Interesting for being the earliest reference to Manor Drive. It was not mentioned when the property was marketed in 1884, and so the road can be dated to the period 1884-1890.
The Bromley Times of 5.9.1890 reported that Mr F D Barnes of Bickley was the purchaser by private contract. The paper's edition of 23.1.1891 reported that the sale price was £10,000 - for nearly half the area of Hartley!
Kent - Freehold residential estate, about 1 mile from Fawkham Station on the London, Chatham and Dover Railway, 6 miles from Gravesend and Dartford, and about 24 miles from London.
Messrs Daniel Smith, Sona nd Oakley have received instructions to offer for sale by auction in the month of July (unless previously sold by private contract), the Hartley Manor Estate, in the parishes of Hartley and Longfield, comprising a gentleman's residence of moderate size, a large farm house, outbuildings, several cottages, and 585 acres of land in a ring fence, of which about 137 acres are thriving woodlands and the rest arable and pasture, offering a good opportunity for investment, and also for occupation and sporting. The house, known as Hartley Manor, stands of high ground, approached by a long carriage drive, and contains 7 bedrooms, 2 attics, entrance hall, dining room, library, drawing room, conservatory, and usual domestic offices. There are also 2 farms known as Hartley Court and Hartley Bottom, each having farm house, homesteead and several cottages respectively. The estate contains a valuable bed of brick earth and pottery clay, and also of flints, which are now being worked with a siding on the railway.....
17 January 1891 - John Middleton, aged 103
John Middleton was born in Horton Kirby but had lived at Hartley since at least 1841. The Morning Post of 1.1.1892 in a general article about longevity mentions that he was a shepherd for most of his life.
A man named John Middleton, of Hartley, died in the Dartford Workhouse last week at the advanced age of 103 years. Deceased maintained all his faculties till the last, and enjoyed the Christmas festivities with the other inmates.
9 May 1891 - Sale of Furniture from Bay Lodge
The Gravesend Reporter of 4.4.1891 carried a brief advert to sell the business.
"Bay Cottage", Hartley, Kent
Mr Hodsoll is instructed by the executors of the late Mr Deane, to sell by auction on the premises, as above, on Friday, May 15th, 1891 at 12 for 1pm all the valuable household furniture.
Comprising mahogany, Arabian and other bedsteads, superior feather beds and bedding, mahogany chests of drawers, washstands with marble tops, toilet tables and glasses, Brussels and other carpets, mahogany secretary and bookcase, couches, chairs, loo and other tables, chimney glasses, silver plate, plated articles, china, glass, Baker's patent mangle, culinary utensils etc.....
29 May 1891 - Sale of Contents of Bay Lodge, Ash Road
By order of the executors of the late Mr Deane - Hartley Kent
To wheelwrights, carpenters, undertakers etc.
Mr Hodsoll will sell by auction, on the premises, as above, on Friday June 5, 1891 at 11 for 12 o'clock, the valuable stock in trade, comprising seasoned oak, ash and elm planks and boards, wheels, felloes, spokes, naves and other useful timber, axles and other iron work, timber chains, pit and cross cut saws, ladders, quantity of tools, nuts, bolts, screws, nails, undertaker's furniture, and numerous useful effects.
Catalogues may be had at the Black Lion Inn, Hartley, and of the auctioner, Farningham, Kent.
3 June 1891 - Coachman wants place
The adverts are written in a kind of standard shorthand. Mr Day's employer was leaving Hartley so he needed to find a new situation.
Coachman, single handed. Drive well pair or single. Age 24. 2 years 6 months good character. Leaving or giving up. Married when suited. F Day, Hartley House, Hartley, Near Dartford, Kent.
21 May 1892 - Freehold of Bay Lodge, Ash Road, for sale
By order of the trustees of the will of Thomas Deane (deceased)
Hartley, near the Fawkham Railway Station, Kent. A valuable freehold property, situate on the High Road, leading from Fawkham Station to Ash, Kingsdown and Kemsing.
Messrs Glover & Homewood have received instructions to submit to auction on Wednesday, May 25th, 1892 at the New Falcon Hotel, Gravesend at 3 o'clock precisely, a charmingly situated detached residence, standing in a garden containing 29 perches, on the High Road in the parish of Hartley, Kent, in the occupation of Mr T R Mabe, at £16 per annum; also the Wheelwright's Shop, Lodge, Sawpit and premises adjoining, let on lease to Mr Elvy Cooper, at £10 per annum; the whole possessing a frontage to the high road of 200 feet, and producing a rental of £26 per annum, clear of all rates.......
31 December 1892 - Funeral of J S Caddel
Funeral of the late Mr Caddel
The remains of the late Mr J S Caddel of King Street were interred, on Wednesday last, in the family vault in Hartley Churchyard, near Longfield. The funeral cortege, consisting of a Washington car and 5 coaches, left Gravesend soon after 12 o'clock, the mourners including Mr J S Caddel jun and his 4 brothers, and other relatives and friends, among whom we noticed Messrs George Rackstraw, Gaynam Rackstraw, Richmond, Gould (Harmer Street), J L Boorman, S Smither and Guy Fletcher, the two last coaches being occupied by the employees of the late Mr Caddel The coffin was made of best oak, polished with brass fittings, and it was literally covered with floral mementoes of esteem and affection. The Rev W W Allen, vicar, read the burial service, while the funeral arrangements were carefully carried out by Messrs J T Cooper & Son, King Street.
8 January 1893 - Colonel Hartley's cab fare
Westminster - Carman and Fare
Lieut-col Hartley of the Old Downs, Hartley, near Dartford, summoned a cabdriver, named Henry George Eliven, of Monra Mews, Notting Hill, for misconduct. The prosecutor availed himself of a right which is very rarely exercised, viz that of ordering the cabman who disputed with his fare to drive forthwith to the nearest police court, there to have the immediate adjudication of the sitting magistrate. On the forenoon of the 22nd ult, Col Hartley came from Portobello Road, Notting Hill, to Victoria Station in defendant's cab with 2 packages outside. He gave defendant 2s 6d, and said that he was about to give him another 6d, when the man demanded 4s - complainant asked the cabman to show his badge and book of fares. Eliven had neither, and followed witness into the station, demading his card and abusing him. Mr De Rutzen, taking into account the cabman's sacrifice of time, fined him 5 shillings and costs.
8 April 1893 - The Restoration of All Saints' Church
Hartley - The Restoration of the Parish Church
The church of All Saints' Hartley, near Fawkham, which is one of the oldest edifices in the county, and with the Manor of Hartley formed part of the large possessios of Odo, Bishop of Bayeux, half brother of William the Conqueror, has recently, through the munificence of the esteemed Rector of the parish, the Rev W W Allen, undergone some very necessary repairs, more particularly to the western end and the spire, which has been rebuilt entirely at the cost of the reverend gentleman. These renovations have been carried out in a very thorough manner under the superintendence of the well known church architect, Mr St Aubyn. At a recent vestry meeting the generous action of the Rev W W Allen was referred to, and on the motion of Mr F D Barnes JP, the present Lord of the Manor of Hartley, the following resolution was passed unanimously - "That this vestry, while congratulating the Rev W W Allen on the completion of the restoration of the parish church, desire to acknowledge and to record the deep and lasting obligtion under which the parish rests to its rector, who, at his sole charge, has rebuilt the western end and the spire of the church and so preserved the ancient fabric from decay and handed it down to posterity unimpaired, as a lasting testimony of his and our love for the church, and for his love for the parish with which he and his father before him have been so long identified."
5 August 1893 - Cycling Accident
On Sunday, Joseph Kirby, aged 32, living at Hartley, Longfield, was admitted into Gravesend Hospital, suffering from injury to his left eye, caused by falling off a cycle.
16 November 1893 - Charge of Indecent Assault
Esther Godden's family had moved to Hartley Court Cottage, about 1891.
Samuel Shiers, a hawker, was charged with indecently assaulting a little girl, named Esther Godden, aged 5 years, at Hartley, on October 24. Mr Ridley appeared to prosecute. Prisoner was caught by a man named Cheeseman with the girl in a field, and behaving in a grossly indecent manner. Another little girl, named Eldridge also saw the assault. Prisoner was committed for trial at the assizes.
24 November 1883 - Charge of Indecent Assault (2)
Kent and Sussex Courier
The report shows how such cases were treated in the past. It seems that they are not treated as seriously as they would be today, and there was no attempt to protect the identity of the victim.
Kent Assizes - Monday
His lordship took his seat at 11 o'clock.
Samuel Spicer, 42, labouerer, was indicted for indecently assaulting and ill treating Esther Godden, aged 5 years, at Hartley, on October 24th.
Mr Hohler prosecuted.
Prisoner practically admitted to the police that he did interfere with the child, but he was in drink; and 2 persons gave evidence as to what they saw prisoner doing in a field near Hartley Church.
The jury returned a verdict of guilty, and his Lordship passed sentence of 3 months' imprisonment, stating that he should have exactly the term he told the police he expected (laughter).
20 June 1894 - Judgement Debt
22 May - Elvy Cooper of Hartley, Near Dartford, Blacksmith - £14 6s 7d
28 July 1894 - Cycling Club visits All Saints Church
Cyclists at Church
The members and friends of the Swanscombe Cycling Club took their usual Sunday morning's run last week and attended service at Hartley Church. There was a very good muster and it is gratifying to say the numbers increase every week. Members of other clubs and all cycling friends are cordially invited to attend.....
1 February 1895 - Child support
Elizabeth Day of Hartley, summoned Elvey Wiggins (18) of Hartley to show cause etc.
Defendant pleaded not guilty.
Prosecutrix stated that defendant was receiving £9 a year at the farm where he was employed, in addition to his living in the house.
Defendant replied that he only got £7 and his 'keep'.
After hearing the evidence the Bench made a order for 2 shillings a week until the child is 16.
17 May 1895 - A lesson to drivers
George Winkworth, a driver of a farm van belonging to Mr Pink, of Kingsdown, was summoned by the police for failing to have proper control of the horse and van which he was driving on April 27th. Instructing Constable Ellis (Hartley) stated the facts, and from his evidence it transpired that the defendant was asleep, and that he had been drinking, although he was not really drunk. Defendant allowed his van to be drawn upon the footpath, and slight damage was done ot property in the vicinity. The justices inflicted a fine of 10 shillings and the costs 3s 6d, or in default seven days' hard labour. Accused said he was very sorry for what had occurred, and paid part of the fine, a week being allowed for the payment of the balance.
28 June 1895 - The Effects of Drink
Maud Wells, well known to the police at Gravesend and Dartford, was charged with being drunk and disorderly at Hartley on the 24th last.
PC Ellis proved the case.
Prisoner complained in an excited way of the Constable using excessive and unnecessary violence to her, and she showed the Magistrates bruises which she alleged to have been done by the officer. She then left the box and wanted to show the Magistrates some bruises she had on her legs.
Mr Tasker: I don't want to see them.
Prisoner said when she was brought into court the constable beat her with a stick. She called as a witness George Lane, a man she had been living with for the past 9 years, and he said he left prisoner at 2 o'clock on Monday and she had no bruises about her at all.
Supt Webster gave the woman a very indifferent character, saying both Lane and herself were very violent characters, and the Magistrates after showing great patience with the woman, fined her 10 shillings and 8 shillings costs, or in default a month in prison.
27 December 1895 - A Sleepy Driver
Albert Wooding of Hartley Bottom, pleaded guilty to being asleep whilst in charge of a horse and van on West Hill, Dartford, on December 10th.
24 February 1896 - Inquest on Margaret Crawley
Sad Burning Fatality - The Inquest
At the Dartford Union Workhouse on Friday afternoon, Mr E N Wood held an inquest, touching the death of a woman named Margaret Crawley, of no fixed abode, which occurred at the Dartford Union Infirmary, on Tuesday last. Mr J Snell was chosen as foreman of the jury.
Dennis Mc Carthy, a labourer, residing at Longfield said he had known deceased for 6 or 7 years. He believed she had had a husband, but whether he was living or not he could not say. Deceased came to his place about quarter to ten on Thursday evening, 5th inst, and made an enquiry for a woman, and he said she did not live there; she asked witness to lend her a jacket to keep her warm. She said she had burnt all her clothing with the exception of her chemise and skirt. He lent her a jacket and she went away to get a policeman to take her to Dartford. Deceased looked black.
Cross-examined by Mr Snell: She lived in a chalk pit generally, but no-one had lived with her to his knowledge.
PC Alfred Kemsley, stationed at Southfleet said about 10pm on the 5th he was near the Green Man, at Longfield Hill, and saw deceased go the door of the public house; he saw that she had only a chemise on and a jacket, very much burnt. He got some lard and dressed her wounds and conveyed her to Dartford Workhouse. He examined the chalk hole where the deceased had been living. He found a fire and fragment of a tent. She told him she was drying her clothing, when it caught fire. He had seen deceased at Hartley at about 10 o'clock in the morning, and she seemed in her usual health and sober. The chalk pit was on Mr Allen's land.
Cross-examined: He had pulled the tent down, which was made of old rags and other things, about a fortnight previous.
Dr Richmond R Allen said he saw deceased immediately after her admission on the early morning of the 6th inst. She was suffering from shock and burns on the hands and right leg. She was conscious. She stated that she was drying her clothes and they caught fire. She did fairly well under his treatment until the 15th, when congestion of the lungs set in and finally she died of inflammation of the lungs on the 17th.
The coroner said the case showed a sad state of affairs. There was no doubt he thought, the unfortunate woman was drying her clothes in the tent, when they caught alight and had since died. Since her admission to the Workhouse Infirmary, she seemed to have received every possible care and attention.
The jury returned a verdict in accordance with the medical evidence.
2 April 1896 - Hartley Annual Parish Meeting
The annual parish meeting was held on Thursday in the schoolroom, and Mr Frederick Dallas Barnes JP of Hartley Manor, was re-elected chairmman for the ensuing year. Mr Wansbury and Mr Mabe were re-elected overseers, Mr Bance being appointed to the office of assistant overseer. The meeting was informed that the villag club which had been established was evidently supplying what had been felt to be a want, no less than 60 members having already joined. The chairman of the meeting also informed those present of the correspondence which had passed with the Dartford Rural District Council as directed at the last meeting, protesting in the name of the parish against the action of the District Council in swamping hartley parish in their scheme for scavenging and rate collecting. The meeting continued of the opinion that the action taken by the District Council in both these matters was an attempt to throw further burdens on purely agricultural land for the benefit of populous districts, and was contrary to the spirit of the Parish Councils Act. A vote of thanks to the chairman and overseers concluded the meeting.
18 July 1896 - Obituary of Adam Tait
Sheffield Daily Telegraph
Adam Tait was the tenant of Hartley Court. His fellow directors paid for the east window of All Saints Church in his memory (see tablet in church).
Mr Adam Tait, one of the managing directors of the Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company, died suddenly on Sunday last at La Comballaz, Switzerland. He entered the company's service in 1864, when he was attached to their Bombay establishment. After serving in several responsible offices in the East, he joined the London management in 1880, and last year became a managing director. He was 59 years of age.
20 October 1896 - After the Conies
Dartford Petty Sessions
Saturday - Before Mr F Talbot Tasker (in the chair) and Mr H J Bristow with Mr J C Hayward (Clerk)
Pierce Edmeades, a labourer, of no fixed abode, was summoned for trespassing in search of conies on October 3rd, on and in the occupation of Mr Frederick Allen at Hartley. George Cheeseman, in the employ of Mr Barnes, deposed to finding a number of snares in Mr Allen's field at Hartley, on the 2nd October. He concealed himself in the vicinity on the 3rd October, and he saw defendant take possession of the snares. Inspector Sharp said there were a number of previous conviciions against defendant for drink and disorderly conduct. Defendant, who did not appear, was fined 40 shillings or 14 days with hard labour. Inspector Sharp said that in this case he should ask for a commitment order, which the justices accordingly granted.
24 April 1897 - Hartley Manor and Hartley Court for sale
Illustrated Sporting and Dramatic News
The estate agents' advert in the London Daily News of 29.5.1897 said that the estate did not sell in the auction so they are now trying to sell it by private treaty.
Kent - The Hartley Manor Estate in the parishes of Hartley, Ash and Longfield, only 23 miles from London, an important freehold manorial, sporting and residential property of about 579a 3r 16p, occupying a bracing and very healthy situation (the principal portions having an altitude varying from 300ft to 400ft above sea level), about a mile from Fawkham Station on the main line of the London, Chatham and Dover railway, whence London can be reached in 50 minutes, and about 6 miles from Gravesend and Dartford. It has an attractive, well wooded, and boldly undulating surface, and includes two comfortable residences, hte principal one is very pleasantly situate about the centre of the estate, and is approached by a long carriage drive; it has an almoset due sout aspect, with a pretty home view, and contains 10 bedrooms, box room, bath room, entrance hall, and drawing room opening to conservatory and verandah (the latter 47ft long), dining room, library, offices and cellarage. On the south and east sides of the house are pleasure grounds and tennis lawns, also a well stocked kitchen garden, stabling for 4 horses, 2 coach houses, and captial range of farm buildings. The second house, known as Hartley Court, is close to All Saints' Church, and contains 7 bed and dressing rooms, box room, bathroom, 3 reception rooms, and offices; pleasure and kitchen gardens, span roof and lean to greenhouses, modern stabling for 3 horses, coach house and an ample homestead. There are also off farm buildings, a farmhouse at Hartley Bottom and 13 cottages. The land lies almost entirely within a ring fence, it is divided into numerous large enclosures of pasture and arable, and a considerable portion is planted with fruit trees. The woods are extensive and well stocked and are admirably placed for rearing a large head of game. The state has been well farmed by the owner for many years past, and very large amounts have been spent in improvements to buildings, fruit planting etc. With the exception of about 7 acres the whole has been kept in hand, and will be sold with possession. There are beds of gravel, excellent brickearth, chalk and flints underlying the property, which has the advantage of a private siding at Longfield Hill, on the LC&DR. The manor or reputed manor, of Hartley and the advowson of the Rectory of All Saints' Hartley (an ancient and very interesting church) with the next and perpetual right of presentation, is included in the sale. The West Kent Foxhounds and the Mid Kent Staghounds hunt the district.
Messrs Debenham, Tewson, Farmer and Bridgewater will sell the above decribed freehold manorial, sporting and residential property at the Mart on Thursday May 27 at 2.....
21 August 1897 - The Perfect Paradise for Flies
South London Press
The old billion (million million) is used here, there are 1,000 modern billions to an old billion.
Pick Up Notes
It is omputed that one modern 'fly catcher' invention causes a mortality of no less than 700 million flies every year, and yet a statistician makes the assertion that for every fly artificially put to death in England there are at least a million who live out their little lives and die natural deaths. This gives a toal English fly population of 700 billion. I am inclined to think that the gentleman who compiled these figures had not been down to the Newington Vestry depot at Longfield, kent, or he would have multiplled the last lot of figures by at least a million. Longfield is a perfect paradise for flies, and fed on 'Newington Mixture' they attain such Brobdingnagian proportions that they ought to be almost lifted out of the category of flies, and regarded as birds of a minor type.
23 July 1898 - Obituary of Joseph Hartley of Old Downs
The death is anounced of Lieut-Colonel Joseph Hartley LLD, DL, JP of the Old Downs, Hartley. In the north he was bst known from his long connection with the old 4th West York Militia (now the Prince of Wales Own West Yorkshire Regiment), and until the time of his death was Chairman of Hartley Green & Company Limited of Leeds. During his residence in Yorkshire he was an active member of the West Riding Bench of Magistrates and was a Deputy-Lieutenant of the county. He was also a JP for the county of Kent. Colonel Hartley, who has been in failing health since the death of his wife, will be much missed in the social life of Rochester and the neighbourhood.
11 October 1899 - Refuse by Rail to Longfield (1)
Sir - Putrid fish, condemned by the sanitary authorities or refuse by the retail fishmonger, has for a long time been carried in open barges down the Thames from the City to a factory where I have been told it is converted into a harmless commercial product.
Quite recently the sanitary authority, under powers in that behalf enabling it, made order that henceforth such corrupt matter should be carried along the public waterway in close sealed tanks. The offender in this instance was a private firm, or possibly a few private firms, for though I am sure of my facts I do not even know the names, of small political or municipal influence; it was a cheap exercise of powers long allowed to lie dormant.
But a South London Vestry (St Mary Newington) and an influential railway company (the Chatham and Dover, now the SE&C&DR) for long time past and now, send and carry foul and fetid matter, dustbin sweepings, refuse, and the like, in open trucks along those most frequented rails The trucks stand at sidings and stink; the roll along and are offensive, and no-one calls the senders to account. If half that sanitary people and doctors write or say be true, all passengers and railway guards and servants stand a fair chance of catching some infectious disease which may be affecting some household in south London from some wicked germs. The Prince of Wales journeying to the continent, or even a railway director, to say nothing of the crowd of us season-ticket holders, run an appreciable risk.
I will not believe that the Newington Vestry, which wa among many good friends of mine in a little difficulty on behalf of south Londoners with a south London water company, for which Company Caina waits, or that a great railway company will be unwilling to amend this state of things, expecially as it would nto cost them much, and it would be discreet as well as less costly if they set about it promptly and before the sanitary authorities, who have the power and do not use it, make them amend their doings.
I am yours faithfully, Archibald E(dward) Dobbs, Hartley Manor, Longfield, Kent
24 October 1899 - Refuse by Rail (2)
Sir - I have been daily watching your issue to see if any correspondent replied to the letter from Mr Archibald Dobb on this subject. As a daily traveller between the metropolis and the Kent coast I can fully corroberate Mr Dobbs's statement as to the very offensive character of the refuse deposited by the vestry of St Mary, Newington at Longfield and Meopham sidings on the C and D section of the SE and LC and DR. Mr Hestor (?Hester), who describes himself as a former chairman of the committee charged with the disposal of the parish refuse, alleges that Mr Dobbs's letter is calculated to produce 'a public scare', and that the system adopted by the vestry is on of 'great benefit' to agriculturists and has been certified over and over again by medical and scientific men 'not to be detrimental ot public health'.
With regard to the first point, I think it would be a distinct advantage if Mr Dobbs were able to arouse public interest in the matter. The vesty of St Mary, Newington, have always been notorious offenders in this matter, they have polluted the sidings of the C and D railway for many years, first at Walworth Road and latterly to a very aggravated extent at Longfield and Meopham, where the most offensive accumulations of all the south London refuse is perpetuated much to the annoyance of railway travellers and also to inhabitants in the neighbourhood - that this is so will be easily corroborated by many. It seems a scandal that a London 'sanitary' authority should be thus permitted to pollute a country district, and I cannot help thinking that it is owing to the fact that the Kent County Council have refused to appoint a Medical Officer of Health that this muisance is permitted to exist. It would not be tolerated anywhere in the county of London.
I am sir, your obedient servant, Henry C Jones, 197 High Holborn WC
Sir - Passengers by the Chatham and Dover Railway will, I think, prefer the evidence of their senses to the assurance of a 'former chairman of a Newington Vestry committee' - much too like an asseveration by the party charged that he and his friends are innocent people.
I did not assert that there is a danger now, but I wrote, and I repeat, that if infectious illness should break out in south London, every passenger and every railway servant will run an appreciable risk, whatever experts may say. I give this warning and repeat it.
I also stated, and this statement he ignores, that the disgusting small from the trucks constitutes a continuing nuisance.
The case lies in a nutshell. The vestry prefer to send refuse in open trucks which cause annoyance (I will put it as low as that) to passengers and railway servants. Why? Because it would cost money and give some trouble to make a change, and vestrymen, in certain matters, regard it as their first duty to save rates.
I am sir, yours faithfully, Archibald E Dobbs, Hartley Manor, Longfield, Kent
2 December 1899 - Obituary of Mr F D Barnes
Mr Barnes had bought the Hartley Manor and Hartley Court estates in 1890. One of his tenants of Hartley Court had been fellow P&O director Adam Tait (d 1896)
The death is announced of Mr Frederick Dallas Barnes, who has been for many years managing director of the Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company Limited. Mr Barnes first went to Singapore in the early sixties, and was soon afterwards transferred to the important post of agent for the company at Shanghai. Returning home in the seventies, he retired to the country for a few years, but soon returned to Leadenhall Street in the capacity which he so long and successfully filled. As managing director, his name is associated with many of hte important changes which have been introduced under the chairmanship of Sir Thomas Sutherland, and which have raised the P&O to the position which it holds among the great shippng companies of the world. Mr Barnes was one of the consulting committee, in London, of the Hong Kong and Shanghai Bank, and a director of the British and Chinese Corporation, which holds severl important concessions for the construction of railways in China. He has been a member from the first, also, of the general committee of the China Association. His loss will be much felt in Straits and China circles, where he was widely known and universally liked and esteemed. His death occurred suddenly and unexpectedly on Wednesday morning at Chislehurst, where he was on a visit. He had been at business on the previous day, and had retired to rest apparently in the usual health.