Newspaper Stories 1920-1929 - Hartley-Kent: The Website for Hartley

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Newspaper Stories 1920-1929

DateNewspaperItem
24.01.1920Gravesend ReporterLadies club meeting with much success
27.02.1920Sevenoaks ChronFavourable report on fabric of Hartley School by KCC architect (details)
27.03.1920TimesOld Downs for sale with 22½ acres, description
17.04.1920Gravesend ReporterDartford RDC - improvements to Ash-Longfield Road
17.04.1920Gravesend ReporterAdvert for sale of building land at Merton Avenue & Woodland Avenue
24.04.1920Gravesend ReporterHedley Symons hon sec. of Longfield Tennis Club
15.07.1920Daily MirrorAdvert for Beauty Products - Fletcher, Timber Cottage
03.08.1920Times"Derilict farms reclaimed - Kent Committee's success… At Hartley land, Fawkham, the committee have taken over a derilict building site of 55½ acres of arable land. Of this 9½ acres are sown with winter oats after wheat last season. This does not look promising, although some improvement is shown since they have been top dressed with 1½ cwt of sulphate of ammonia per acre. Of 15 acres of Arran Chief Potatoes, 10 acres are after barley and the remainder after wheat. Considering the nature of the land the crops here are exceptionally promising" (Woodland Avenue, Gresham Avenue, Larksfield, Wellfield Estate)
14.08.1920Gravesend ReporterCricket - Hartley beat APCM by 47 runs; C Ellerby made 21
20.08.1920Kent & Sussex CourierHarding v Symons (of Heort Lea), plaintiff awarded £6 for delays in delivery of wood
17.09.1920Daily HeraldAustrian Childen at Fairby (see article)
02.10.1920Gravesend ReporterLandowner at Hoselands Hill giving up land for road improvements
30.10.1920Gravesend ReporterPost Office agrees to move telegraph pole 12' at Hoselands Hill
13.11.1920Gravesend ReporterAuction of 6 building plots at Merton Ave & Woodlands Ave
20.11.1920Evesham StandardCosten (of the Homestead, Church Road) - 1,200 apple and pear trees for sale, 1-3 foot circumference
27.11.1920Gravesend ReporterRequests from parish meeting for Ash Road improvements
25.12.1920Gravesend ReporterDartford RDC reccommends widening Fairby-Black Lion section of Ash Rd
01.01.1921Daily ExpressReview of Bancks - Harvest of Hives
18.01.1921Western Daily PressFavourable review of Wilfred Mansfield, appearing in Remembrance at Theatre Royal, Bristol
19.02.1921Gravesend ReporterDartford RDC - road improvements at Hartley
12.03.1921Gravesend ReporterAuction of Hartley House (cf 16.4.1921)
23.04.1921Gravesend ReporterCoal Shortage - permits from Mr Sutch of Hextable
23.04.1921TimesHartley House for sale; hall, 3r, billiard rm; 6 beds, stabling, garage with servant's quarters above
07.05.1921Gravesend ReporterCoal Emergency - drastic changes to rail service from Gravesend
14.05.1921Gravesend ReporterW Braybrook of Hartley lowest tender for 6 houses in village for RDC
28.05.1921Gravesend ReporterCricket - Hartley all out for 17 against Horton Kirby.
02.06.1921TimesFairby Estates - 1 acre plots for sale, 1 minute from station.
07.06.1921Daily HeraldMiners' children at Fairby
11.06.1921Gravesend ReporterWar Memorial - Dartford RDC approval
25.06.1921Gravesend ReporterCricket - A Humphrey scores 21 and takes 8-17 in victory over L/field
09.07.1921Gravesend ReporterTrains - improved service after end of coal strike
13.07.1921Times"Barrister offers holiday quarters for men; 3 guineas inclusive - Mrs Dashwood, The Gun Hut, Hartley"
23.07.1921Gravesend ReporterCricket - Hartley dismiss Westwood Star for just 6
13.08.1921Gravesend ReporterInquest at Mission Hall, Longfield on Lewis Rootes (address not given)
03.09.1921Gravesend ReporterHarold Green of Hartley Green fined £10 for receiving stolen leather
18.09.1921Daily HeraldPicture of children of imprisoned Poplar councillors going to stay at Fairby
20.10.1921GuardianMiss Grace Costin to be headmistress of new Fairby Reformatory School, opening next month
12.11.1921TimesFairby given certificate to become a reformatory school for up to 20 (see article)
21.01.1922Gravesend ReporterShaws Laundries to resume collections in Hartley (Thursdays)
27.01.1922Kent & Sussex CourierProblems of Juvenile Offenders conference - Miss Costin of Fairby Reformatory School speech (see article)
28.01.1922Gravesend ReporterConcert in Club Room by Eric Robillard's Company
28.01.1922Gravesend ReporterSt Dunstans National Whist Drive - qualifying round at Old Downs
28.01.1922Gravesend ReporterBuses - new Gravesend - Dartford service via Longfield
16.02.1922Freemans JournalDublin court makes Robert Hamilton Edwards bankrupt (he had lent Small Owners' Ltd money)
25.02.1922Gravesend ReporterFor sale: Woodcroft, Ash Road
07.04.1922Sevenoaks ChronWest Kingsdown beat Hartley 4-1 in Ash and District Football cup
15.04.1922Gravesend ReporterDartford RDC - no progress about planned 6 houses in Hartley
06.05.1922Gravesend ReporterAuction of plots 114-123, 332-338 on Fawkham Park Estate (Wellfield &c)
20.05.1922Gravesend ReporterAuction of outlying parts of Mr Hohler's Fawkham Manor Estate
03.06.1922Gravesend ReporterCatholic Feast and Procession at Hartley
21.06.1922Sydney Evening NewsSolicitors looking for Thomas Martin, formerly of Hartley, last heard of at Sydney, Australia
24.06.1922Gravesend ReporterWar Memorial: contractor begins work
01.07.1922Gravesend ReporterCounty Court: alleged damage to Mr Bassano's fence by horse
01.07.1922Gravesend ReporterFor sale: Coppice Lea, Church Road
29.08.1922TimesFairby Grange for sale, description
31.08.1922TimesFor sale £1,150 with description of smallholding (Hillside House, Grange Lane) (see article)
02.09.1922Gravesend ReporterFor sale: Grafton House, Ash Road
02.09.1922Yorkshire PostMiss Costin of Fairby Reformatory School speaks at National Union of Societies for Equal Citizenship
19.10.1922Times13 acre poultry farm 1 mile from Longfield Station for sale
02.01.1923Daily MirrorFrederick Welch writes about suicide in Roman times
16.02.1923Dartford ChronicleBarlow v Symons, 30 shillings damages for trespass by defendant's horses. Plaintiff said to be squatter.
18.08.1923Yorkshire PostVarious properties in Hartley for sale by DTR Gray
22.08.1923N/A9½ acres of land at Fairby to be used for growing plants or cut flowers to beautify Bermondsey borough
23.08.1923Sussex Agricultural ExpressSale of poultry and equipment at The Poultry Farm by J W Harwood (Highfields, Manor Drive) (see article)
01.09.1923Folkestone HeraldSale of 4 acres and 900 fruit trees at The Limit, Ash Road (see article)
05.09.1923TimesLarge areas of building land to be auctioned in Longfield by executors
10.09.1923TimesSale of The Retreat, Longfield and 1-6 Mabel Cottages (let at £130.12 pa) and 4 Court Villas
28.09.1923Daily MirrorFrederick Welch writes to say birdsong is best when heard in the wild
28.12.1923Bucks ExaminerErnest Gee of Hartley Grange - success in local poultry show (see article)
15.05.1924The StageAdvert by Jimmie Gordon of the Croft, Ash Road
25.05.1924Dartford ChronicleBreak in at Hartley Cooperative Stores (now Hartley Garage), two from Gravesend sent for trial at Quarter Sessions (see article)
30.06.1924TimesMiss Davies-Cooke secretary of Association for Perpetual Adoration RC mission charity
18.07.1923N/AFairby Grange given to Bermondsey Council as home for mothers and babies, Neville Chamberlain, health secretary approves scheme provided no government money is used
25.07.1924N/AObituary in Canadian paper of Amy Cathcart (nee Alchin), born Hartley 1870
26.07.1924TimesEstate of Mrs Katherine Waley Cohen of Old Downs - £14,663
28.07.1924TimesOpening of Fairby Grange Convalescent Home
02.08.1924British Medical Journal"A Municipal Convalescent Home for Mothers and Babies" (see article)
23.08.1924Folkestone HeraldNew subscriber to Longfield telephone exchange: Small Owners Ltd, Hartley Manor, Longfield 37.
02.10.1924Times9 room freehold house for sale £1,550. Apply Nairn
24.10.1924TimesFairby Grange for sale, description
10.01.1925Gravesend ReporterHartley Conservatives Fancy Dress Ball
01.04.1925Sheffield Daily Telegraph6 room bungalow for sale with 1 acre £940. Apply Parkin
30.05.1925Gravesend ReporterOfficial notice of plans to extend area of Gravesend Electric Lighting Order 1898 and Gravesend (extension to Northfleet) electric Lighting Order 1905, and to amend area of West Kent Electric Co Ltd accordingly
06.06.1925Gravesend ReporterInquest - suicide of Alice Woodford (43) widow and housekeeper of Wickham Cottages, Fawkham
09.06.1925Sheffield Daily Telegraph6 room bungalow 25 x 160 feet site. £700. Apply Gray, Bank Buildings
27.06.1925Gravesend ReporterExtract from Hartley Parish Magazine republished
27.06.1925Gravesend ReporterCricket teams for Longfield and Fawkham
27.06.1925Gravesend ReporterGravesend Council approve resolution to extend powers of their electricity company to Longfield, Fawkham and Hartley
03.07.1925Sussex Agricultural Express4 bedroom house for sale - rosemorran, Hartley
11.07.1925Gravesend ReporterPorter Putt Fletcher - auction of "The Limit", Hartley, 4b, 2r, 1 bath, 2½ acres and 700 tree orchard
11.07.1925Kent MessengerDartford Board of Guardians buys 68 poultry, sheds and equipment for £32 from AC Farrow of Hartley Court.
25.07.1925Gravesend Reporter13 year old son of motor contractor of Minchin Cottage, Hartley taken to Gravesend Hospital with broken arm
25.07.1925Kent MessengerWilliam Sale (13) of Minchin Cottage admitted to Gravesend Hospital with fractured arm
01.08.1925Gravesend ReporterHartley girl passes piano exam
01.08.1925Gravesend ReporterObituary of George William Taylor of Longfield
01.08.1925Kent MessengerJames Scholing of Snodland fined 40s and 10/6 doctor's fee for being drunk in charge of vehicle at Longfield
08.08.1925Gravesend ReporterDartford UDC buying new motorised fire engine
15.08.1925Gravesend ReporterLongfield Garden fete for Longfield Hill Mission Church repairs; list of stallholders
15.08.1925Kent MessengerGertrude Lena Hensman granted divorce on grounds of cruelty by her husband John Henry of Woodcroft (see article)
22.08.1925Gravesend ReporterBig report on Hartley etc Horticultural Society Exhibition at Hartley Manor. Picture of champion cottage gardener from Ridley
22.08.1925Kent MessengerDetailed report of flower show at Hartley
29.08.1925Gravesend ReporterHorse belonging to Longfield man was grazing on Rectory Meadow, Hoselands Hill when it fell over the "cliff like" edge and fell 8 feet onto the road, breaking its neck
29.08.1925Kent MessengerHorse belonging to John Foster was grazing in Hartley Rectory Meadow when it broke through wire fence and broke its back.
29.08.1925Gravesend ReporterLongfield Cottage Gardeners' exhibition
05.09.1925Gravesend ReporterBuilding plans passed for timber framed bungalow near All Saints Church; brick bungalow in Church Road, and to convert army hut into bungalow at Stack Road
05.09.1925Gravesend ReporterObituary of Fred Gear (63) of Brickey's Row, Longfield
12.09.1925Gravesend ReporterWI has agreed to buy plot of land near the Co-op Stores and building will commence shortly
12.09.1925Gravesend ReporterRC Bishop of Southwark visits St Francis de Sales and says 8.30am mass
12.09.1925Gravesend ReporterPorter Putt Fletcher - auction of Hartley Cottage, just off main road, 2 living rooms, usual offices, 4 beds, and ½ acre of land planted with fruit trees
19.09.1925Gravesend ReporterObituary of Samuel Walter Newcomb of the Gables, lived 30 years in Court Villas Longfield, moved to Hartley quite recently
28.09.1925Sheffield Daily TelegraphWestfield, Church Road for sale - £1,150. Apply - Barfield
03.10.1925Gravesend ReporterReprint of article from Hartley Parish Magazine
10.03.1925TimesHartley Poultry Farm for sale
04.03.1926TimesSale of 5 bed bungalow, 5a of land with henhouses, incubators, stoves etc. 400 Wyandottes, 1,550 bush apples. £1,600 FH, Trapps & Co, 102 Sydenham Road SE26. Another 7 room house & 3 a in Longfield 250/300 Leghorns & Wyandottes, FH £1,950, Trapps & Co
05.03.1926TimesGardner (single handed) wanted, good wages and cottage. Hartley House
27.03.1926TimesSupposed Roman Villa at Hartley
02.04.1926Kent & Sussex CourierSupposed Roman Villa at Hartley
24.04.1926Gravesend ReporterPublic enquiry at Gravesend Town Hall over borough's plans to bring electricity to Hartley, Longfield and Fawkham (see article)
01.05.1926East Kent GazetteNew House Farm for sale (along with North Ash Farm)
03.08.1926TimesBy order of Col J Waley Cohen, sale of Old Downs 12 bed, 3 recep, 2 bath, "beautifully kept parklike grounds" FH for sale at low price with either 22 or 70 acres
13.08.1926Kent & Sussex CourierOld downs for sale (see article)
18.09.1926GraphicDrawing of Oast Cottage, Ash Road in article by J C Kershaw about Darent Valley
02.10.1926Norwood NewsA M McAllister of Mavis Bank, Church Road, given lease to run sub-post office in Long Lane, Norwood
22.10.1926Kent & Sussex CourierInquest on Ernest Backhouse of Woodlands, Ash Road (see article)
29.10.1926Dartford ChronicleJohn Almond to be evicted from Sacristy Cottage (see article)
26.11.1926Bucks ExaminerObituary of Harold Walklate, former Lay Reader of Hartley Church
03.01.1927Times"Expert coaching for all examinations for Army, Navy, Universities and professions. Many successes. Prospectus from Mr J R Stickland MA Cantab Wrangler, The Old Downs, Hartley"
25.02.1927Dartford ChronicleCounty Court: Martin & Stilles v Sales, damage to plaintiff's vehicle (see article)
05.03.1927TimesBirth of dau to Cdr Thomas and Joan Mallet Morgan (The Birches, Ash Road)
29.06.1927TimesBlackcurrant bushes for sale at The Stoep, Fairby Lane
23.07.1927East Kent GazetteOutbreak of Foot and Mouth disease at Hunton, Hartley etc in 15 mile restricted area
01.09.1927TimesStation comes 4th in Southern Railway horticultural competition
25.11.1927Dartford ChroniclePercy Edwards fined 7s 6d for riding bike without light at Hartley
03.12.1927TimesMr J A O'Brien from The Stoep, Hartley says retailers will not sell date stamped eggs because it would then be obvious how old "new laid" eggs really are
13.01.1928Dartford ChronicleFrederick Chuter - alleged dangerous driving at New Cross (see article)
26.01.1928McIntosh County DemocratOrigin of name of Three Gates Road (see article)
27.01.1928Dartford ChronicleLandlord of Green Man, Longfield, fined £10 for after hours drinking. William Boucher of Hartley fined £5 for being one of the drinkers.
28.01.1928TimesMr Wilkins, male cook to Morgans seeks position
03.03.1928Dartford ChronicleOrder for demolition of house of Edward Barlow in Merton Avenue (see article)
09.03.1928Dartford ChronicleErnest Wilfred Murray charged with deserting his wife Kathleen Murray of Hartley, ordered to pay her 30 shillings a week maintenance
04.04.1928Sheffield Daily TelegraphP Harris - 4 bed house for sale £1,300
04.05.1928Dartford ChronicleThefts from cigarette machine at Fairby Stores, man fined (see article)
17.05.1928Dartford ChronicleBarlow v Sale. County court rejects £100 claim for road accident (see article)
15.06.1928Dartford ChronicleWilliams v Lynds and others. Sale of flints dug from land in Gorsewood Road (see article)
20.07.1928Kent & Sussex CourierMrs Robertson wins runner up prizes at West Kent WI show for Redcurrants and Sweet Peas
21.07.1928Folkestone HeraldCampkin Brothers win prizes for poultry at Kent County Show
11.01.1929London GazetteHGVs banned from Hartley Bottom Road, Grange Lane, Church Road, Castle Hill
10.11.1929Sunday MirrorWooden house belonging to St Michael's School burns down (see article)
10.12.1929Western Morning NewsTrees from nursery at Fairby used to beautify Bermondsey Borough
13.12.1929Kent & Sussex CourierMiss Jane Foote Maxton wins prizes at Tonbridge Cattle Show for fat sows and porkers
27.12.1929Beaudesert News (Queensland)"The Angel of the Slums" - health visitors in Bermondsey, mentions home for mothers at Fairby
17 September 1920 - "Enemy Children"
Daily Herald (Felix Morley)
Even after WW1 ended the British did not stop the blockade of Germany and Austria, which led to famine.  Dr Salter made over his home at Fairby to help starving children recover.  The Charity Save the Children was set up by Eglantine Jebb as part of the same effort. She was a true modern saint who was arrested for her efforts to tell the truth about what British foreign policy was doing to the children of Austria.  The judge in her case paid her fine because he was so impressed with her.

Little  8 year old Anton Marsidoechek had fallen into the flower-bed.  How,  nobody could exactly discover, although there was evidence that Anton  Plattensteiner had pushed him in.  As with the war, there were  dissentient opinions over causes, but concerning the consequetn material  disaster there could be no argument.  Five bright geraniums lay crushed  and broken, and obviously it would be weeks before that side of he bed  could regain its normal beauty.  This Mr Rose, the gardener, sorrowfuly  explained in words of which Anton understood the meaning.   Tears of  utter misery flowed over on to his cheeks.  He took the gardener's big  brown hand, and chokingly affirmed that he was sehr, sehr traurig.  Mr  Rose is a true and tender hearted man, and he remembers that it is for  something more than military victory that his own boy sleeps beneath the  flowers in France.

Including the two Antons  there are 20 Viennese children at Fairby Grange, where this incident  occurred the other day.  In age they range from 8 to 13, and they are  now domiciled in England for a stay of at least 6 months, perhaps a  year.  All were memebers of the first installment of 500, brought to  this country from the wreck of Austria by the Fight the Famine Council,  and they are now being cared for under the general relief programme of  the Society of Friends.

Fairby Grange itself,  situated but 25 miles from London, is such a spot as one would like to  see available to disinherited children the world over.  20 acres of  garden, orchard, and pasture surround the old oak-timbered homestead.   There is a fern-ringed pond where tadpoles and lizards lurk, and there  is also a barn which is readily adaptable for theatrical purposes on  rainy days. In the barnyards is found almost every type of domestic  animal, while a croquet lawn is hidden in the heart of the garden.   Further away from the house is a field, now marked out for football and  sports, and more woods where wild flowers and many berries grow.

To  this children's paradise came, ten weeks ago, the score of ragged  little waifs who form its present happy tenants.  Let it be said right  away that they do not resemble the ghastly specimens of skin and bone  one reads about and sees depicted as typical of Austria's youth today.   Those who are chosen to come to England ar eall of pre-war birth, and  are also, I believe, selected on the stern but perhaps merciful  principle that only such as can be brought back to complete health are  woth the trouble of saving.  Now, after their regimen of wholesome food  and country air, the children here would be a normal group were not  several so pale and undersized.

The attitude of  the older boys towards the war is interesting.  All are lads of  spirit, and of just that age when a childish patriotism might be  expected to rule their thoughts on this subject.  Furthermore, there is  not one of them without close relatives on the long list of his  country's killed.  Yet one finds in these litte scions of a ruined  empire a breath of viewpoint sometimes lacking in the victors.  'Austria  didn't want the war,' they assert.  'Franz Joseph signed the  mobilisation decree against his will.  Aber Kaiser Wilhelm war  blutduratig.  He forced us in.  He wanted Germany to rule the world.'   And one boy added - 'Besides we had to fight because Serbia wanted to  destroy our empire.  Serbia was to us like Ireland is to England, you  know.'

Of more present concern are the stories  of the ghastly conditions in Vienna in the closing days of war and  since.  One boy tells of a street scene in front of his home a week  before the armistice was signed.  A military automobile knocked down and  killed a mongrel dog.  Passers-by fought for the possession of the  carcass, literally tearing the animal to pieces in their anxiety to  obtain 'fresh meat' for the family table.  A girl lost her Persian cat  to the same end, and no pets, it seems, were safe from 'the men who went  about the streets with sacks.'  Every child at Fairby today is familar  with the taste of horse and dog and cat.

One  could dwell at length on details of the present reconstructive life  these children.  I would like to tell of the sweet old German songs they  sing in chorus on their walks; of the painstaking picture of Fairby  Grange Walter has drawn and painted in order that his mother may have an  idea of his English home; of the zeal with which many apply themselves  to learning English and French (which last half-a-dozen studied during  the war and insist on continuing); of their interest in chess, which  several play remarkably well, and football, in which they are also  proficient; of the dainty theatre they have fitted up in the barn, where  they improvise their own plays.

Just children -  sometimes a little mischievous, a little tiresome, a little naughty,  but always interesting and appealing - such must be one's final  judgement on the quaint community now living on the charity of their  conquerors at Fairby Grange.  Just children, but also embryo directors  of the fate of Europe, who will never forget the kindness shown the by  the English during a crucial formative period of their lives.  Aveerage  little mortals they are, and concerning the like of them it was said  nearly 2,000 years ago, that 'whosover shall receive this child in My  name receiveth Me.'



12 November 1921 - Fairby Grange Reformatory School
The Times 12.11.1921
Kent and Sussex Courier 27.1.1922
Miss Costin also spoke in similar terms at the National Union for Equal Citizenship at Oxford (Yorkshire Post 2.9.1922)

Times 12.11.1921
The Home Secretary has issued a certificate under the Children Act 1908, that the premises known as Fairby Grange, near Fawkham, Kent, are fit for the reception of girls sent to a reformatory school, the number of inmates not to exceed 20.

Kent and Sussex Courier 27.1.1922 Problems of Juvenile Offenders - meeting at Tunbridge Wells
A demand for a proper Children's Court was made at a public meeting, held at the Town Hall, Tunbridge Wells, on Saturday, under the auspices of the Fellowship of Reconciliation, to discuss the problems of juvenile delinquncy.

Councillor Miss A Scott who presided, remarked that the meeting was opportunely held, for a Tunbridge Wells they now had a policewoman and a woman probation officer, while upon the county bench they had Miss Alice Puckle.  In the new Chief Constable (Captain Hector) they had one who realised tha the glory of the police force was not so much in catching criminals and putting them under lock and key, but rather the prevention of crime and the extension of a helping hand to men and women to becoe good citizens.  Tehre was a avery real need, however, for a real Juvenile Court, quite apart fro the ordinary court, with special magistrates who would take a personal interest in the cases they might have to deal with and to whom the excellent Probation Officers (Mr G H Rogers and Miss Florence Owen) could frequently report.  There was also a need for a special home for juvenile offenders, and one such had just been established in Kent at Fairby Grange, which should do a work of tremendous usefulness.  The National Council of Women Workers was urging the Home Secretary to set up a special committee to consider anew the question of the treatment of juvenile delinquents along new reformative lines.

Miss Grace Costin, Warden of Fairby Grange School, said the best description of a juvenile delinquent was that of "a kid that had been found out", given by a young offender.  There were a very large number of uncaught juvenile delinquents, and very few people could say they had never taken anything which did not belong to them.  She confessed that he had - and stuck to it!  In the minds of youngsters there were very good reasons for theft, gnerally to satisfy the craving for amusements.  Few stole for the love of stealing.  She did not feel that those cases could be dealt with in reformatory schools on present lines, and she thought the sentences were too long.  The juveniles sent to a reformatory fo a lengthy period had a deep seated idea that it was unadulterated punishment and not an effort to reform them.  She wuld suggest sentences of 6 months to a year, certainly never more than 2 years.  Ultimately she felt they would not want reformatories, but would substitute them with a system whereby child offenders would be taken away from a bad environment and placedout among decent families.  It was no good putting juveniles who had done about the same thing together.  Miss Costin proceeded to detail the ideals and methods at Fairby Grnage School, which was a new experiment in penal reform.  Here they endeavoured to create the family spirit, giving to the girls trust and responsibility.  If the venture was ultimately found not to prove a financial success she hoped it would be a spiritual and moral success, which would make it well worth while.  Love was the great power, and without the love of God there could be no permanent good done.

The Rev F G Knott, in proposing a vote of thanks, said the speaker had held up a glorious vision of women's work, while Miss Hughes MA in seconding, remarked that there would be great hope for the future of all children if they were brought under similar kindly influence as as Fairby Grange.

The motion was carried and Miss Scott was also thanked for presiding.


31 August 1922 - Hillside, Grange Lane, for sale
The Times
Description of a typical smallholding at the time.

Kent - modern house, redecorated, brick and rough cast, 6 rooms, box and bath; 2 acres, 300 fruit trees, poultry houses for 300, goathouse, brooder house, 4 sties; company's water; 2 miles Fawkham Station.  Would sell furniture.  Lovely secluded spot, £200 can remain.  Freehold £1,150 only - owner occupier, Irene House, Hartley, Longfield.


23 August 1923 - Sale at Hartley Poultry Farm
Sussex Agricultural Express
James Harwood lived at Highfields, Manor Drive.

To poultry farmers - The Poultry Farm Hartley
1½ miles from Fawkham Station

1,000 pure-bred leghorns, including 600 April and May hatch pullets and 50 selected cockerels (Cam, Barron and Collinson strains).

Bay, cob gelding
Seven 150 egg incubators
28 poultry houses (The majority built by J Halsall, Kirkham, Lancs)
Brooder House (60 feet by 15 feet), 17 foster mothers, chaff cutter, harness, market cart, light trap, hen coops, egg boxes, iron corn bins, large quantity wire netting, timber etc.

Mr E J Parker is instructed by Mr J W Harwood to sell the above by auction, on Friday, September 7th, 1923 at 12 o'clock.....


1 September 1923 - Sale of land at Fairby Lane
Folkestone Herald
The Limit was a smallholding sold by Small Owners Limited, the house is now called Ambleside.  The road referred to is probably Fairby Lane.

Four acres planed orchard land; about 900 trees; part of gentleman's small holding; mile Fawkham Station; in charming village abutting on main road; frontage 340 feet on private road; water supply; most suitable erection bungalow; only wants seeing; low price; including crop apples if sold immediately - Apply, The Limit, Hartley, Kent.


28 December 1923 - Mr Ernest Gee's Show Successes
Bucks Examiner

Many old friends of Mr Ernest Gee (formerly of Chesham and now of Hartley Grange, Longfield Kent) will be glad to hear of his poultry show successes in his first year at the Kent shows.  At the Kent county show he had a 1st, 2nd and vhc; at Gravesend, two firsts, a third and a fourth; Faversham, two firsts and a third; Dartford, two firsts; Canterbury, first, second and third; and with seven birds at Olympia last week he was awarded three thirds, two fourths, a reserve and a vhc.


25 May 1924 - Shop Breaking at Hartley
Dartford Chronicle
The Hartley Cooperative Stores is now Hartley Garage.

Two youths named Henry George Payne and George Thomas Cracknell, said to have no fixed abode, were charged at Dartford Police Court on Saturday before Alderman J Lawrence Mitchell (in the chair), Messrs F S Putland and A J Penney, with shop breaking at the Hartley Co-operative Stores on the night of April 15th-16th, and stealing tubes of soap, boot polish, tooth brushes, knife polish, candles and an attache case etc.
Superintendent Fowle said the prisoners were only arrested at Gravesend the previous night, and he had not completed the case.  He asked for a remand till Tuesday.
Detective-Sergeant Stutchfield said he arrested the two at Gravesend the previous day, and Payne made a lengthy statement.  He went to a house in Queen Street and recovered articles produced in court.
The two were remanded as requested by the police.
When the pair were brought up on Tuesday, Mr A M Fleet was in the chair.  It was stated that the stolen property was valued at 30 shillings.
William Charles Wise of Melba, Hartley, secretary to the Hartley Co-operative Society, which is registered under the Friendly Societies Act, said he closed he stores about 4.30 on the night of April 15th.  On the following morning he found things lying on the floor of the shop, and then noticed that other things had been taken away.  He subsequently discovered that a window at the side of the store had been broken and a pane of glass removed.  He reported the matter to the police, and on the morning of the 19th he was shown an attache case and a number of other articles by Superintendent Fowle, which he identified as having been stolen.
Albert Alfred Holder, of 53 and 54 Stonebridge Hill, Northfleet, a restaurant keeper, said at 5 o'clock on the morning of April 16th, the two prisoners came into his shop and asked for tea and bread and dripping.  The attache case (produced) was beside them while they ate, and Cracknell asked him if he would buy some candles and matches, and showed him the contents of the case, offering to sell the whole for 9 shillings.  Witness became suspicious at this, and sent for the police.  Nobody came, however, and with a view of holding the prisoners, witness bought 3 or 4 candles.  He kept them about three quarters of an hour, and in the course of conversation they said they were waiting for someone to open in Northfleet so that they could sell the things.  Ultimately the two left his shop.
Cracknell: Do you mean to say you sent for the police and they did not come? You did not send for them.  You might as well tell the truth.  Why did they not come?
Witness: That is their business not mine.
It was explained that a messenger sent by witness for the police went to the wrong house, and as a result the police never got the message.
Edward Adams, 41 Queen Street, Gravesend, said on the night of April 14th Cracknell came into his shop with another man, a local shopkeeper, to buy goods.  The other man bought a razor, and gave it to Cracknell.  On the 15th they came to the shop again, and the tradesman made further purchases.  On the 16th both the prisoners came to the shop with the attache case produced.  Cracknell said he was going away, and asked him to buy the case and contents.  Witness looked at the contents and said, "It is a funny collection for you to have," adding that he already had plenty of stock of that kind, and Cracknell said they wanted 10 shillings for the things, and witness asked where they came from.  Cracknell said they had been bought from time to time from men in public houses.  Witness ulitmately bought all that was offered for 5 shillings.  On the evening of the 18th a detective of the Gravesend police came to his shop, and he gave up the articles.
At the conclusion of witness's evidence Cracknell said he would like to see witness after the court.  The clerk remarked that he dare say the police would allow him an opportunity.
Detective Sergeant Stutchfield said on the afternoon of the 18th he went with Superintendent Fowle to Gravesend , and later in the day he arrested Cracknell and told him he would be charged with shopbreaking.  He replied, "I am innocent."  A little later he saw Payne in the Market Place, Gravesend, and questioned him.  He replied, "I will tell you the truth," and went on to say that he met Cracknell, who said he knew where he could lay his hands on some ready money.  He was hard up at the time, and had no tea, and said, "All right.  Where is it?"  Cracknell said where it was, and about 9.45pm they set out to walk to Longfield, and then to the Hartley Stores, where Cracknell took a window out and they got in.  He also said where the stuff had been sold.  About 10.30 on the same evening witness went to 41a Queen Street, the residence of the witness Adams, and was handed the case and articles (produced).  He charged both prisoners at Dartford Police Station, and they made no reply. On the morning of April 19th he served Cracknell with a copy of the statement made by Payne and Cracknell made a statement (produced), in which he said Payne agreed to go to Hartley to "do a job".  They broke the window together, adn Payne went in and handed the stuff out to him.  They shared the proceeds.  The statement continued, "I should not have done it, but I was down and out.  I was waiting for a ship, and should have got it on Wednesday, but I could not go on till then on nothing."
Prisoners were committed for trial at the Quarter Sessions.
Cracknell said he was the oldest and would "take the job on his own and let this boy go free."  He added, "It can be done."
The younger prisoner (Payne) was admitted to bail on the application of his stepfather, who is an employee of the Gravesend Corporation.


2 August 1924 - A Municipal Convalescent Home for Mothers and Babies
British Medical Journal

The first municipal convalescent home for mothers and babies in this country was officially opened on July 26th by Mr Wheatley, Minister of Health.  Fairby Grange which is at Fawkham, Kent, was given to Bermondsey Borough Council a year ago by Dr Alfred Salter, at that time MP for Bermondsey.  The Minister, in his opening speech, spoke of the cooperative spirit which is beginning to characterise public life today.  The fact that the ratepayers of Bermondsey had realised that a farthing rate was being well spent in providing convalescence for mothers who would not otherwise be able to take a holiday showed that they had realised it was the business of the community to attend to the affairs of its weaker members.  The attitude of the Ministry of Health was sympathetic towards all schemes likely to further maternity and child welfare, which he considered to be the cornerstone of public health work today.  In welcoming Mr Wheatley, Mrs Salter, the chairman of the Maternity and Child Welfare Committee, said that Bermondsey was proud of the fact that the maternal mortality per 1,000 births for last year was 1.37.  Although the infantile mortality was still very high, 76, yet it was the lowest Bermondsey had reached.  Ten years ago, before the first health visitor was appointed, it was 159.  The home is a comfortable 16th century manor house standing in 23 acres of ground; it has all modern conveniences, and is well adapted to accommodate 16 mothers and babies.


15 August 1925 - Hensman: Separation Order
Kent Messenger
John Henry Hensman (1887-1955) married Gertrude Lena Reckin (1885-1955) in 1909.  In 1911 they were living at 42 Bolton Road, Wealdstone.  In spite of what is said in this case, she was not German having been born in Kilburn to German parents.  By 1931 she was back living in Wealdstone.

Hartley Man's "£60 a week"
John Henry Hensman, Woodcroft, Hartley, was summoned by his wife for persistent cruelty.

Mr Norman T Baynes, for complainant, said the parties were married at Brondsbury in September 1909, and there were 3 children.  They first lived at Harrow, where the husband was a jeweller.  The wife was an expert worker of a knitting machine, and ultimately defendant started manufacturing underwear on an extensive scale at Hither Green, where he employed a number of girls to operate knitting machines.  At one time he was making £60 profit weekly.  In 1922 the parties purchased a house at Longfield.  The husband was now in financial difficulty.  Trouble between the parties became acute in 1923, and since then defendant has been guilty of repeated acts of cruelty towards his wife.  On May 15th, on account of defendant's cruelty, the wife lefet the house at Longfield and went to live with her mother at Chesham, Berks.

Gertrude Lena Hensman said the first act of cruelty was in November 1923.  Her husband kicked her while she was sitting in a chair because she complained that he came home late.  He purchased a motor car about that time.  On March 4th 1924, defendant gave her a black eye without any cause at all.

The Chairman: No quarrel?

Complainant: I do not quarrel.  She added that she continued to live with defendant until May, but then, on account of his cruelty, she went to live with her sister at Dulwich.

Answering further questions, complainant said that her husband ill treated her almost every other day.  On one occasion he got hold of her and banged her head against the wall.  On May 10th he punched her on the mouth, causing it to bleed, because she would not consent to go to Australia with him.  Once he set fire to a newspaper which she was reading, and at another time set fire to a table cloth.  He also smashed crockery, furniture, and a manicure set, and other things belonging to her he put in the copper.  The house was in her name.

Herbert Henry Meddick, Longfield, Hartley, a neighbour, said on one occasion he saw complainant with her face badly discoloured.  On several occasions he had noticed tht she had been ill treated.  She seemed to be in fear of her life.  Witness and his wife met complainant on the road one night.  She said she was frightened to go into the house.

Clifford Henry Hensman, the eldest son, said he was living with his mother at Chesham.  Last Christmas night, on returning from a party, his father tried to throttle his mother and hit witness about the face.  He used to kick her legs and make her cry.

Defendant, who admitted certain acts of cruelty, said friction was caused in the first place through a relative of his wife who was interned during the war, and for whom he held goods and money.  The knitting business had failed and he was a bankrupt.  He disagreed with his wife, who was of German origin, on the bringing up of the children.  A good deal of trouble was caused by his wife, trying to instil into the minds of the children ideas he did not approve of.  When his wife left the house she sent three men to take away the furniture.  Some money he had in a wardrobe was also taken.  He had found a purchaser for the property at Longfield and his wife would get the money from that after a mortgage had been paid.  He was working as a farm labourer and was paid 8d an hour.

The Bench granted the wife a separation and custody of the children, and ordered the defendant to pay 15 shillings (75p) a week.

The Chairman said if the circumstances changed it was open to either of the parties to apply to the court for a vacation of the order.


24 April 1926 - Electricity for Hartley?
Gravesend Reporter
Gravesend Borough Council were applying for their municipal company to supply electricity to outlying parishes, including Hartley.  They were opposed by the West Kent Electricity Company, in whose area Hartley was.  However it does look like an attempt by Gravesend to empire build as it came out in the enquiry that they did not intend to do the works for many years yet.  The council lost and West Kent's electricity reached Hartley in 1932.

Electricity supply to outlying districts - Inquiry at Gravesend
An inquiry into the application of the Gravesend Corporation to supply electricity to certain outlying parishes in the neighbourhood of the borough was held in the Town Hall yesterday (Thursday) by Colonel Ekin, on behalf of the Electricity Commissioners.

It was also asked that certain powers of the Kent Electric Power Company and the West Kent Electric Company be revoked.

The proposed added area of supply was the parishes of Darenth, Fawkham, Hartley, Horton Kirby, Longfield, Southfleet, Stone and Swanscombe in the rural District of Dartford; and the parishes of Chalk, Denton, Ifield, Meopham and Nurstead and part of the parish of Cobham in the Rural District of Strood.

There was opposition from various quarters and in some cases protective clauses being asked for.

The Dartford Urban District Council asked for Stone to be included in their area of supply..... (list of representatives, several councillors said to be present too)...

Mr Montgomery (KC for Gravesend BC and Dartford UDC) stated that Gravesend's application was made in the first instance, and covered the parish of Stone.  If the enquiry felt that Dartford could deal equally well with Stone, Gravesend would be content that Stone should be left out of the proposed area.  The present supply of the Gravesend Corporation was to the Borough and the Urban District of Northfleet.  It was proposed that the charges for supply to the added districts should be the same as in Gravesend itself.

With regard to the Kent Power Company and the West Kent Electric Power Company Limited, Mr Montgomery said they had done nothing in the two areas for over 20 years, and only laid down mains after the Corporation gave notice of their intention to apply for an order.  Gravesend had had applications for supply from Greenhithe, Swanscombe, Meopham and Denton.

With the possible exception of Stone, he thought the consumers desired a supply from Gravesend.  The power companies were supplying Chatham at 7½d per unit for lighting and 3d for power, and they advertised their intention to supply Swanscombe that the same price.  The Gravesend Corporation had a flat rate, which was the same as the Companies' flat rate, with one exception - lighting 7d, power 3d, heating and cooking 2d.  Then they had an alternative, which they called the two rate - 2¾d during the daytime and 8d on the peak hours.  The next alternative was the fixed price rate, which gave advantages to a consumer.  There was also the rateable value charge - one fortieth of the net rateable value of the property per quarter, with supply at ¾d per unit.

The Town Clerk stated that the Gravesend Electricity Undertaking began in 1902.  It had made progress and had been extended from time to time.  The number of consumers had steadily increased and the profits of the undertaking had kept pace with the improvement.  In round figures the profit was £10,000 a year at the present time.  The added areas had been included because the Corporation was satisfied there was a demand, and they could meet it without any additional outlay on plant at present.  Swanscombe had a population of 10,000, might be described as a growing industrial area, and while these proceedings were doing on had blossomed out into an urban district.  He had known for many years that Swanscombe was badly in want of an electricity supply.  A canvas was made, and he was surprised to find the strong feeling existing in Swanscombe.  They were welcomed with open arms, particularly when they said they were prepared to give a supply cheaper than the Kent Company was prepared to give.  Denton was urban in character, would grow, and in the natural order of events would come into Gravesend.  "They are nobody's child at present" he remarked.

Mr Henderson: Am I to understand now that Stone is not part of your application?

The Town Clerk: Gravesend is quite prepared, with the approval of the Commissioners to let Stone go into the Dartford area, or to take it in itself.

To a further question he said: My application at the present moment to the Commissioners is for Stone.  Dartford is also applying for Stone.

Mr (Craig) Henderson (KC for Kent Electric Power Company) said 5 cement companies were supplied by the company he represented, and that distribution mains were laid in various parts of the area applied for.

The Town Clerk: I am not particuarly concerned about your distribution mains as about a cheap supply for the people.

When Mr Henderson said: "My powers have to be revoked you mean?" The Town Clerk replied "I think you thoroughly deserve it."

Asked if they have the consent of Swanscombe, the Town Clerk said "As an urban council".

Mr Henderson: It is a letter from the clerk not in the form of a resolution by the council.

The Town Clerk said the clerk of the Swanscombe Council could be called.

Questioned by Mr (H St John) Raikes (KC for Dartford RDC) on the point of providing a "prompt supply", the Town Clerk said personally he should not object to a reasonable limitation of time with regard to the rural parishes.  He should say 10 years for the compulsory laying of mains, but it would depend on circumstances, and 8 or 7 years might be right for some districts.

The Chairman remarked that in certain orders there were revocation clauses, and if mains were not laid in certain parishes within say 3 years, the power of the order would be revoked.  

Mr Raikes said he asked for a limit of 5 years, and for Stone 2 years.

Mr C F McInnes (Borough Electrical Engineer) and Mr Edwards (Engineer of the Dartford UDC Electrical Works) gave evidence.

The inspector said he had been under the impression that Stone was withdrawn from the Gravesend order.

Mr Montgomery said it was considered that if Dartford was going to supply Stone, Gravesend should withdraw it.  If the Commissioners did not think Dartford was the right place to supply Stone, the Gravesend application stood.  It was a friendly arrangement.

Mr Henderson stated that apprently there was a resolution by the Swanscombe Parish Council givin sanction, but the Gravesend application had by a further resolution, there was formal opposition to the order unless the Gravesend Corporation were willing to insert a clause agreeing to the parish being able to generate its own electricity after a period of 10 or 15 years if desired.

Mr Montgomery: in the meantime it has become an Urban District that has approved of the scheme.

Some amusement was caused by a sotto voce remark that it became an Urban District Council on April 1st.



13 August 1926 - Old Downs for Sale
Kent and Sussex Courier

Charming Red Brick and Tiled Residence
In small, well timbered park; in excellent condition and well fitted.  Chestnut Avenue Drive with lodge.  300 feet above sea.
Lounge, hall, 3 reception, 12 bed and dressing rooms, each with lavatory basins, 2 bathrooms, domestic offices, electric light, central heating, independent hot water system, company's water.
Outbuildings, garage, chauffeur's rooms, beautifully kept park like grounds.  Orchard, kitchen garden, tennis court with pavilion, farmery, pasture and arable.
Freehold for sale privately or by auction later, at a bargain price, with 22 or 76 acres.

The Times - 1 January 1927
Expert Coaching for all examinations for army, navy, universities and professions.  Many successes.  Prospectus from Mr J R Stickland MA (Cantab), Wrangler, "The Old Downs", Hartley, Longfield, Kent.


22 October 1926 - Jockey killed while motorcycling
Kent and Sussex Courier
Ernest Backhouse lived at Woodlands, Ash Road, his wife continued to live there until about 1930.

Three months after his marriage, Ernest Backhouse, a jockey employed at the Grays Stud Farm, Westerham Hill, was killed as the result of a motorcycling accident about half a mile from the farm on Sunday while on his homeward way after having finished work for the day.  Mr Backhouse was a successful steeplechase rider, and it will be remembered that on the occasion of the recent gymkhana in Sevenoaks he was one of the riders in the incident when a horse dashed into a motor car.  At the inquest on Wednesday, held at the Three Horse Shoes, Knockholt, a verdict of 'Death by Misadventure' was returned by the jury, who made strong protests against the speed of motorcyclists generally in the village.
Mr H B Sewell was the Coroner, and Mr H Bond was elected foreman of the jury.
Outlining the story of the accident, the coroner suggested that eh jury migh wish to adjourn after hearing what evidence was available.  There were not witnesses present who had acutally seen the collision, as teh two men involved with the deceased in the occurrence were in Bromley Cottage hospital and one of them at least had said he remembered nothing of the accident.
Evidence of identification was given by Mrs Matilda Backhouse, The Woodlands, Hartley, Kingsdown, who said her husband had had this motor cycle for about 4 months and knew the road well.
William Alfred Hawes, head lad at Grays Farm, said the accident happened about half or three-quarters of a mile from the farm, at a very nasty bend.
Replying to a juryman, he said there was practically no view at all at the bend.  He had himself had a narrow escape there about 5 weeks ago when he was riding a horse and a motor car came round the bend, knocking him and the horse right round.
William Grayland, 14 Morat Street, Brixton, said he was cycling along Grays Lane with several members of a club, and when about 200 yards from the bend a motor cycle passed him with a pillion rider on it.  He could not say definitely, but he thought the speed was about 36 mph, although it was difficult to guess and he might have overestimated it.  He passed a remark about it at the time that he thought the cyclist was going fast.  He heard no sound of a collision, but when he reached the bend he found deceased lying just behind his machine on his near side of the road.  On the other side of the road were the other cyclist and the pillion rider lying on the ground but in a sitting position on the cycle.  They were both unconscious.  Backhosue was still breathing.  He knocked at two or three cottages for help but got no response, and someone summoned an ambulance.  The surface of the road at this point was quite good.
Frank William Austin, New Cross, corroborated this evidence up to a point, but estimated the speed of the motor cyclist with the pillion rider at 20 mph.  About 4 yards separated the two cycles.
Replying to a juryman, witness said the machine ridden by Backhouse was nearest Westerham Hill and the other one on the Knockholt side, but made no answer to a suggestion that the machines might have bounced backward after the accident.
PC Parris said the width of the road at this spot was 14 feet.  The cycle ridden by the two injured men was 6 feet from its near side, and there were skid marks from a point where the road was 12ft 4in wide, commencing 4ft 4in from the offside and running 43ft 4½in up the incline and finishing 6ft from the near side.
The coroner: Your suggestion is that the accident took place 6 feet from the near side of the man going towards Westerham Hill? - Yes
It would be 8ft from the other man's near side? - Yes.
So they were getting near the centre of the road when the impact took place? - Yes.  there is no clear view of the road at that point.  The hedge hangs 2 feet over the road.
There was no skid mark on the deceased's side? - None.
Did you see the damage to the respective machines? - They were both as if they had hit absolutely head on.
So that with a very little more they would have cleared?  They did not come on wheel to wheel? - The front mudguard of deceased's machine was bent right down on the wheel.
Which rider would be on the rise? - The deceased on the rise, going down.
PC Tough, Westerham Hill, said he was cycling from Knockholt, when he met Mr H S Moore of Cutham Grange, with two injured men in his car and advised him to take them to Bromley Hospital.  He had since learned that the driver was Frank Arthur Buron of East Dulwich, and the pillion rider Charles Arthur John Norman of Peckham Grove.  He then met Mr Hawkins, of Scotts Lodge, with the deceased in his car, and he ahd the body brought to the Three Horse Shoes.  He had since seen the driver (Burton), who was suffering from concussion and remembered nothing after entering Grays Lane, and the other man remembered nothing at all.
Replying to the coroner, witness said the rider Burton appeared to have been trying to avoid Backhouse.
Dr Henrietta Broderick expressed the opinion that deceased had been thrown from his cycle and his head had come in contact with the ground, causing fracture of base of the skull.  His left jaw was fractured, and he had a compound fracture of the right thigh.
The coroner said he did not think it was necessary to adjourn the inquest, but it was for the jury to decide.  There was no suggestion of criminal negligence, and it was difficult to get the exact speed, as the two witnesses had differed on that point.
A juryman said he thought the fact that the cycle skidded 43 feet going uphill showed they were going at a good speed.
Another juryman said he was there to protest against this tremendous fast driving.
The coroner said they must keep to this particular case.  The only object of an adjournment woudl be to see whether they could get that they were driving at an excessive speed.  They had been told that the inured men remembered nothing about it, and they were sure not to say they were going at an excessive speed.
A juryman: Was it a Club on trials?
PC Tough: No.
Mr Bond: Is there anything to be gained by an adjournment?
A juryman: It's quite clear to my mind.
The jury, having agreed on a verdict of 'Death by Misadventure,' Mr Sewell expressed sympathy with the widow and relatives.
Mr Bond said no words cold express what the jury felt in this matter, and on their behalf he epxressed sympathy with Mr Backhouse and other relatives.  Referring to the question raise dby Mr Gorham (speed of motorcycles in the village), Mr Bond said the whole of the jury protested against the excessive speed at which motorcyclists tore through the village and along the lanes.  They were all right all the time the police were in view, but the moment they got out of police range they went like mad and cared for nobody or anything.  When the police were not there the roads were unsafe for man, woman or child.  the jury considered something should be done but did not know what.
A juryman suggested that there should be a danger signal at this bend.
Mr Bond went on to remark that if anyone saw a hedge which required trimming they had only to bring it to the notice of the Parish Council and it would be attended to.


29 October 1926 - Evicted from Sacristy Cottage
Dartford Chronicle
There is clearly more to this case which is only hinted at here.  The paper of 26.11.1926 said the possession order was made, it was said the problem was the clergyman at the earlier hearing didn't represent the bishop.

Catholic Society's Claim
Beatrice Davies Cooke, secretary of the Association of Perpetual Adoration, sought possession of the Sacristy Cottage, Hartley from John W Almond, acting sacristan.  It was stated that the cottage was the property of the Roman Catholic Bishop of Southwark.

It was stated that defendant, an under gardener, left the employ of the association in June and refused to leave the cottage held under a service tenancy.

Miss Cooke said, as an act of grace, she gave defendant 3 weeks' notice instead of one.

Defendant said the plaintiff was not the owner of the property.

Witness said she had given the cottage to the diocese and the gift would be accepted when vacant possession could be obtained.  So far the property was still hers.  It was true defendant came from Manchester to work at Hartley, and it was no matter of hardship for plaintiff, who was losing no rent.

His Honour: It seems a great pity that defendant left Manchester.

Defendant: I quite agree with you sir.

His Honour said defendant had no sort of claim to the cottage.

The Rev Father Hoare said he was in charge of the church by order of the Roman Catholic Bishop of Southwark, during the great strike.  There was a very great scandal existing in the parish, and Miss Davies Cooke _______

His Honour: Oh, I am not going into that.  It is nothing to do with the case.

Witness: Then may I have an adjournment.

His Honour: Yes.  But the man cannot continue in the house, and if the bishop wishes, let him communicate with the court.  It is very undesirable for this court to have anything to do with troubles of this or any other church.

The case was adjourned until the November court.


5 November 1926 - Funeral of the late Mr W H Walklate
Bucks Examiner
Mr Walklate is mentioned a number of times in the All Saints Parish Magazine of 1923-1924.
The funeral of the late Mr Wilfrid Harold Walkate, who died on Monday in last week at Maple Tree Farm, Botley, at the age of 24 years, took place at Chesham Cemetery on Friday.  The service was conducted at Chesham Parish Church by the Vicar, the Rev E A Theobald, after which the body was conveyed to the cemetery...... It is of intereset to note that decesaed was a Lay Reader at Chesham Parish Church for about a year.  Before that he was a Lay Reader at Hartley, Kent, where he was also Sunday School Superintendent.  It was a great ambition of his to become a missionary, and with that end in view he passed a number of examinations.  He was, however, unable to realise his ambition owing to heart trouble.  He first came into the district some ten years ago, and during this time he made himself popular, especially in the Amersham Hill district.  A prominent member of the Westbourne House Lawn Tennis Club (Amersham) he was the recognised MC for the dances arranged by the club.  He was at home for 5 weeks prior to his death, and was under the care of Dr Cunningham.... (details of wreaths etc).


25 February 1927 - Martin & Stilles v Sale
Dartford Chronicle

When Waggon meets Lorry
Messrs Martin and Stilles, haulage contractors, Strood, sued William Sale of Hartley, for £3 17s 6d damages.  Mr N Haynes appeared for the plaintiff, and Mr H Goff for defendant.
The action arose out of a collision between the plaintiff's steam waggon and defendant's lorry, damage being done to the amount claimed.
William Russell of Rochester, said on July 15th 1926, he was driving a steam waggon along Watling Street towards Crayford, and was going about 7mph.  A motor lorry, coming in the same direction as private motor, passed in the opposite direction.  The lorry struck the cabin of the steam waggon in passing.  It was not true that he turned out of his course - he kept on a straight one.  The mark of wheels pointed out after the accident was not witness's.
In reply to Mr Goff witness denied that he swerved out.
Alfred Culley, mate to last witness, said they were about 18 inches from the kerb, and teh other lorry cut in and caught their cab.  He turned too sharply as he passed.  If he had kept straight on he would have had plenty of room.  Russell did not swerve at all.  There was plenty of room for defendant to pass.
William Sale of Hartley, said he was travelling along Watling Street, and as he was going to pass a steam waggon he gave warning, but driver of the steam waggon swerved out.  After he had passed he glanced round and saw plaintiff signalling to him, and he stopped and went back.  He did not feel any impact, and showed plaintiff how his wheel marks came out, and thought it was because there was a bad patch in the road.  His own wheel marks shewed a straight course.  It was not because he cut in, but because plaintiff turned out.
Judgement was given for plaintiff.


13 January 1928 - Alleged Dangerous Driving
Dartford Chronicle

At the Greenwich Police Court on Thursday, Frederick Christopher Chuter, Little Downs, Hartley, Kent, was summoned for neglecting to stop his motor car at the request of a police officer at New Cross Road.  Defendant was also summoned for driving in a manner dangerous to the public.
Mr H L Tatham defended.
PC Weeks 769M, said that on October 27th, outside New Cross Gate station, he was assisting pedestrians to cross the road, and was on the tram track wehn defendant's car was about 100 yards off.  Witness signalled to him to stop, but he made no attempt to do so, and came on at from 10 - 15 mph, nearly knocking down a lady.  Witness shouted to defendant to stop, and he looked round, but kept going, and witness took the number of the car.
Cross examined: There was not a stationary tram car ahead of defendant, who could not help seeing him, although he might as he said, have had his eyes on the people on the pavement.
Harry Wing, 133 St Donatts Road, New Cross, said he saw the officer in the centre of the road, with his hand up.
Flora Young, 6 Eddystone Road, Crofton Park, said the car ran between witness and her mother in law when the constable's hand was extended.  The officer called out "Stop" but the driver went on.
Kate Young, 6 Eddystone Road, gave similar evidence.  She said defendant seemed to have slowed up, but went on.  It was a miracle that she and her daughter in law were not both knocked down.
Defendant, giving evidence, said he had driven for 18 to 20 years without accident.  On this occasion he was driving a lady to Denmark Hill Hospital, and was going carefully on account of her condition.  He slowed down on seeing the women, and did not see the officer at the time.  The constable did not have his hand up as witness passed, and did not call to him to stop.  As witness passed, he said "Sorry, constable," and passed on.  He had a clear road.
Guy Sinclair Fielden, Greenlands, Longfield, said he was taking his wife to hospital.  Defendant drove carefully.  The first he saw of the constable was when he "appeared from nowhere," and beckoned two ladies across right under the nose of the car.  The constable did not call upon defendant to stop, but said, "What are you doing?" as they passed.
Mr McKenna dismissed the first summons, and on the second fined defendant 30 shillings with 15s 6d costs, the licence not to be endorsed.


26 January 1928 - Three Gates Road
McIntosh County Democrat (US newspaper)

Land in Dispute
"Cook's Croft" made famous by Dick Turpin, is the cause of a dispute between the British ministry of Agriculture and the rector of Fawkham, England.  The land has 2 owners, yet in a sense is no man's land, because it is in no parish, and the rector refuses to collect any tithes from it.  Part of it has been sold and the ministry of agriculture wishes to reapportion it for tithes, but the rector claims that as it has never been apportioned it therefore cannot be reapportioned and no-one can claim it.  In 1700, the spot was called "Three Gates" because of three gates that stood under an old tree in the lonely spot.  Turpin stood under the tree when he robbed the Gravesend coach.


3 March 1928 - A Condemned House
Dartford Chronicle

William Edward Barlow, Merton Avenue, Hartley, was summoned by Dartford Rural Council to shew why he should not comply with a closing order made against him on May 3rd 1927.
Mr Goff, who appeared for the council, said the defendant appealed to the Ministry of Health, who upheld the decision of the council.
Mr Leslie V Sargent, Sanitary Inspector to the Rural District Council, gave formal evidence.
The defendant: Why have they made this closing order?
The witness: Because the house was unfit for habitation.
Can I make it fit for habitation? - It is not possible.
Yet my family and I have lived there for 5 years without ill effects? - I don't know.
The clerk: You cannot get behind the closing order.
Alderman Mitchell: You appealed to the Ministry of Health, and they upheld the council's decision.
The defendant: Is it a rule when you make a closing order that it is necessary for you to find other accommodation?
Alderman Mitchell: I am not here to answer questions.
The Sanitary Inpsector said it was not the rule to find alternative accommodation.
The defendant said that when he first went to the place, he put up a temporary building, and afterwards built something better.
The Inspector: I know you built a shack there.
Alderman Mitchell: We have nothing to do with all these questions.  The closing order says you have to get out.
The defendant: Where am I to go?
Alderman Mitchell: I don't know.
The bench made an order for the defendant to quit in 21 days.


4 May 1928 - Cigarette Machine Vagaries
Dartford Chronicle

Alfred Caller (aged 23), of Longfield was summoned for stealing a packet of cigarettes belonging to Mr David Thomas Robertson Gray, Fairby Stores, Hartley.  Mr Goff defended.
The prosecutor Gray said that packets of cigarettes had been obtained from an automatic cigarette machine at his store by the use of metal discs instead of sixpenny pieces, and he set a trap to find who was guilty of the practice.  He marked a number of packets of cigarettes and placed them in the machine as a means of finding out what coins were put in the machine in exchange.  He identified a packet of Players cigarettes produced as one of the packets he had put in the machine.
Mrs Gray, wife of the former witness, said she watched the machine on the Sunday evening, and on examining it first early in the evening found two sixpences, and on examining it again at 8.30 she found discs.
In answer to Mr Goff the witness said she had not seen the defendant in the shop.
Police Sergeant Nicholls said that in consequence of information received he went ot Hartley Constitutional Club on the evening of April 15th and interviewed Caller, who on being asked if he had any cigarettes on him, produced a packet of Players.  Asked where he had got the packet, he replied "At the Club."  The witness made enquiries and acertained that the defendant had purchased a packet of Gold Flake cigarettes at the club.  Defendant then said he had got a packet of Black Cat cigarettes at the club, and the other at the Hartley Stores, having put sixpence into the machine for it.  The packet was identified by Mr Gray as one of those which he had marked and put into the machine.
The defendant, in evidence, said he went to Gray's shop at 10 minutes to seven and put sixpence into the slot of the cigarette machine, and got the packet of Player's cigarettes.
The defendant was fined 20 shillings.


17 May 1928 - A Collision at Merton Avenue
Dartford Chronicle
We have met both parties before in previous court cases.

William Edward Barlow, Ebbflow, Merton Avenue, Hartley, described as a watchmaker, sued William Sale or Hartley for £100 damages for personal injuries.
The case was a running down act at Longfield, the collision being between a pedal cycle and defendant's motor lorry.  Plaintiff was coming out of Merton Avenue in the direction of Longfield, and came into collision with the lorry, which was going towards Hartley.
Plaintiff said on January 4th he was cycling towards Hoseland Hill on the left hand side of the road, which was quite dry.  As he got to the end of the road he saw a lorry, and as he got to it it branched off from the bank.  Witness had his right wrist injured, and he was off work some 3 months.  In reply to Mr Goff, witness said he had done watchmaking for years, and had just done two clocks for the KEC (=Kent Education Committee?).  He had earned £14 in one week.  He had done road making, indeed, anything he could get.
Dr Marsden said he attended to defendant, who had a broken wrist; he had had nothing to do with him before.
William Sale described how plaintiff came into his lorry, struck the mudguard and struck the fence, and witness stopped and got out to see to plaintiff.  The Avenue was not a made up road, but a landway; there was a bank 4 feet high, and a slope down to the road.
His honour gave judgement for the defendant, saying there was no evidence of neglect on behalf of defendant.

15 June 1928 - A Question of Ownership
Dartford Chronicle
This is a complicated county court case as to whether Bruce Williams was entitled to sell flints from land owned by his wife Edyth at Gorsewood Road and Hartley Wood.  The defendants appear to be concerned that if they paid Mr Williams, they might receive another bill for the same from Mrs Williams or her mortgage lender, if they claimed her husband didn't have the right to sell them.  The bank would ultimately foreclose on Mrs Williams in 1930.
A question of ownership arose in a series of three cases in which Mrs Edyth Dorothy Williams, The Retreat, Longfield, sought to recover from Mr G Edmed, Stone Wood, Mr T H Strickson, New Barn, Longfield, and Mr Fortunatus Lynds, Longfield, sums of £4.10.0, £1.7.0 and £4 for flints supplied.
In the first Mr Williams, husband of the plaintiff, said he excavated some flints on his wife's property at Hartley in 1926, and in January last sold some to defendant.  When the bill was sent in he received a letter from defendant from which he gathered that something had been said about the ownership of the flints.  He asked Mr Edmed if someone had told him the flints were not his to sell, and he replied that they had.  he made out the bill in his own name subsequently to that.
Mr Goff, for the defence, claimed that the plaintiff did not in fact sell the flints.
His honour said the evidence was unsatisfactory.  The goods were said to have been sold by the plaintiff, but he was not satisfied they were, and the bill was made out in Mr Williams's name.  Judgement would be for the defendant.
The defendant Strickson did not appear.
Mr Williams repeated his evidence in the last case, and replying to his Honour said the doubt as to his wife's ownership arose when someone went to see one of the purchasers of flints and said they belonged to a bank which held a mortgage.
Mr Puckridge, for plaintiff, claimed that as the flints were excavated and lying on the ground at the time the mortgage was executed, they were not affected by the mortgage.
His honour remarked that the point was open to doubt, and he would require to have it fully argued before agreeing.
In the third case Mr Puckridge, a solicitor, went into the witness box and said he acted for Mrs Williams at the purchase of the property and the execution of the mortgage.  It was within his knowledge that Mr Williams did the business on behalf of his wife, and often signed his own name.
Mr Goff said Liverpool and Martins Bank, who held the mortgage, were of opinion that the case was trivial and did not wish to go on with it, but they were joined as third party.  They did not wish to claim the flints sold.
Mr Lynds said he treated with mr Williams for the purchase of his flints and the bills were made out in Mr Williams's name.   He had heard the property was Mrs Williams's.
Mr Puckridge said Mr Lynds had been asked if he knew he was receiving stolen property, and advised not to pay Mr Williams as he might have to pay again.  He felt assured that on another occasion he would be able to convince his honour that when the flints were dug up prior to the mortgage they were separated from the freehold.
His honour said he was now satisfied that the plaintiff in the cases was the owner of the property, and in view of the fact that the bank did not make any claim for the flints sold, judgement would be against Messrs Strickson and Lynds.


10 November 1929 - Wooden House Ablaze
Sunday Mirror
The St Michael's School referred to was probably the future RC School in Woodland Avenue, which was a private school before the nuns from Alderney took it over during the war.

Captain Walter Howard Flear (1894-1951) had only become headmaster in 1929, having been an assistant master in Gunnersbury Preparatory School from 1921-1929.  He was awarded the military cross in WW1 for "conspicuous gallantry in action.  Although himself wounded he succeeded in rescuing another wounded officer and in crossing 150 yards of open ground under heavy fire with a water carrying company" (London Gazette 13.2.1917).  The London Gazette of 1.5.1928 records that he retired from the East Staffs regiment and was paid a gratuity, so he may have used that to buy the school in Hartley.

Reduced to ashes after escape of three occupants
Three people had a narrow escape when a house almost entirely built of wood was reduced to ashes by fire yesterday morning.

The house was occupied by Captain Flear, headmaster of St Michael's School, Hartley (Kent) who was awakened by smoke and fumes to find the house already ablaze.  He immediately warned two members of the school staff sleeping in the house and the three made a hurried exit.  In a short time nothing remained but two brick built fireplaces and chimneys and a heap of ashes.



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