercial character.  The Mayor had reminded them that in all probability they would have a new Thames Tunnel in the course of a few years, and that it would connect Tilbury and Gravesend.  He himself blieved that the project would be carried out, for about 10 days ago he had a long discussion with one of the promoters, and was assured that funds would be forthcoming to make the tunnel.  Well, its construction would give more rapid communication to the eastern parts of England.  It would enable butchers from Gravesend to go to Romford market for their cattle, and bring them home direct, instead of taking them first to London, and he hoped the inhabitants would give as much encouragement to that scheme as they had been kind enough to offer to the Gravesend Railway (applause).

Mr C Douglas Fox also replied.  He felt that they had got over all their worst difficulties, for, though they had had a very stong opposition from the railway companywho were already in possession of the field, they had proved successful.  The scheme originated, he believed, among a number of gentlemen in Northfleet and Gravesend, among them being Mr Nettleingham, who was then Mayor of the borough.  In November 1879, plans were deposited and in 1880 they had their first fight before a Parliamentary Committee.  The London, Chatham and Dover Company gave them a friendly pat on the back, but did not render them any material assistance, and as they were strongly opposed by the South Eastern Railway Company, and several landowners, among whom was Mr Bevan, their bill was rejected.  But in 1890 they recommenced ther work under new auspices, and he was thnkful to remember how much they were indebted to Sir Sydney Waterlow for the great assistance he gave them in Parliament, and for what he did in securing them practical support from the London, Chatham and Dover Company.  The result was than in 1881 they obtained the first Act for the line.  A deviation being, however, rendered necessary, an amended Act was obtained int he follwoing year, and now they were assembled under very happy auspices to witness the comencement of the work.  The line would commence with a junction with the main line of the London, Chatham and Dover Company at Fawkham, and would proceed almost in a straight line to the field (near Stuart Road) in which they were assembled.  When finished there would be a station close to Southfleet, another near Rosherville, and another closed to where they were then sitting.  He felt sure that Mr Bruce, although his work was cut out for him would, with the advantage of fine weather and the cooperation of the landowners, be able to complete the line within the year and half stated by the contract.  When the railway was completed it would be connected at Gravesend with a deep water pier on the Thames. The pier would be so situated that the largest steamers would be able to go alongside at any state of the tide.  He did not think that when those plans had been carried out, the railway would fail to be a great benefit to Gravesend and neighbourhood (hear, hear).

In submitting 'The health of the directors of the company', the Earl of Darnley said they believed the railway would give increased prosperity to the borough and additional facilities to the locality.  Railways, his lordship continued, had no politics, and he thought that as son the directorate were to be found Sir Sydney Waterlow and Sir W Hart Dyke, they might trust to two such distinguished gentlemen to make the management of the undertaking both Liberal and Conservative in the best sense of the word.  He would ask them to give a hearty welcome to the gentlemen who had undertaken and conducted the enterprise, the inauguration of which they were celebrating that day.

Sir William Hart Dyke, in responding, remarked that, though the existence of the directorate of his colleagues and hiself might be but ephemeral, yet he should be proud of having been connected with an undertaking, which could not but conduce to the prosperity of Gravesend, for he was sure that his colleagues all joined with him in the sincere desire to conduct the scheme to a successful issue.

Mr Nettleingham gave 'The health of the contractor' of whom he spoke in eulogistic terms.

Mr Bruce suitably responded, and introduced the toast of 'The Visitors', which was answered by Mr Lewis MP.

During the day the bells of St George's Church were ringing merrily."

[A lengthy report of the celebrations of the beginning of construction works for the line between Longfield and Gravesend.  Lady Waterlow, the wife of the Liberal MP for Gravesend Sir Sydney Waterlow, dug the first sod.  Sydney Waterlow (1822-1906) was from the famous stationer company of the same name and led a varied political career, he built Trosley Towers in 1887, the house is no longer there but the land is now Trosley Country Park.  He was also noted for his philanthropy, he gave Waterlow Park in Highgate, London as a 'garden for the gardenless'.  He apologised to his wife for the fact that under the custom of the day, she was not allowed to speak at the occasion.]

1883-Jul-21 Mistaken Identity Gravesend Journal
"Dartford Petty Sessions: Esther O'Neil was charged with damaging 5lb of butter, the property of Mr Willilam Frederick Allen, agent to Colonel Evelyn, at Dartford, on the 10th of July  Prosecutor said he was driving along the road to Longfield, when he heard some stones falling on the road as though thrown at him.  He pulled up and saw prisoner, who asserted that he (prosecutor) was Mr Bartholemew, who had locked her son up.  He replied that he was not Mr Bartholemew and drove on, bu the prisoner clung to the back of the carriage.  On his stopping again she repeated that she was sure he was Mr Bartholemew, and she then picked up a basket of butter and threw it at him, hitting him on the back of the head.  She next picked up the butter and threw it into the river.  Prisoner said that she was drunk, and did not know what she was doing.  She was fined 10 shillings and costs, or in default 21 days' hard labour."

1883-Jul-21 Alleged Cowardly Assualt Gravesend Journal
Dartford Magistrates: "Sarah Ann Hatfield was summoned for assaulting John Baker at Longfield, on the 10th of July.  The defendant, hearing screams of murder had gone in the direction from which the sound proceeded, and found complainant threatening a woman  The defendant told complainant to cease striking the woman, and on his taking no notice she struck him over the face with a whip she had in her hand.  The summons was dismissed."

1883-Aug-04 Shocking Suicide East Kent Gazette
"On Sunday morning, a porter on the railway, named Hazelden (sic), committed suicide at Fawkham station by placing his head on the metals in front of the down train just as it was pulling up.  He was decapitated.  The poor fellow had been of intemperate habits, and had been drifting downwards for several years.  He was formerly clerk in charge of Messrs W H Smith and Son's bookstall at Faversham Station."

[This is the sad case of a porter called Hasleden.  The 1881 Census has a Thomas Hasleden, railway porter, living with his wife and 3 year old daughter (born at Faversham) at one of the cottages around Hartley Green.]

1883-Aug-27 North Ash Farm to Let South Eastern Gazette
"North Ash, Turner's and West Yoke Farms, 426a 1r 7p, of good sound high level and productive land, a comfortable farm residence, excellent farm buildings, 9 cottages and gardens.

For particulars and to view apply to Messrs Tootell and Sons, Land Surveyors and Valuers, 13 King Street, Maidstone."

1883-Aug-29 Hop Harvest Times
Hop pickers train to depart daily at 4.50am from Holborn Viaduct to Faversham, will stop at Farningham Road, Longfield, Meopham and Sole Street.  Reduced fares if hop pickers take this train.

1883-Sep-01 Longfield Flower Show and Home Encouragement Society Gravesend Journal
""This society's exhibition was held on Thursday, August 23rd, in the schoolroom, which was admirably decorated and arranged.  From early in the morning till the time the judges arrived, there was a continual flow of exhibitors, of whom the foremost were ladies who came to arrange their table decorations.  The prizes were kindly distributed by Countess Darnley (patroness).  Tea and Coffee were provided at the rectory for the visitors, who came in large numbers directly the doors were opened at 3.30 till they were closed at 7 pm.  Amongst them my be mentioned - Countess Darnley and Lady Alice Bligh, the Rev T P and Mrs Phelps and the Rev L Phelps, Ridley Rectory, the Rev I and Mrs Hills, Ash Rectory, Mrs and Miss Hartley of Hartley, Mrs Barnett and Miss Kinder, Meopham Court, Mrs and Misses Hohler, Fawkham, Miss Lukis and Colonel Fletcher, Mrs Scratton and Mrs Miller, Cobham, Miss Davies and Miss Cawston and G P Brown esq, Rochester.  The prizes were awarded as follows:

Plants - Richard Porter, Mrs Longhurst, Mrs Gilham, Mrs Smith, Mrs Scott, Mr Levi Bean

Bouquets - Mr Brown, V Bennett, Alice Parker, J Chadburn, and Mr Vincent

Vegetables & Fruit - Mr Longhurst, Mr Brown, Mr Geere, Mr H West and Mr Lynds

Needlework etc - Mrs Elkin, Mrs Hopgood, Mrs Ingram, Alice Stevens, E & F Lynds, Mary Driscoll and George Lee

Cookery - Mrs Elkin (cake), Mrs Bean (cake), Mrs Porter (bread)

Gardeners - Table decoration, Mr L Bean; collection of vegetables, Mr L Bean and Mr Rye

Honey - Mr J Lynds

Cards of merit, most tastefully decorated by Miss Lukis were given to - Mrs Evenden for a specimen of point lace, the work of many years; Miss K Hassell for a beautifully arranged centrepiece of cultivated flowers, and also one of wild flowers; Mr J Evenden for centrepiece of cultivated flowers; Mrs Jennings for illuminated Christmas Cards; the Rev P H Jennings for dried flowers and ferns; Mrs Dunn for painting; Miss Trowel for work; and Miss H Haines for work.

A few words of thanks to her ladyship and the exhibitors were next offered by the Rector (the Rev P H Jennings); and the proceedings closed wiht a vote of thanks to the Rector and Mrs Jennings for the immense labour and pains they had bestowed.  Two bouquets of wild flowers were given to Countess Darnley and Lady Alice Bligh.  Mr Sims, gardener to Mrs Bennett, Meopham, and Mr Phillips, gardener to Dr Baber, kindly acted as judges."""

1883-Oct-06 Longfield Tip - Expansion South London Press
"Newington Vestry - The Longfield Depot: The Depot Committee recommended that on economical and sanitary grounds, and with the view of completing the Longfield Depot as a place for the storage and sale of mixture, and, in case of need, house dust, the roadway and docks and lower portion of the depot be paved with such old stone lying in the yard at Manor Place as was not suitable for outside work, and that the comittee be empowered to expend £200 in labour, during the financial year ending Lady Day next, in paving this depot. That the sidings at Longfield be completed, and the engineer of the London, Chatham and Dover Railway Company requested to prepare and submit a plan and estimate of the cost of this work.

Mr Hart, in moving hte adoptio of the report, said the completion of these works was recommended on the score of economy, as well as efficiency.

Mr Side was of opinion that if they were going to make as large a depot at Longfield as they had at Newington, they were making a great mistake.

Mr Poulton said no better work had ever been done by the Vestry than this.  As the parish increased, so it would be advisable to increase the depot at Longfield.

Mr Hart said if Mr Side, who objected to this proposal, had begun to build a house and got towards the roof, he would not be wise man if he went no further, and left the roof off  That was his suggestion in the present case.

The resolution was carried."

1883-Nov-17 Rabies Controls unknown
Dartford Magistrates on learning there may be mad dogs in district, order all animals to be kept under control for 3 months

1883-Dec-01 West Kent Hunt Report unknown
Report of fox hunt which began at Eynsford and ended near Ash Church after 2hr 45min "with no check long enough to eat a sandwich, or get a pull at a flask, and many wanted it"

1884-Feb-02 Bulding Plots for Sale at Longfield Gravesend Reporter
"45 plots of freehold building land, situate close to the Fawkham Station of the London, Chatham and Dover Railway, and the junction with the new Gravesend Railway.

Messrs Willoughby & Son are instructed by the Kent and Essex House Land and General Investment Company Limited to offer for sale by auction, at the Railway Tavern, Fawkham (sic) on Thursday February 21st 1884 at 3 o'clock precisely, in 45 lots, the above eligible building estate, containing 21 plots suitable for the erection of shops and villas, with important frontages to Station Road; and 24 plots in the Main Road leading to Gravesend, for the erection of cottages, which are in great demand in the neighbourhood.

Nine tenths of the purchase money may remain at 5 per cent interest, payable in equal quarterly installment, but the whole or any part of the balance may be paid off at any time without notice.  Free conveyance."  [An important milestone in the development of Longfield, before the railway there was little more than the Church, Court and Railway Tavern at this end of the parish.]

1884-Mar-01 Longfield Church Whitstable Times
"Archdeacon Harrison presided on Thursday at the monthly meeting of the Incorporated Society for Promoting the Enlargement, Building and Repairing of Churches and Chapels.  Among the grants voted was £30 towards the Church of Longfield St Mary, near Gravesend."

1884-Jun-26 Longfield Tip South London Press
"Sir, Having perused the pamphlet of Mr L J Dunham from beginning to end, and although the wisdom of its issue may be somewhat questionable, as a native of the parish of St Mary, Newington, I must say, when opposition to the policy of a majority of the members of our Vestry, lapses into individual persecution, it would be unjust and un-English to deprive that individual of every means of defence, or to condemn him unheard.  Therefore it is to be hoped the ratepayers will give the document in question their thoughtful and impartial consideration, and though they may be opposed to Mr Dunham's course of action in the Vestry, and the line of defence he has adopted, they would do well to remember that hs is an old and efficient srant of the parishioners, and in addition to the many good services he has rendered, it is mainly due to his exertions that the Longfield depot has become, not only a great success, but also a model worthy of imitation by other metropolitan parishes.  I am, Sir, yours faithfully. 'An Englishman' "

[As mentioned elsewhere, the Longfield depot was a highly controversial issue in Newington Vestry.  The clerk Levi Dunham published a leaflet to justify his (and the majority party's) policy, which this anonymous letter writer supported, although he thought Mr Dunham was unwise to break the neutrality expected of officers.]

1884-Aug-11 Gravesend West Railway Line Times
"On Saturday afternoone Mr J S Forbes, the chairman and Sir S Waterlow, the deputy chairman, of the London, Chatham and Dover Railway Company, made an inspection of a new line which will bring Gravesend into communication with the metropolis by the London, Chatham and Dover Railway.  They were accompanied by Captain Godbold, the continental manager; Mr Morgan, the secretary of the company; Mr Harris; Mr G B Bruce jun, the contractor; Mr C Fox, the engineer; and Mr Vigers, the surveyor of the new line; Mr Edmonds, Mayor of Gravesend, and other gentlemen connected with the district and with the London, Chatham and Dover Railway.  Proceeding by special train from Victoria, the company were taken over the new extension, of which only one line of rails is at present laid down, in a train consisting of trucks fitted up for the occasion.  the works, which are in a satisfactory state of progress, were commenced in June last year and are expected to be completed early in 1885.  This new extension, which is to be a double line of about 5 miles in length, branches off from the main line of the London, Chatham and Dover Railway about 20 miles from Victoria between Farningham Road and Fawkham Stations.  In addition to affording a new means of communication between London and Gravesend, the line passes through an important hop growing and market gardening district.  It will also bring Gravesend into connexion with the Midland Railway, the trains of which company run over the London, Chatham and Dover main line.  There will be stations at Southfleet and Rosherville.  The Gravesend Station will be at the corner of West Street and Stuart Road, after which the line will continue about 200 yards, to the end of a pier which is now in the course of construction, and which will extend about 220 feet from the foreshore into the river, almost extactly opposite to the entrance of the new East and West India Docks at Tilbury, and just above the spot off which the ships of the Peninsular and Oriental, the Oriental and other large steamship companies lie.  As there will be 20 feet of water at low tide off this pier, the tenders of the large steamers will be able to take off aor land passengers and goods there at all states of the tide.  It is also expected that there will be a considerable fish traffic to the Central Market in Farringdon Street.  After a completion inspection had been made of the railway and pier works the company were entertained at dinner at the new Falcon Hotel, Gravesend, returning over the new line and by special train to Victoria, which was reached shortly after 11 o'clock."

1884-Sep-06 Sale on Completion of Railway Gravesend Reporter
"To contractors and others - Kent, Gravesend (within 1 mile of Northfleet or Gravesend Station)

Messrs Cronk have received instructions from Mr G Barclay Bruce jun (the contract for the Fawkham and Gravesend Railway beingt nearly completed), to sell by auction at the contractor's yard, Old Dover Road, Gravesend, on Wednesday September 10th 1884 at 10 o'clock, 20 excellent cart horses, very powerful, fit for London contractors or brewer's work, and the usual contractor's plant, comprising 10 collar and 14 chain harnesses, 2 carts, capital dog cart, erection of smith's shop and tools, quantity of picks, shovels, crowbars etc."

1884-Oct-25 Sale of Hartley Manor Bristol Mercury
"Kent - Hartley, one mile of station and 6 miles of Gravesend and Dartford; only 24 miles of town.  An important freehold residential and sporting estate, known as HARTLEY MANOR, charmingly situate on high ground commanding extensive views, comprising an excellent residence, with good stabling and attractive grounds, and 652 acres of very fertile arable, pasture and woodland in a high state of cultivation; 15 cottages and capital farm buildings, with farmhouse, also the manorial rights of the parish.  The woods and covers are especially adapted for shooting and afford perfect sport.  Railway siding on estate.  Possession on completion of purchase.

Messrs Cronk will sell the above by auction, at the Mart, on November 11th 1884 at 2pm in 6 lots.  Particulars of Messrs Farrer & Co, 66 Lincoln's Inn Fields WC; and of Messrs Cronk, 12 Pall Mall SW, and Sevenoaks, Kent."

1884-Nov-14 Accident Averted Kent & Sussex Courier
Extract from report of West Kent Hunt - "…from Court Wood [Longfield] a wary old fox broke at the far end as soon as hounds were in, and went away for West Court Wood, took a ring round, and then led them at a great pace to Hartley Wood, to reach which he had to cross the LC&DR and the pack would have been run into by a train had not the worthy driver pulled up in time."

1884-Nov-15 Longfield Tip - Expansion South London Press
"Newington Vestry - The Longfield Depot

The Depot Committee recommended that they be empowered to expend a further sum of £350 in labour and material in completing the lowering works, the erection of concrete walls, and other works, such as paving etc, necessry to prepare the lower portion of Longfield Depot as a place for the storage, screening, and sale of ashes and breeze.

Mr Nobes, in moving the adoption of the report, said the Longfield Depot was rapidly approaching to a condition of perfection.  All the 7 docks were thoroughly paved, and all the arrangements made for the purpose of receiving the mixture from Newington.  There were other works, however, to be completed before they could obtain complete efficiency, and the committee made these recommendations in accordance with that object. The oney spend over the Longfield Depot had been wisely and judiciously spent, and he was sure that ther successors on that vestry would be grateful to those who had done so much to meet the requirements of the day.  Mr Harvey seconded.

Mr Robinson was opposed to this expenditure altogether.  He thought the ratepayers of the future would regret that there had been gentlemen on that vestry to promote such a scheme.

Mr Smith moved, as an amendment, that the report lie on the table.  The chairman said he could not accept that amendment, as the report had been received.  Mr Smith said that being so, he would move 'that it be referred back' and in the course of his remarks, the chairman had to remind him that he was wandering from the subject, and that time was an object to the vestry.

Mr Clark said to build a cart and only to put one wheel on was idiculous.  It would be equally so not to complete the necessary works ommenced at this depot.  In the future they might have to get rid of the depot at Manor Place.  Then they would find the utility of the depot at Longfield.

Mr Side jun said he would never allow an opportunity to pass without protesting against the expenditure of money at Longfield.  He charged the committee with deliberately misleading the vestry by leaving their present proposals out of the estimates.

The chairman said that was accusing the committee of fraud.  He must ask Mr Side to withdraw (cries of 'withdraw').

Mr Side ultimately withdrew, but said the committee acknowledged this in their report by stating 'that when the £530  was inserted in the estiates, it was understood that this amount would only last till Michaelmas'.

On Mr Side sen rising, Mr Josland wished to know on a point of order whether Mr Side was qualified to sit there as a vestryman.  At Plumstead they had instituted actions against vestrymen who had compounded for their rates.  Mr Side said counsel's opinion had been given in his favour. The chairman said that was not the time to raise such a question as this.  Mr Side then spoke in condemnation of the committee's proposal.

After some further discussion, and a division on an amendment moved by Mr Snell 'That the report be referred back', the committee's recommendation was approved, and the vestry adjourned."

1884-Nov-22 Assault on Bailiff at Longfield Gravesend Reporter
Dartford Magistrates: "George Roots and Joseph Parsons of Longfield, Fawkham, were summoned for assaulting Henry Overy, a county court bailiff, and further with rescuing from him certain goods.  Mr C C Ridley, Dartford, appeared on behalf of the prosecutor, and Mr Louis Lewis, solicitor, Bromley, represented the defendants.  George Edward Pearce, a sub-bailiff at the Dartford County Court, stated that he held a warrant in the name of Wallis v Roots, and about the 4th inst, he left Overy in possession at Root's premises.  Henry Overy, an elderly man, said when in possession Mrs Roots asked him to go into another room which was usually set apart for men who acted as he was then doing (laughter).  When there Mr Roots came in and sadi the matter was settled and that he had better go downstairs.  Witness then proceeded into the hall and saw Parsons standing at the door.  Parsons thereupon said 'Come on, old man; Mr Pearce is waiting outside for you.'  He (Overy) replied, 'Let Mr Pearce come in and fetch me' (laughter).  The defendants then pushed him out the door and threw him down on the steps, and he rolled to the ground.  The following day he returned to Roots' house, and the defendants then pushed him into a barrow and wheeled him from the house into the road, and then threw him out.  The magistates fined the defendants £3 each and costs for the assault and 6d each and costs for the second offence.  The total sum, £9 16s was at once paid."

1884-Nov-24 Rescue at Fawkham Aberdeen Journal
"A plucky action has been performed by Robert Pilbeam, one of the Sittingbourne Rifle Volunteers.  He happened to be at Fawkham, where some men were engaged in sinking a well; they had got to a depth of 80 feet when the rope broke, and let down one of them, injuring his spine and disabling him entirely.  Although none of the poor fellow's comrades woudl go down to his rescue, Pilbeam descended the well and found the injured man in two or three feet of water.  Pilbeam lashed him to the rope, and sent him up to the top, and then waited for the men to haul him up."

[also mentioned briefly in Gravesend Reporter 15.11.1884, who names the injured man as Henry Offer]

1884-Nov-28 Poaching Charge Kent & Sussex Courier
Dartford Magistrates: "William Bignell and William Young were committed for trial on a charge of poaching at Fawkham.  Mr Pook defended and applied for bail, which the bench fixed at £150.  Mr Pook: That is prohibitive and absurd.  The Chairman: Perhaps it is; we don't thank you to tell us that."

1884-Dec-27 Bricks for Sale Gravesend Reporter
Advert: "Bricks! Bricks! Bricks!

Reds, Dark or Pale and moulded bricks to any pattery.  Sound stocks, grissells and place at JJ Hickmott's, Fawkham Brickfields, Fawkham (near Dartford), close to the station.

[so really in Longfield]

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