[She was brought up to the West Kent Quarter Sessions and acquitted, paper said her name was Drusilla Luck - Kentish Gazette 13.3.1860]
Mr William Hodsoll is favoured with instructions to sell by auction, at the Lion Hotel, Farningham on Thursday April 12th 1860 at 2 o'clock...... At the same time and place will be sold, 18,000 of 10 feet, 14 feet and 16 feet hop poles, lying in Hartley Wood.... The timber etc may be viewed on application to... Mr Allen, Hartley....."
Miles Overton, a labourer on the railway, said he had known the deceased for about 7 months and worked with him on the line. On Wednesday evening last, about 5 o'clock, witness was at work with deceased on the line of railway at Longfield Hill; witness was brakesman; there were 3 carriages at work; there were no other persons but those two. The carriages were loaded with chalk, containing 3 tons each; withness was on the last carriage at the time; they were being drawn by a horse which was driven by the police. The horse came out at the usual place and deceased was in the act of unhooking the chain from the first carriage; witness, however, observing that the deceased could not unhook the carriage applied the brake and stopped the carriage as quick as he could, but deceased got entangled with the chain, and he was thrown towards the near wheel of the first carriage on his face and dragged under, the wheel stopping on the centre of his arm; witness was still at the brake; the carriages then stopped and he jumped off and called for assistance; deceased was saying 'do get them off me.' The chain belonging to the horse was twisted round his neck and he was bleeding at the mouth. Assistance having been procured, deceased was put in the car and brought over to the Gravesend and Milton Infirmary by direction of witness's employer. There was hardly any incline, but nearly on a level and they were going at a walking pace.
Dr Armstrong deposed that he was on the rotation for the week at the Infirmary; on Wednesday evening he wsa sent for to the Infirmary; on arriving there he found the deceased still alive, but in a hopeless state from serious injuries about the chest and back. The right arm was broken near the shoulder. As far as he could judge all the ribs on the right side were smashed and the blade on the scapula broken in several pieces. He was faint and weak and this continued till his death. The injuries were so extensive as to render his recovery impossible. Every assistance was rendered that it was possible to afford. He died on Thursday afternoon, about 2 o'clock.
Mr Rowland Hall, general manager and superintendent for Messrs Peto & Co, on the London, Chatham and Dover Railway, stated that the deceased and last witness were employed by him at the cutting at Longfield Hill. The deceased gave his name as James Cheesman, from Etchingham or Hurst Green in Sussex; he was about 19. On the day in question the deceased and Overton were at their ordinary work. The three carriages were not more than they were able to manage; in fact, they have often managed a dozen carriages. Witness was standing about 200 yards away from the carriages, but on being called went to the spot with several men, and found the deceased under the wheel. There was no blame to be attached either to the deceased or Overton. Witness put the deceased into a carriage and caused him to be taken to Gravesend, being the nearest spot for medical assistance. The deceased was perfectly sober at the time, and was a steady, industrious man.
Verdict: Accidental death. Mr Stall stated that the Company would be at the expense of the funeral."
When the sand doth feed the clay
Then for England well a day!
Yours truly W E Hickson"
[The main areas affected were Maidstone, Sevenoaks, Tonbridge, Wrotham and others with the epicentre believed to be 7 miles west of Maidstone. Uncertain if Hartley was affected but the quake was felt at Meopham and Stansted.]
[The Oddfellows were a mutual help society, which still exists as a Friendly Society today. According to the 1875 return of the Dartford District, the Heart of Oak lodge based in Hartley was founded in 1852 and met at the Black Lion every 4th Saturday. It was well supported with 69 members. The Oddfellows Heart of Oak lodge were still going in at least 1937.]
[Earlier Dartford Magistrates Court appearance mentioned in South Eastern Gazette 22.4.1862, said he was remanded until the trial and named the victim as Harriet Fry]
To be sold by auction by Mr Wm Mungeam, on Thursday, September 25th, 1862, sale to commence at 1 o'clock.
Comprising 6 capital cart horses, 1 cart colt, rising 3 years old, 3 milch cows, 5 short horned heiffers forward in condition, 1 weaning calf, 15 southdown ewe tegs in good condition, waggons, dung carts, ploughts, harrows, woodland rollers, bean brake, hop nidgets, cleaning machine, cutting box, Bentalls scarifier, horse rake, manure drill, hop bins, cloths and pokes, scales, beam and weights, about 100 hurdle gates, waggon and plough harnesses and effects."
£200 to the East Kent and Canterbury Hospital
£200 to the Midland Institution for the Blind
£200 to the Leicester Infirmary
£200 to the Stafford Infirmary
£100 each to each of the 20 following charitable institutions: Royal Free Hospital, Gray's Inn Road; St Mark's Hospital, City Road; Hospital for Sick Children, Great Ormond Street; University College Hospital; Hospital at Brompton for Consumption; St Mary's Hospital, Paddington; Strangers' Friend Society; Royal General Annuity Society; Society for the Suppression of Mendicity; London Socity for the Protection of Young Females; Female Aid Society (late London Female Mission); Indigent Blind Visiting Society; Ragged School Union; Fox Court Ragged Schools, Gray's Inn Lane; Great Northern Hospital, King's Cross; Adult Orphan's Institution; Trinity National School, Bedford Road; Field Lane Ragged School and Night Refuge for the Utterly Destitute; Bethnal Green Philanthropic Pension Society and City of London Hospital for Diseases of the Chest.
The testator also devises houses and land woods and woodlands in the parishes of Fawkham, Ash, Hartley, Horton Kirby, Milton next Gravesend, Plumstead, Meopham and Luddesdown in the county of Kent, to the Governors of the Westminster Hospital.
He gives his manor of Ashborne and houses and land in Caldow and Carlton, Staffordshire; Whitwick, Thringstone, Belton, Shepshed and Dadlington in Leicestershire to St George's Hospital.
He gives his fee farm rents in the counties of Middlesex, Surrey, Sussex and Chester, and his houses and land at Windsor, Wapping, Kingston upon Thames, East Greenwich, Croydon and Fulwood House, and all the residue of his personal estate, to the Middlesex Hospital.
Mr Cropper has also left several small estates and legacies to his friends, and appointed W Latham esq, solicitor, Melton Mowbray, and George Capes esq, solicitor, Gray's Inn, his executors or trustees. This gentleman was a native of Loughborough, and died at the age of 79 and left no relatives, his only son having died unmarried about 23 years ago. The rent of the property devised to Westminster Hospital amounts to about £800 p.a.; to St George's Hospital, £300; and the Middlesex Hospitl will receive in rents £1,000 p.a, and money to amount of £4,000. These hospitals are enabled, by special acts of Parliament, to receive lands, notwithstanding the Statute of Mortmain."
[Pennis Farm is mostly in Fawkham, but did include about 4 fields in Hartley on the western boundary too. The rents from Pennis etc, are said to be worth £800 p.a which is equivalent to about £60,000 today.]
Greater publicity than usual having been given to the gaterhing, and the day being fine, a very large number of persons were present, including the principal families of the district....... The proceedings were carried out in a most beautiful spot, and it was in every way admirably adapted for the object, being a level plain nearly a mile in length. The course was properly fenced, and was well kept by a body of the metropolitan police, under Supt Bray, and Inspectors Kent and Nimmo. Apart from the racing there wasa all th paraphernalia of a first class fair, and the lovers of music were delighted with the excellent playing of the Royal Artillery Band from Woolwich, under Mr Smyth......
The Farmers' Race - A silver cup given by R Birbeck esq for horses which have regularly been hunted with the West Kent, Old Surrey or Burstow's foxhounds, or Mr Russell's harriers, the property of and to be ridden by, farmers or their sons.
Three-quarters of a mile, 7 entries. 1st Mr W Bensted's (Hartley) Harkforward; 2nd Mr Thorne's Perseverance; 3rd Mr F W Smith's High Flyer.....
Hurdle Race - Open to horses that have run the Farmer's Race, and the Whip. Entry 10s. 12 ran. 1st Mr H Jenner jun's Jumping Powder; 2nd Mr B W Lubbock's Quicksilver; 3rd Mr W Benstead's Harkforward.
.....Foot Races etc.....For the prize for the high jump there were 9 competitors, and it was won by Mr F Lubbock, who cleared 4ft 11in; Mr Benstead of Hartley, near Dartford, being second....."
[Mr Bensted lived at Hartley Court]
To be sold by auction by Mr William Hodsoll on Friday October 30th 1863 at 2 for 3 o'clock at the Portobello Inn, Kingsdown, near Farningham, Kent.
The underwood on the St Clere Estate will be shown on application to John Baker, gamekeeper at Heversham near Kemsing, and that in Hartley Wood may be viewed on application to Mr Allen, Hartley Court..."
John Dent, a ganger on the railway, said on the day named he sat down and went to sleep. Previous to going to sleep he had his watch quite safe; and when he awoke he found it was gone. The watch produced was the one he had. The prisoner was in his company when he fell asleep.
Henry Heckoney, a watchmaker, proved that the prisoner brought the watch in question to hime to be repaired. He took it to repair, and lent prisoner another in the meantime. He was quite sure prisoner was the man who brought the watch to him.
James Roberts, a police constable, proved finding the prisoner in the parish of Darenth. Prisoner, on being asked about it, took out the wathc and gave it to him. He said he bought the watch at Gravesend, and gave 15 shillings for it. He was quite sure prisoner said he bought the watch at Gravesend.
Guilty. Three months' hard labour."
Yours obediently, A mid-Kent Farmer."
[It would not be until 1872 that the writer of the letter would get his wish.]
The property is close to the contemplated station of the London, chatham and Dover railway, about to be erected at Fawkham, is suitable for building purposes, and contains a quantity of excellent brick earth..."
[The case related to money belonging to Catherine Hayes. It shows that people were prepared to walk a long way on business, for she and the accused walked together from Hartley Bottom to Gravesend. Catherine Hayes could be the Catherine, born in Cork, Ireland in 1845 and working as a servant at the Royal Oak Pub at Spital Street, Dartford in 1861.]
[The transfer of licence may have had something to do with the recent prosecution for Sunday Trading, as it would have made a renewal less likely.]
….We will, therefore, proceed with the much more pleasant duty of printing an application, in which a charitable appeal is made to the kindly feeling of the Justices in behalf of an unfortunatel fellow creature:-
'To the Right Worshipful the justices of his majesty's peace for the county of kent, at hir Quarter Sessions.
We, the inhabitants of the parish of Fawkham, in the county of Kent, whose names are hereunder written, do signify unto your lordships, that upon Monday, being the 22 day of August last past, a great part of the dwelling house and goods therein of our poor neighbour Thomas Smithe, the bearer hereof, was utterly wasted and consumed by fire, to the value of £20 and upwards, and that he himself, in venturing to save his said house and goods, was very sore bruised and hurt, to the great hinderance and undoing of him, his poor wife, and family. (The premises understood) we most humbly beseech your good worships to extend your favourable friendship towards our said poor neighbour, that he may have some relief out of the county stock, or otherwise as shall seem best by your good worships, towards his great loss and hinderance. For the which, not only we, but he and his poor wife and family shall be bound daily to pray unto the Almighty God for your worships' long and prosperous healths, with the increase of worship. Amen. Dated the 7th day of April, Anno Domini 1605. By me William Baker, clerk and parson there; Thomas Walter gentleman, John Marshal, Abraham Haskek, Thomas Warde, Thomas Carrier.'
It was not in the power of the justices of the peace assembled at Maidstone to resist such an appeal as this, so it was unanimously resolved that a grant of 60 shillings should be allowed to the petitioner, out of the county funds....."
[This case and the one later in the year of William Saxton show the limited freedom of farm labourers before trade unions. While to us this seems an entirely civil matter, Mr Mungeam was able to bring the full force of the criminal law on his employee.]
[The ruins of the old house in Chapelwood were rediscovered in 1927. Like Rev Bancks sixty years later, the ruins were wrongly assumed to be Roman.]
also 26 Freehold inns and public houses viz, The Black Boy, The Crown, The Cricketers, the Windmill, the Waterman's Arms and the Long Reach Tavern, all situate at Dartford; the Brown Bear, Greenhithe; the Railway Hotel and Blue Anchor, Swanscombe; the Bull, Hawley; the Jolly Millers, South Darenth; the Chequers, Farningham; the Portobello Inn, Kingsdown; the White Swan, Ash; the Black Lion, Hartley; the King's Head, Bexley, the Red Cross, North Cray; Five Bells, St Mary's Cray; New Inn, Farnborough; Blacksmith's Arms, Cudham; One Bell, Crayford; Fox and Hounds, Darenth; Rising Sun, Fawkham; the Ship, Southfleet; Six Bells, Northfleet; King's Arms, Eltham; all in excellent condition, let to old and respectable tenants at manifestly low rents, amounting to £800 per annum, together with the goodwill in Trde arising from the aforesaid house, as also from several others, held by lease etc. If it is desired, £15,000 of the purchase money can remain on mortgage for a period of 7 years, upon interest at the rate of 5% per annum. The Brewery can be viewed by cards from the Auctioneer....."
[The Morning Advertiser of 27 June 1865 records the auction realised £32,100.]
The neat and useful household furniture, comprising mahogany 4 post and other bedsteads, mahogany chests of drawers, washstands, toilet tables etc etc. The dining and drawing room furniture includes mahogany chairs in morocco, dining and other tables, 2 sofas, 2 pianofortes, Turkey and other carpets.
Library - a large quantity of books, pair of globes etc etc.
Also sundry culinary and dairy utensils, a patent mangle, garden tools, iron roller, dog cart, harness, saddles and bridles, and numerous effects."
Dr Bullen, surgeon to Lambeth Workhouse, stated that prisoner had before been held to bail, and in default suffered 6 months for a similar offence. He was of weak mind, and had been confined in the County Asylum. The following letter had been sent to him by the prisoner:
""July 23, 1865 - To Mr Bullen - Now, Bullen, you may think that you have done it up fine by taking that false oath, but you must look out for your blood head. I, William Parris, will pop a bullet in your head yet, you blood murderer, and will be hung for you yet. I told you I would stick to you like the cabman did Muller, you blood murderer of hell flames; I will have you yet. Your or also me must have a coffin, or both of us.""
A letter of similar style was produced, which had been sent to Mr Worster, of the Vauxhall Gas Works, where prisoner had been employed, and contained threats of murdering him.
Revell, one of the warrant officers attached to the court, said he took prisoner at the King's Arms, Hartley Bottom, Kent, where he had just finished and was about posting a letter addressed to Sir G Grey, which was as follows:
""Let him beware. I, William Parris, formerly called Woolwich Will, now at the King's Arms, Hartley Bottom, now write to ask you how long you are going to hide them blood murderers at Lambeth. If you don't soon make a stire in it I must have a bill stuck up. I will not hide murders and blood scandals, and I mean to stick to them as the cabman did Muller."" ""
[William Parris is recorded as being admitted to the Surrey County Asylum on 1 May 1865 and discharged as ""recovered"" on 12 June 1865. O 18 July 1866 he was back in the asylum, where he stayed until discharge on 2 April 1867. On 14 August1865 he had pleaded guilty at the Old Bailey for sending another threatening letter, the court sentenced him to 6 months for this in October 1865.]
Messrs Cobb are directed to sell by auction at the London Tavern, Bishopsgate Street, London, on Friday, the 6th day of October 1865 at 12 o'clock, a portion of the valuable Freehold Property, known as Longfield Court Estate in 8 lots, as follows:
Lot 1 - the comfortable and substantial residence called Longfield Court, close to the church. It contains 6 bedrooms, dining and drawing rooms, library, kitchen, offices, coachhouse and stabling, together with 3 cottages, barn, lodges, oasthouse, and 22a 0r 14p of arable and pasture land.
Lot 2 - 11a 1r 16p of arable land, on the Longfield Road, adjoining lot 1.
Lot 3 - 12a 0r 15p of arable and woodland, adjoining lot 2.
Lot 4 - 9a 2r 0p of arable land, opposite lot 1 on the Hartley Road.
Lot 5 - 16a 1r 2p of arable land, adjoining lot 4.
Lot 6 - 15a 0r 24r of arable land, on the Dartford and Fawkham Roads.
Lot 7 - 3a 1r 7p of arable land, on the Fawkham Road, on the south side of the London, Chatham and Dover Railway.
Lot 8 - 24a 1r 15p of arable, hop and woodland. This lot has a quantity of ornamental timber on it, and commands fine views of the surrounding country.
The proposed stateio, for which land is retained next lots 4, 5 and 8, will, when made, render the greater portion of the property eligible for building purposes, the locality being proverbally the healthiest in the county. Possession may be had on completion of the purchase.
Longfield Court Farm - Messrs Cobb are directed by W Rashleigh esq to sell by auction, on the premises, on Thursday, the 12th day of October 1865, at 10 for 11 o'clock precisely. The valuable live and dead farming stock, including 6 powerful cart horses, a useful pone, quiet to ride and drive, 10 pigs, waggons, ploughs, dung carts, rollers, thrashing and chaff cutting machines, with other implement, harness etc; also 2 stacks of excellent hay."
[Gravesend Journal 7.2.1866 reported "Charles Lovell sentanced to 2 months hard labour for stealing a coat worth 10s"]
[For more details of this boxing match, see article The Prize Fight at Longfield 1866.]
(Maidstone Journal, 27.8.1866) "Sarah Buckingham and Emma Reelty, servants in the service of Mr Josiah Rolls, of Pennis House, fawkham, and who were remanded on a charge of robbery, were discharged on the application of Mr Ribton, who informed the bench that as Mr Rolls had great doubt as to whether there was any felonious intention on the part of the defendants, he was desirous of withdrawing from the prosecution, to which the bench consented."
[This was not the first time Mr Rolls had brought charges against someone, only to have second thoughts, see Gravesend Reporter 10.10.1863 above]
[At this time it was still called Hartley Wood Farm, as it had been since 1726. The Gravesend Reporter of 1 December 1866 reported William Longhurst was sentenced to 2 months' hard labour, his brother Edward was discharged.]
[The Gravesend Journal of 13.2.1867 said the magistrates dismissed the charge for unsatisfactory evidence]
[The disease was not foot and mouth but Rinderpest]
The choir then proceeded to the Cathedral, where the service began at 3.30. The clergy and supliced choirs robed in the Chapter Room, and proceeded through the choir to their respective places in the nave, singing the processional hymn. The prayers were intoned by the Rev T T Griffith, and the Ven Archdeacon Grant read the lessons. The Cathedral was densely crowded, and the singing was faultless and showed the great amount of practice the chors had gone through.
The sermon was preached by the Very Rev W F Hook DD, Dean of Chichester, who selected for his text Ezra 3, 10 and 11 verses.......
The choir, th the number of about 600, partook of a sumptuous repast, served up in excellent style by Mr Fisher of the King's Head Hotel. The males, numbering 400, sat down at the Corn Exchange, while the females, were accommodated at the King's Head Hotel, and notwithstanding the large number to be provide for, Mr Fisher so carried our the arrangement that not the slightest confusion occurred."
[Not sure where Mrs Patching lived, as there is no-one of that surname living in Hartley in the 1861 or 1871 census, so she presumably only lived a short time here. Alfred Tyer is listed in the Post Office Directory of 1867 as being a grocer and cheesemonger, his shop was in the High Street.]
Mary King, 35, was charged with uttering counterfeit coin at Colchester, on the 5th November 1867. Mr Croome prosecuted. In this case the prisoner went to the shop of Mr E M Watson, milliner, High Street, and asked Miss Jane Watson to look at some muffs, one of which she chose, and in payment tendered a shilling, five sixpences and 4 penny pieces (3s 9d). After she had left the shop Miss Watson, thinking the shilling was counterfeit, handed it to her father, who, on testing it, discovered it was a bad one. Miss Watson then followed the prisoner, and finding her in St Nicholas Court told her she had given her a bad shilling. Prisoner said she was not aware of the fact, and at Miss Watson's request, returned to the shop, where she was given into custody. On being charged with the offence she said she must have taken the shilling in change at a red-bricked house about 3½ miles on the London Road as she was coming into the town On the room which prisoner occupied in Magdelen Street being search a quanitity of plaster of Paris, sand, some pieces of copper wire, a melting ladle, and a small piece of metal were found. Evidence was also given that the prisoner had tendered 2 bad shillings in payment for a muff to Mrs Nichols, milliner, Crouch Street. In defence, the prisoner said she did not know that the shilling she had tendered to Miss Watson was a bad one; and dneied that she was ever at Mrs Nichols' shop in her life, or that she ever saw her before her first examination before the Magistrates The Recorder having summed up, the Jury found the prisoner guilty. The Recorder (H J Bushby esq), in sentencing the prisoner, said considering the serious consequences to other parties among whom conterfeit coin might be passed, the law visited the offence with great severity. He perceived she had already been in gaol 2 months, and he could not help thinking she had been the tool of the man with whom she had been living, both of which circumstances he should take into consideration. He could not, however, pass a lighter sentence upon her than 3 calendar months' hard labour."
[The accused, Mary Ann King, at her commital was said to be "respectably dressed" and told the magistrates she was from Hartley in Kent (Essex Standard 8.11.1867). There is a chance that it could be the other Hartley therefore. There was a Mary King living at the other Hartley in 1851, but she had married by 1853. In 1861 Census there was a Mary King living at Stone, near Dartford, and our Hartley being nearer Essex, it is more probable she was living here at the time. She was barely out of prison when she was convicted and sentenced to 7 days for being drunk in Colchester (Essex Standard 15.4.1868). A previous case in 1865 saw her getting 6 months for obtaining money by false pretences, an offence she had previously been convicted of in Suffolk. She was then described as being a hawker (Chelmsford Chronicle 30.6.1865)]
The Hon Ralph Nevill next proposed [a toast to] the "owners of the coverts" (Sir PH Dyke, J Wingfield Stratford, W Waring, Thomas Colyer, S C Umfreville esqrs and others). He said looking at the manner in which shooting was followed in the present day, he thought the supporters of fox hunting in West Kent might congratulate themselves upon having so many owners of coverts who were unmistakenably well affected fox preservers... There had not been one blank day during the past season, and he looked forward with pleasure to the prospects for the next....
Mr Waring also returned thanks, and in so doing observed that he was, always had been and hoped he always would be a preserver of foxes, but it was a trying position to fill, and very annoying to find that their best foxes, when they get to know any extent of country, got killed illegitimately on land where they were not welcome, and had not been brought up (cheers).....
The noble Chairman proposed the health of the tenant farmers, describing them as a body of gentlemen without whose concurrance and support fox hunting could not exist and to whom, therefore the hunting community was much indebted.....
Mr Treadwell likewise returned thanks, saying he had not always liked fox hunting; but so long as gentlemen rode as fairly as they did now in West Kent, he did not think there was any cause of complaint...
The Vice Chairman [said.....] his was not always a pleasant position... for it must always be remembered that fox hunting required the cooperation of all classes from the lord to the labourer, but above all calsses he considered it was to the tenant farmer class that they were the most indebted for their sport and they ought at all times to be treated with respect and courtesy. He was sorry to have occasion to allude to two instances to the contrary which had occurred at Ash and Hartley. He felt sure, however than in neither of those cases would the farmer continue unpleasant measures if those who followed the hounds acted as they ought to act, and as their much respected master, and in fact all connected with the hunt, wished them to act. With a pack of hounds regularly advertised, and there was no wish to debar anyone from participating in the sport, large fields were constantly out, and it was impossible for the master to be answerable to every one, but it is to be desired that those who do come out should act like gentlemen (loudly applauded throughout)........."
[This is an extract of a report of the West Kent Hunt's annual dinner. It is clear from many of the comments that they actually encouraged the fox population, so they would have something to hunt. The comments of Mr Waring show they took it amiss if someone shot a fox on their land to protect their livestock. Some of their staff ran "coverts" which were little copses of wood in open fields, which encouraged foxes to build earths there.
The hunt did acknowledge that they had been bad neighbours in Hartley and Ash where the local farmers were taking unspecified "unpleasant measures" against them.]
From Mr JA Edmeades, Southfleet 'The Hazels, Southfleet, April 17th 1868. Dear Sir, - Having witnessed the extraordinary efficiacy of your hop wash in arresting the progress of vermin, I have pleasure in bearing testimony to its thorough adaptation to the end proposed. I am further of opinion that the preparation not only eradicates disease, but acts also as an invigorative stimulant to the plant itself. As you have been enaabled by private enterprise to demonstrate to hop growers in general, a most important result, I think you are fairly entitled to claim their support and patronage, whilst offering to the public a sure remedy at a very moderate cost. Wishing you success..."
[Just like Bathsheba Evedine in Far from the Madding Crowd]
[Sllight problem is that there was no christening at Hartley Church on 28 October 1868. Only one lot of christenings in October - siblings Harry, Elizabeth and William Barnes on 25 October. This story was widely reported throughout the country.]
[The Standard 12.6.1869 stated the cottages were rented at £21 pa.]