[This case reminds us that until the Suicide Act 1861, it was a crime in this country to attempt suicide. John Ware (1819-76) in 1861 had been living at Hartley Court Cottage, but in 1871 had moved to Darenth Cottages, so it looks like that when his employer fired him, he evicted him from his home as well.]
[A highly controversial topic today, but there is no denying it was a popular sport among many of the gentry in Victorian England. An earlier report in 1868 suggests that the hunt was not always very popular in Hartley and Ash. Sport seems to be the correct word to use, because it is clear they did not see themselves as being involved in pest control, the reference to coverts - little copses of wood in fields, gives the game away, for they are actually encouraging the fox population, so they will have something to hunt.Adverts for the hunt say they started about 10/11am so the poor fox was chased for over 5 hours over many miles, and they didn't even let up when it got dark]
Messrs Dann & Son have received instructions from Mr William Allen (quitting the farm) to sell by auction on the presmises, as above, on Friday 6th October 1871 at 12 for 1 o'clock: 9 powerful cart horses, 3 breeding sows, 34 head of poultry, 3 handssome beagles, 3 ferrets. The implements comprise 3 capital cylinder iron land rollers, 3 strong waggons, 5 dung carts, turnrise and Ransome's Iron Ploughts, ox, small and iron barrows, Suffolk drill brakes, sowing machines, sets of chain and plough harnesses, 30 quarters of corn, sacks, tools, ladders, 350 new hurdles, iron garden roller, 14 in lawn mowing machine, and numerous items..."
Mr Robert Allen has been instructed to sell by tender, about 34 acres of valuable underwood, varying from 11 to 14 years' growth, growing in Hartley and Goss Woods, Hartley Court. Any person desirous of tendering for the same may obtain the necessary form from William Turvill, Hartley Court near Dartford, or of Mr Robert Allen, Ruxley, near Foot's Cray, which must be forwarded to Mr Robert Allen on or before Tuesday the 26th December 1871. Mr Robert Allen will not pledge himself to accep the highest or any tender."
Longfield Court, a charming old fashioned Gothic Residence, standing in very tastefully dispoed pleasure grounds, with paddocks of about 22 acres, and having stabling for 8 horses, coachhouse, gardener's and keeper's cottages, pheasantry, and extensive domestic offices, situate close to Longfield Church, and Fawkham Station, on the London, Chatham and Dover Railway. Also about 9½ acres of choice building land, contiguous to the above, adjoining the railway station, having frontages on 3 sides to good roads.
A capital enclosure of arable land, of about 9 acres, and 2 cottages at Hartley Green.
Hartley Cottage [Hartley House, Ash Road], a comfortable detached residence in large garden, with stabling, orchard etc, together about 3 acres.
Also 2 detached cottages in good gardens with wheelwright's and blacksmith's shops respectively [Bay Lodge and Forge Cottage, Ash Road, Hartley]; and also an enclosure of arable land, about 9 acres all situate at Grub Street, in the parish of Hartley, about 1½ miles from Fawkham Railway Station.
And 2 cottages, and about 2½ acres of arable land at West Yoke in the parish of Ash.
Mr Marsh will sell by auction at the Guildhall Coffee House, Gresham Street, City on Thursday July 25th at 12 for 1 o'clock in several lots, the above very valuable freehold properties...."
[The owner here didn't waste any time in realising the increased value of their estate from the opening of Longfield Station in 1872! The results are given in the Daily News 29.7.1872: Longfield Court £5,000; 9 acres and 2 cottages at Hartley Green £1,050; Hartley Cottage (House) £1,080; Land at Grub Street £800; Bay Lodge wheelwrights £415; Forge Cottage £310]
[Opening between midnight and 12.30 on Sundays was prohibited by the Limiation of Opening Hours Act 1848]
The valuabe live and dead farming stock, comprising 4 powerful and active draught horses, milch cow, 8 calves, 2 waggons, 5 dung carts, 2 roller, 5 share Kent drill, an excellent 2 horse threshing machine, galvanised iron water barrel on carriage and 4 wheels, ox harrows, hop nidget, bean and pea brakes, cleaning machine, 75 hop bins, and cloths, 160 new hurdle gates, sheep trough, harnesses etc. Also a portion of the household furniture".
[He owned Darenth Cottages]
".... Stephen Alfred Cotsworth, son of the plaintiff, said he helped to load the waggon with the goods and took them all to Fawkham Station. Thomas Toms, station master at Fawkham, said the goods were brought to the station and put into a truck, and on the same day the defendant came with another man named Colegate, and showed him a distress warrant, in consequence of which the goods were detained. Six days afterwards they went again and took the goods away. Frederick Colegate, an appraiser, was sworn, and produced a warrant authorising him to levy a distress on Cotsworth's goods for the sum of £4 10s. Mr French went with him to Fawkham Station to get the goods. They were afterwards sold to Mr Bird, a broker...."
Judge finds for defendant as he said only thing for him to decide was whether the rent was owing.
"And now we are getting into the country, when the sight of an old inn born in the days of the London and Dover coaches, gives emphasis to certain internal grumblings, and we make as Tony Weller would say, 'rayther a sudden pull up'.... 'Try our superfine 8d ale' is the invitation politely staring us in the face; and we try it with a fourpenny supplement of bread and cheese, and having paid the reckoning ask mine host to advise as to the best way to Longfield, the village which we have determined to make the turning point of our ramble. M. Landlord is dubious, and refers us to an ancient dame outside, who is negligently nursing one leg, the foot being enveloped in a huge bundle of rags, which might have been meant either bandage or imposition, and probably did mean a little of both. This dingy-faced lady was smoking the clay pipe of peace, moistened by small draughts from a quart pot at her elbow, 'Tell yer the way to Longfield?; well I oughter know for I've lived there this forty year, though 'ow I'm agoin' to get back agin with my poor old bones, I don't know'. After sundry other laments on the subject of her 'poor old bones' and the 'rheumatiz', the old woman gave the desired information, and we were leaving with an earnest expression of thanks, when the crone broke out into a wild declaration of her love for a cup of tea, 'the only thing as comforts me'; and her intense grief at the thought that the requisite penny for the purchase thereof was not forthcoming. Observing a philanthropic and charitable relaxation of our countenance, mother went on to bewail in sad terms the absence, from her domestic cupboard, of the penny loaf, which was such a desirable accompaniment to her 'poor cup o'tea'. The foaming pewter had made us incredulous as to her preference for the sweet Bohea; we even feared that a penny entrusted for the purchase of a loaf might be smoked instead of eaten; but we were weak, and yielded to the extent of two pence, receiving in return a profound blessing, which was dirt chap at the price."
Leaving an argument between the landlady and the beggar, they turn onto the Wrotham Road with views as far as Swanscombe and Vigo. They pass through the now disused tollgate and about three miles later encounter the finger post pointing to Longfield.
".... and we descend into a charming valley, mounting to the opposite hill by a zigzag road. Rural beauty in perfection; the air truly 'laden with perfume' stolen from myriad flowers which beautify the fields and banks; the quietude only broken by that indescribable animal buzz of bird and insect nature......... On again through pretty copses and high-hedged lanes, until we get our first indication of the village in a straggling farmhouse, with quite a picture of a yard, and a big roomy barn suggesting exciting rope-swings; in front the water works - an old well with a giddy, dazed horse officiating as 'drawer of water'. Curiosity prompts us to ask a ruddy faced little girl, whose house is this? 'Ours' was the reply, which the young lady evidently considered quite conclusive and satisfactory, for no amount of subsequent cross-examination, direct, leading or collateral, succeeded in eliciting the patronymic for which the possessive pronoun was doing duty......... We reach the village, which is chiefly remarkable for the number of ducks and duck ponds who monopolize the leading thoroughfares... There is too, somewhat of a novelty in the form of a signboard. Imagine one of the size and shape of a dressing table glass; drab border, light coloured interior, on which is represented a round bellied man, in billycock hat and gaiters; the legs a trifle bow, an ear of wheat boldly struggling up between them to represent the agricultural interest; in his right hand a formidable riding whip; in his left, raised aloft, a shallow champaigne glass, presumably filled with nut brown ale. This 'Man of Kent' was nameless, at least to the eye; so was the owner of the house (a little low-roofed structure, from which a fair maiden might have eloped comfortably without rope ladder, or risk of a sprained ankle), and there was an entire absense of the familiar assurance that the liquor and the customers..... are licensed to be drunk on the premises........ A skeleton lamp, sticking out of the wall, seemed to denote the existence of gas at some barbarously remote period; and an overgrown besom fastened to the doorpost with iron wire - apparently in the fear that its great value would be too musch of a temptation to passers by - served to wipe the boots of invisible customers.. The door was shut but the window was open, and disclosed - not a beer engine, but a canary.... and a duck industriously paddling in a neighbouring pond.... the duck resented the intrusion with open mouth, and shaking its tail defiantly, waddled off through the mud with all the grace of a duck out of water. So we left the Man of Kent to his lonely potations....."
They returned towards Betsham, seeing the orchards and hopfields there. The author professes his knowledge of hops is "confined to the period after its unholy alliance with malt". They cross beautiful green meadows with springy turf to Southfleet Church and return to Gravesend past Springhead Watercress Gardens, and Wombwell Hall. A.W.G concludes that "Gravesend has been rather unfairly snubbed in some quarters", but in reality boasts attractions of its own, as well as the varied and beautiful scenery of the surrounding countryside.
[This is an extract of an account of a Whit Monday ramble from the Gravesend Journal of 7 June 1873 by "A.W.G"]
Trains from Longfield to Victoria with time at Victoria in brackets: Mon-Sat 8.46 (9.55), 10.39 (12.00), 18.05 (19.19), 19.45 (21.03), 22.15 (23.30), Sun 8.46 (9.54), 11.32* (12.45), 19.01 (20.15), 22.01 (23.10).
Meopham and Farningham Road had about twice as many trains as Longfield then. Starred services were "Parliamentary" trains, where companies had to offer lower prices for 3rd class passengers.
Trains from Longfield to Victoria with time at Victoria in brackets: Mon-Sat 8.46 (9.55), 10.39 (12.00), 18.05 (19.19), 19.45 (21.03), 22.15 (23.30), Sun 8.46 (9.55), 10.39 (12.00), 18.05 (19.13) 20.55 (22.13), 22.15 (23.30).
Meopham and Farningham Road still had more trains than Longfield but additional trains now called at Longfield compared with the previous year's timetable.
After remarks from Messrs Snell, Malthouse, Salway and Dr Cortis, the motion was unanimously agreed to."
[The number of times my ticket has been checked on the footbridge at Bromley suggests that this type of fare evasion is still common.]
The Committee of Management, in presenting their 23rd annual report, have much pleasure in recording the continued and increasing success of the institution; the number of patients year by year testifying to the fact that it is a real benefit to the very poor of the town and neighbourhood. Since the last report, ie. during the years ending 31st March 1873, 1,445 patients have attended the Dispensary; of these 791 have been cured, 243 relieved, 12 died, 192 discharged, 99 casualties received relief, 108 remain under treatment. As it may be interesting to the governors, the following statement has been prepared, showing the parishes from which the patients have been received: Milton 443, Gravesend 440, Northfleet 238, Perry Street 50 and Rosherville 30, making a total of 318 in Northfleet Parish; Swanscombe 37, Denton 33, Chalk 27, Shorne 21, Greenhithe 21, Meopham 17, Grays 15, Cobham 13, Tilbury 11, Southfleet 10, Stone 7, Singlewell 6, Dartford 4, Ash 3, Mucking 3, Chadwell 3, Nurstead 2, Higham 2, Longfield 2, Camer 2, Ifield 1, Hartley 1, Comingham 1, Betsham 1, Luddesdown 1 (1,445). During the same period 97 cases have been admitted to the infirmary, 61 being cured, 16 relieved, 12 died, 8 remain under treatment. The following is a statement fo the parishes from which these patients were received:- Gravesend 23, Milton 17, Northfleet 16, from Shipping 16, Swanscombe 4, Southfleet 4, Coal-House Point 4, Dartford 3, Chalk 2, Meopham 2, Cobham 2, Shorne 1, West Tilbury 1, Grays 1, Strood 1. At no period since the institution was established has the number of infirmary patients been so large, and in many instances the accidents have been of a most serious nature; 64 accidents and other cases of emergency have been admitted without a subscriber's order, 16 of which came from vessels passing up or down the river. The Committee regret to state that although repeated applications have been made to the shipowners in London, no subscriptions have been received from taht quarter in aid of the funds. This is felt to be a great injustice, as accidents happening on board of ships are at once sent ashore, and every care and attention paid to the injured seamen, who but for this institution would have to be taken elsewhere. It is hoped that in future shipowners will in some measure recoup the expenses thus incurred.
In again acknowledging the kind and gratuitous services of the medical officers, and the attention and care given to the patients under their charge, the committee have to regret the resignation of Dr Armstrong, who held the office of surgeon for many years, and latterly that of consulting surgeon; and in recording their sense of the loss the institution will suffer by his retirement, they find that he is entitled to the warmest of thanks of the Governors. Dr Gramshaw - to whom the Governors are also greatly indebted for his long services as surgeon - having resigned that office, the Committee have much pleasure in recommending that he should be appointed consulting surgeon in the place of Dr Armstrong.
The committee have received donations during the year amounting to £242 5s 3d, which sum includes £50 from Mrs Thompson of Wrotham Road; £52 10s from J B Rosher esq of Crete Hall; and £9 15s from the Earl of Darnley, being the proceeds of sale of tickets for viewing Cobham Hall, with other sums fully set out in the financial statement. To all who have in any way aided in making up this large sum, the committee render their thanks. The amount received from collections in places of worship is £41 13s 5d, as compared with £77 10s in the preceding year. This souce of income fluctuates greatly in consequence of the fact that the ministers of religion do not place the claims of this institution before the congregations annually. If this were done in every place of worship in the town, many who are probably unable to become annual subscribers would be enabled to contribute towards a charity in which they take an interest.
In conclusion the committee congratulate the governors on the fact taht by the aid of a generous public, the object of the founders of this institution, viz 'to provide medical aid for the really destitute poor of Gravesend and its vicinity' - continues to be carried out most effectually, and they trust that the support of the subscribers and donors may lead to still greater success in the future." [Report continues with a list of donations, none appear to be from the Hartley/Longfield/Ash area]
[Note that the Magistrates ignored the police's plea for clemency in this case. Dartford Chronicle of 26.6.1875 said Alfred Parker worked for Thomas Gambrill (of New House Farm)]
[Notable for listing where the butcher shops bought their animals. Mr Smith of Fairby supplied 16 cows and 20 sheep to Mr Barton. In 1877 the agricultural returns state there were 54 cattle and 930 sheep in Hartley, so for cattle especially the Christmas market was very important. It has resonance today when people are much more interested in the origins of the food they eat. It also suggests that the turkey had not taken over locally as the Christmas dish. Not entirely sure what a "Birmingham House" is, but I presume it would have sold manufactured goods.]
[Further reference in Dartford Chronicle 22.1.1876]
Lawrie v Grindey. This was a action to recover £55 10s on a dishonoured cheque. The defendant pleaded no value or consideration. Mr Hall and Mr Giles were counsel for the plaintiff. Mr Kem was counsel for the defendant. The plaintiff was formerly a proctor in Doctor's Commons, and was now engaged in farming pursuits and residing at Hartley Court Farm, near Dartford, and the defendant was a horse and cattle dealer also residing at Dartford. It appeared that the plaintiff was the owner of a very valuable dray mare, about 16 hands 1 inch, which became lame in consequence of her having an enlarged hock, which rendered it necessary that she should be blistered and turned out. The mare, if sound, was admitted to be worth between £90 and £100, and the defendant after examining her agreed to give 50 guineas for her; she was taken away, but a day or two after she was sent back and the cheque stopped. The defence was that the plaintiff, when he sold the mare, warranted her to be all right ???? and fit for work, when in reality she was not. The evidence, as in all these cases, was contradictory, and the question was to whom the jury were to give the most evidence. At the conclusion of the evidence for the defence, the jury returned a verdict for the plaintiff for the full amount claimed."
[Joseph Lane had previously been sentenced to 4 months for sacrilege by breaking into Ash Chapel on 8 November 1875 and a further 2 weeks for 2 cases of larceny at Ash in October 1875 (Whitstable Times 25.3.1876). Remand hearing for this case reported in Dartford Chronicle of 12.8.1876 For these offences he was convicted at the West Kent Quarter Sessions on 20 October 1876 and was imprisoned for 2 years with a 7 year police supervision order (Gravesend Journal 26.10.1876 - "Joseph Lane, 19, labourer, pleaded guilty to housebreaking and stealing 2 brushes and half a pint of milk, the property of Thomas Gambrill at Hartley, on the 31st July. Mr Horton Smith prosecuted, and Supt Fread gave prisoner a very bad character. Sentenced to 2 years' hard labour, and 7 years' police supervision. Another charge of felony against prisoner was not proceeded with.").]
Trains from Longfield to Victoria with time at Victoria in brackets: Mon-Sat 8.08 (9.25), 8.45 (9.55), 10.39 (12.00), 16.02 (17.15), 18.05 (19.18), 18.49 (19.44), 21.56* (22.55), Sun 8.39 (9.54), 11.25* (12.45), 18.49 (20.10), 22.25 (23.45).
Parliamentary trains are starred.
[See 30.9.1876 for more on this case]
[This advert for cold medicine mentions the shop of Mr Wansbury of the Black Lion.]
[The case was sensationally dropped when it was discovered the chief prosecution witness had previously been suspected of arson himself. The cottages were rebuilt but demolished about 1970 to widen Ash Road, they lay between the Black Lion and Hartley House.
It seems William Longhurst did not emigrate as he said he was thinking of. He is probably the William Longhurst buried at Hartley on 14 October 1915, aged 87. Although other members of the Longhurst family did emigrate later to Australia. William had a police record - Gravesend Journal 28.11.1866 - William Longhurst given 2 months’ hard labour for stealing 12 rabbits from Hartley Manor estate on 12 November. Gravesend Journal 15 June 1870 - William Longhurst given 2 months’ hard labour for stealing pair of scales belonging to Fanny Parris. But was also the victim of crime - Dartford Chronicle 25.10.1879 - Thomas Spicer fined 5s for assaulting William Longhurst at Longfield)]
On Saturday, William Longhurst, 50, labourer, of Hartley was brought up on remand at Dartford, before T Bevan (in the chair), J G Hepburn, esqs, and Col Evelyn, and charged with wilfully and maliciously setting fire to two cottages, on the 12th inst, at Hartley, the property of T H Fleet esq, several persons being in the cottages at the time.
The first witness called was George Day, who said he lived at Hartley. Up to the 12th of the present month he occupied a cottage near the Black Lion. It had one floor, and a thatched roof. An adjoining cottage was occupied by his father Charles Day. At about a quarter to two in the morning of the 12th inst, he was sitting indoors with his brother Henry, who lived with his father, and prisoner came in about half-past one and remained 10 minutes. On leaving, the prisoner said he was soon going abroad, and that he (witness) would not be there (in the cottage) much longer - perhaps not two hours.
The Chairman: "And why were you sitting up so late?" Witness: "We were not doing any harm, sir." The Chairman: "Were you drinking?" Witness: "No sir, we sat talking."
Witness resumed: I asked prisoner what he meant by what he said, and he gave no answer. Prisoner was not the worse for drink. Shortly after prisoner had gone, hardly ten minutes from this, I smelt smoke and opened the door and heard someone run towards Longfield. On going to the south side of the house, I saw that the eaves were on fire, and tried to put the fire out with water, but could not. there was very little wind; and the weather was showery. I ran for Mr Cooper, my landlord, and when I returned, commenced to get my things out. In doing this I dropped my hat, before the front door and could not find it then. Whilst engaged in getting my things out, prisoner came from the road and went to his hut, at the west corner of the cottage. Prisoner had nothing on his head. A man named William Cherry was assisting in getting the things out of the next cottage, and brought me a hat. This was prisoner's; he wore it when he left my cottage shortly before. About 7 yards separated his hut from my cottage. Mr Cooper, on arriving, went and fetched prisoner out of his hut. Prisoner came up to me; he had a hat on, and my daughter said to him, "That's my father's hat you have on," and prisoner took the hat from my head, and gave me his.
By the Bench: I had not spent the evening with the prisoner. Was greatly surprised to see prisoner come into my cottage at such an hour in the morning. He was not in the habit of coming in at such a time. Do not recollect what prisoner said when he first came in. Had seen him between 8 and 9. I went shopping afterwards, between 9 and 10, and on returning home did not go out again. Sat down and talked all the time, from 10 till nearly 2.
Prisoner put some questions to witness, which were heard vry indistinctly; the witness, however, gave a negative reply to all.
The chairman: Did he have any beer with you? Witness: "Yes sir; a glass. We had a half a gallon from 10 o'clock.
Henry Day, labourer, who gave his evidence, in reply to the clerk, in a very inattentive and loutish way, said: I live with my father at Hartley, and am brother to the last witness. Remember the night of the 12th. Was at my brother's cottage at ten, and remained there till the alarm of fire was given. Prisoner came in about half past one. He had a drink of beer. I made no answer to what prisoner said, neither did my brother. Prisoner left a little before two. A few minutes after, my brother remarked that he smelt smoke, and opened the door. He shouted out that the place was on fire, and I assisted my brother in trying to put it out, but found we could not. I then went and called father and mother. The hat produced is the same prisoner wore when in the cottage.
William Cherry, labourer, living at Hartley, said he lived about 30 yards from the cottages. Was called up at two in the night of the twelfth. Got up and saw the cottages were on fire; and that this had reached the roof. Prisoner was coming up the road from Longfield; he turned into the garden of the cottages about 8 or 9 yards from me, and went to the hut in which he generally sleeps.
By the chairman: Prisoner walked straight into his hut. We found him there at 3 in the morning. He seemed as if sober when coming along the road. He was walking fast and had no hat on.
The Chairman: "Then are we to understand from you that he walked straight by the cottages on fire, and paid no attention to them?" Witness: "Yes, sir."
Witness resumed: On going to the fire, I saw George Day and his little girl. Day did not appear drunk at all. It was a foggy night. I picked up a hat, that now produced; it was at the corner of the cottage nearest the prisoner's hut. I placed it upon George Day's head, as I saw he had no hat. Mr Cooper came up shortly after, and he went to the prisoner's hut. We told prisoner to come out, or he would be burnt out. Prisoner replied "Put it out Harry" (Cooper), and went straight to George Day and the little girl of the latter said to her father, pointing to the prisoner's head, "That's your hat, father, and you have Longhurst's," and they exchanged hats.
Annie Day, an intelligent looking girl of about 10 years, daughter of George Day, said when n bed in the night of the 12th, she heard her father and Longhurst talking, and the latter say that they would not be there much longer. Longhurst was not in the cottage more than 10 minutes or a quarter of an hour. She was called up, being told that the house was on fire. Saw her father endavour to put the fire out. Afterwards he went for Mr Cooper. When he returned with Mr Cooper, she went to Longhurst's hut and called him. He gave no answer, but she heard him breathe hard. Went back to the cottage and assisted in getting the things out. When prisoner came up with Mr Cooper, she told prisoner he had her father's hat on, and that her father had his.
Henry Cooper said he was called up at ten minutes to two on Saturday morning by George Day, who told him the cottage was on fire. Day appeared to be sober. The fire had reached the eaves, and was breaking through the roof. Tried to put the fire out. Afterwards went to prisoner's hut. Prisoner appeared to be awaking up from sleep; he had had a little beer, but was not drunk. Prisoner has asked him 7 weeks before to let him the cottage George Day had, and he declined to.
Police Sergeant Hoar, at Hartley, said from what he had heard he went to the prisoner at a quarter past three. He asked him what time he had gone to bed. Prisoner said he could not say; but he had gone to Mr Dean's, who was not at home. Prisoner told him he then returned and went to George Day's cottage and had a "drain" of beer; then he went to bed, and knew nothing of the fire till called by Cooper in the morning. Asked prisoner to accompany him to Day and Cooper. Before these persons he asked him if it was true what George Day told him, that prisoner was in Day's cottage a few minutes before the fire. Prisoner did not reply; but afterwards he said he knew nothing about the fire. Witness then told him he should take him into custody on suspicion of setting fire to the cottages. Prisoner replied, "All right; you must do your duty." Prisoner had his own hat on. Found on him a fusee, knife and 1s 10d in money.
Prisoner, who said he was innocent, was then committed for trial at the assizes.
Dartford Chronicile. Charge of Arson
William Longhurst, a middle aged man of poor appearence, was charged on remand with having maliciously set fire to two cottages at Hartley, on the 12th inst., several persons being at the time therein. George Day living at Hartley, said the one cottage belonged to him, and the other to his father. They were tenants under T H Fleet esq. Prisoner, who lived in a shed between the two cottages, came in on that morning at about a quarter to two. Witness and his brother Henry were sitting up late talking, and were surprised at the visit. Prisoner went out threatening that he was going to leave the country and they should not be there long. Shortly afterward he found his own cottage on fire, and both were burned down. Henry Day brother, and Annie Day, daughter corroborated. William Cherry spoke to having seen prisoner walking fast along the Longfield Road without his hat. Mr Cooper, agent, said he went to Mr Longhurst’s hut, and that finding him apparently asleep, he roused him. PC Law said that the prisoner, when charged, made no reply. The case was sent for trial in the usual manner, prisoner briefly protesting his innocence.
[For notes see 17.5.1877]
Trains from Longfield to Victoria with time at Victoria in brackets: Mon-Sat 8.08 (9.25), 8.46 (9.55), 10.45 (11.50), 16.07 (17.20), 18.05 (19.18), 18.50 (19.45), 22.00 (23.20), Sun 8.39 (9.54), 11.25 (12.45), 18.54 (20.15), 21.55 (23.15).
Not very many changes from 1876 timetable.
Mr Stuart Barker sen, in moving the adoption of this recommendation, said that at the present time the horses were working too much. If the recommendation wre adopted, tehy would be enabled to give some over worked horses a day's rest, which would be beneficial both to the animals and the parish.
Mr Sale seconded, and it was carried unanimously." [A previous report in the paper of 24.11.1877 said in the previous 2 weeks the Walworth depot had received 2,243 loads of refuse and sent away 1,631 tons to Kent.]
Fawkham 60 (D trevillian 4, A Hollands 4, J Trevillian 3, W Hollands 27, W Webster 2, S Webster 1, J Hollands 0, J Maloney 11*, C Amos 2, O Hollands 2, E Webster 1, Extras 3 (H Bevan took 6 wickets).
All Saints 28 (J Bevan 5, H Bevan 13, J Dalton 0, J Gladdish 0, A Coomber 1, A Treadwell 0, G Williams 3, W Lane 1, H Thompson 1, G Hawes 0, H Clarke 0*, Extras 4)
[Reverse fixture at home ground of All Saints - Lennox Road, Gravesend, All Saints (66 & 45) beat Fawkham (27 & 27) by 57 runs. Gravesend Reporter 12.10.1878]
George Charles Wansbury of Hartley, grocer and publican, was summoned for having 3 unjust weights in his possession, and also with having a certain weighing machine deficient.
Mr Webb, inspector of weights and measures, said he visited the defendant's premises , and found, on examining his weighing machine , that it was three-quarters of an ounce against the purchaser. On examining the weights he found a half pound weight 2 drams light, a 2 ounce one 1 dram light, and the other one slightly deficient.
The defendant's plea was that he told his repairer of weights and measures (who resided at some distance) to come over and look after his scales previously to this, but he did not come. He was the only repairer of weights and scales in the district, and consequently he could not get them done elsewhere, or he would certainly have done so. He had always tried to do jstice to everyone. He was at present a dealer in pork and there had never been one complaint made against him before the cause of his weights being deficient was that when any pork was weighed the brine would run off the scales onto the counter where the weights wwere standing, and after a while the weights became deficient .. The Chairman told him to see his weights and scales more correct in future. He would now be fined 10 shillings and costs in each case.
[Mr Wansbury's shop at the Black Lion is first mentioned in an advert of 1877. I am not aware of any shop before then (excluding agriculture related business such as the wheelwright and smith).]
[The Invicta Bicycle Club is described as "old established". The earliest reference I can find is 1875.]
[Mr Hudson had only been the tenant of the farm since 1878, in succession to Captain Lawrie. He died at Hollingbourne the following year, aged 36 - Whitstable Times 18.9.1880]
[Before the house was built]
The chairman gave the usual loyal and patriotic toasts, that of "The Army, Navy and Reserve Forces" being suitably replied to by Colonel Evelyn.
(The South Eastern Gazette adds his speech: "he had seen a good deal of fighting in his youthful days, and he did not know that he should object to see a little more. There was, however, a bill to pay as a result of war, and a considerable portion of it fell on that unfortunate class of individuals, the owners and occupiers of land, so that if war were not necessary they had better ot engage in it [applause]. As to their present complications with Russia and Turkey, he could not help thinking it would be better if they were clar of the whole business.")
The chairman then rose to propose the toast of the evening He called upon the men of Newington to drink to the prosperity of their friends and customers. He was pleased to see so many farmers present on that occasion, but still he should have liked to have had the gratification of presiding over a greater number. (Hear, hear and applause). Nevertheless, he hoped they would return home satisfied, and increase, if possible, the number of customers for the refuse at the disposal of the Depot Committee (Hear, hear). The past season, from first to last, had been bad for the farmers, and he hoped it would be the worst they would see for many years to come, for Byron had said when things were at the worst they sometimes mended. All he could say was that if their friends wanted treble the amount of manure, they could not do better than deal with the Newington Vestry (hear, hear). He was at the West Kent agricultural meeting the previous week, when gentlemen were expected who did not attend. He referred more particularly to Sir W Hart-Dyke and Sir Charles Mills, and he thought it would have been better if they had made an effort to be present (hear, hear). It was exceedingly gratifying to find that some of what was formerly the worst land in Kent had taken prizes through patronising the depot of Newington and Mr Goodyear of Eynsford was the recipient of the first prize at the show. Their excellent vestry clerk had reminded him that he must not forget the brickmakers, who dealt largely with them. He should feel that he had grossly neglected his duty as chairman if he allowed himself to be so unmindful. They were good customers, and he trusted they would continue to be so. He believed their motto would be 'nil desperandum', and he hoped as next year woudl be an exceptional one, being 5 Sundays in February, that their crops would be unusually heavy (hear, hear). He therefore begged to propose 'Health and prosperity to the farmers and brickmakers, the friends and customers of Newington Vestry.' coupled with the names of Mr Richardson, Mr Reed, Mr Allen, Mr Vincent and Mr Goodyear (cheers).
Mr Richardson responded for the brickmakers, observing that he liked to do business with Newington, as he had alsways found matters satisfactory.
Mr Reed, as a young farmer, had had about 1,000 tons of the 'Newington Mixture', and it appeared to him to be worth more now than formerly (hear, hear).
Mr Allen thought such gatherings cemented friendships and increased business, and he felt there was honour conferred upon them by the presence of Colonel Evelyn (cheers). He considered that they had done good service to the district, for John Wood and himself were the first to take away from Newington that which was a burden to them. However, he would remind the vestry of the wisdom of not puttinig up the price too high (hear and laughter).
Mr Goodyear then followed, remarking that when he had a good order, as a commercial man he invariably invited his customers to dinner. (hear, hear and laughter). It was true he had received a first class prize for growing swedes through using the Newington Mixture, which he had a belief in. After all, he considered the fact of his winning the prize a very good advertisement for the Newing Depot Committee (hear, hear).
Mr Visnon was the next to respond and in doing so said he felt indebted to the Newington Vestry for the facilities they had offered the farmers, and which had enabled them to grow heavier crops (hear, hear).
Mr W Malthouse (vice chairman), proposed 'The Health of the Chairman of the Depot Committee, Mr Charles Hart' (cheers). That gentleman was indefatigable in carrying out the duties of his office, and he hoped he would long continue to do so (hear and cheers).
The chairman heartily thanked the vice-chairman for the kindly mention of his name, and also for the way in which it had been received by the company. He had been 10 years closely connected with the Newington Vestry, and he considered that he had been amply repaid that evening by the way in which his services - such as they were - had been appreciated (cheers). Mr Allen proposed 'The Auditors' coupled with the names of Mr Williams, Mr Goodall, and Mr Sexton (hear and applause).
Mr Williams, as one of the auditors of Newington Vestry, was quite prepared to assert that, so well were the accounts kept, that it was but one roudn of pleasure in being an auditor. The proceedings of that evening had been a source of pleasure to him, and especially so in listening to the remarks of Messrs Vincent, Richardson, Allen, Goodyear and Reed. He ahd no doubt but that the vetry of Newington would at all times be ready to business with the in a liberal spirit (hear and cheers). He was gratified at the fact of a first class prize having been won by Mr Goodyear. Indeed, there appeared to be no doubt - in fact, it had been admitted - that if gentelmen wished to grow large crops, they could not do better than use the 'mixture' (laughter and cheers). Mr Goodall, as auditor, also responded.
The chairman then 'The Health of the vice-chairman, Mr W Malthouse'. The vice-chairman, in response, observed that the interests of Newington were in a great measure bound up with the farmers of Kent, on behalf of whom he fanied he could again see the silver cloud of prosperity looming in the distance. He thanked the chairman for the compliment, as also the farmers of Kent for the cordial receiption of his name, and wished them every properity (hear and cheers).
Mr J Marsland proposed 'The Agricultural Interest' coupled with the name of Mr Hartridge, who replied, and proposed 'The Vestry Clerk' (hear, hear). Mr Dunham, in reply, stated although the prizes given by the Vestry for the best roots grown from land manured with the Newington Mixture had been this year handed over to the West Kent Agricultural Association for distributionn, he was in favour of such prizes being awarded at these annual meetings, as only a limited number of those taking 'the mixture' had an opportunity of competing. It must not be thought from this suggestion that he would advise the vestry to withdraw their connection with the West Kent Association. There were other ways in which the vestry might give their support to this association, and he ahd no doubt that the Deot Committee would help them to make their annual meetings in the future as successful as they had been in the past.
The company shortly after separated, one and all having expressed themselves well pleased with the proceedings of the meeting. The members of the committee left Gravesend by the 10.45 train for London.
[There is a slightly different account in the South Eastern Gazette of 15.11.1879. Newington Vestry had a depot in Hartley Bottom Road by the railway line where they sold manure from the streets of Walworth called "Newington Mixture", and also ashes from burning coal to the brickmakers. At this time they held annual dinners for their customers and members of the Depot Committee.
The dinners were very controverial in Newington. The 1877 dinner cost £50, and some members said the 1878 dinner at the Bull, Dartford was an unlawful item of expenditure because the Vestry hadn't approved it, although the council retrospectively approved it. It was hinted that the auditors were guilty of a conflict of interest because they attended the dinner too as they would do again in 1879.
Both local papers criticised the expenditure with the South London Chronicle saying (31.5.1879) "The fierce light which beats upon an election is a rare revealer of secrets. This week there has been a Vestry election in Newington, and more than one curious fact of the doings of the past yer has come to light. The members of the Depot Committee of the said Vestry especially have been exposed to this fiery trial. They are a gay festive lot, and do not believe in serving the public without a fair return in the shape of 'cakes and ale'. But really, gentlemen of the Depot Committee, £12 for champagne, and £7 for other wines, £3 for cigars and £5 9s for railway fares, all to set forth one dinner at Dartford, is a 'leetle' too stiff in these hard times. The Depot Committee has something to do with the parochial dust, if I mistake not. £19 worth of wine ought to wash a goodly amount of dust down Vestry throats. Evidently Dartford is the place to spend a happy day."
The report drew a letter from T Taylor of Walworth in the paper of 29.11.1879. He noted Mr Malthouse had previously been against the project, and had defeated Mr Taylor at the last election by criticising him for attending last year's dinner at The Bull, Dartford - an event he said he would have glady paid to stay away from!]
[As in the similar report in 1875, Mr Barton bought much of his meat from Mr J T Smith, the owner of Fairby.]