An understanding of the difficulty of giving the family what it is 'used to', without an inordinate increase of expenditure, a housewife has quoted the following figures for present purchases as compared with May 1914.
Compulsory restriction of the quantities purchasable might not, one suggests, be attractive in itself, or even popular, but it would at least help the housewife to make ends meet.
Tea (1½lb) Now 3s 6d (Price in 1914 - 2s 6d); Butter (2lb) 3s 2d (2s 4d); Bottled or tinned fruit (2 var) 2s 6d (1s 10d); Cocoa (1 tin) 1s 0d (0s 9½d); Cheese (1½lb) 1s 8½d (1s 4½d); Soap (7lb) 4s 2d (3s 8d); Soda (7lb)* 0s 6½d (0s 3d); Bundle wood (per doz bundles)* 1s 0d (0s 5-6d); Stove Polish (per tin) 0s 4d (0s 2½d) * There is considerable difficulty at times in obtaining supplies of such things as soda and bundle wood.
The Churchwardens of Longfield on the Saturday after Easter Day affixed their annual statement of accounts to the church notice board, but on Sunday a large Army poster was pasted in the centre of the board, nearly covering the balance sheet, and also totally covering a notice just affixed by the clerk of the Parish Council. Complaint was made to the Secretary of State for War, and inquiry having been made through the officer of the Eastern Command and the recruiting officers at Maidstone and Gravesend, and explanation was given of the cause of the incident. Other Churchwardens may find similar difficulty in providing for all the notices for which room must be found on church boards at the present time, and be glad to know that their rights may be respected if due representations be made.
After the close of the war there will be a great number of men who will suffer physically on account of the great hardships endured whilst on active service, consequently it is anticipated that the bed will be fully occupied for many years. Further the committee would respectfully point out that there can be no more fitting way of perpetuating the memory of relatives or friends who have fallen for the country, than by helping to endow this bed." [KM 22.7.1916 records gift of 5 guineas by Major and Mrs Tristram of Longfield. The paper of 20.7.1918 reported on the unveiling of the bed, bed no 9 on the Tingey Ward. Volunteer soldiers will be given preference over conscripts]
Witness then questioned him with reference to 6 bales of clothing and socks, and he denied all knowledge of them, saying he had never seen them. They told the prisoner they knew he had, and also who brought them out to him, and prisoner then admitted that he had received them, but had since disposed of them, and that they were fetched away in a covered van, but he did not know where they went. They then asked prisoner if a solider called on him on the Sunday evening and demanded his 'corner'. Prisoner replied yes, he called here and asked for his share and I told him I could not give him any but that he would have to go to Gravesend and see them. Before he left I gave him £1". Prisoner afterwards corrected this statement to "I lent him £1". Witness asked him if he knew the name and prisoner replied "No. I have only seen him once before." Witness and the Chief Constable brought the prisoner to Gravesend and after further enquiries at 4pm the same day, witness, the Chief Constable and Detective Reed went to the King of the Belgians Inn. There they saw the prisoner Swift and telling him that the reason of their visit was with reference to a robbery at Milton Barracks, and that they had reason to suspect that he knew something about it, cautioned him. They told him of the recovery of a quantity of boots from the Black Lion, Hartley, and that they had reason to believe that he assisted in gettting the goods there and unloading them with 2 soldiers and a man named English on the 16th June. Swift replied "I don't know English" Witness remarked that he had reason to believe taht he did for he had a cheque drawn in his favour by English on the London, County and Westminster Bank, Dartford Branch, dated 25th May 1916, No W3,861. Prisoner asked "Is that the little man that does a lot of dealing? If it is so I do know him, but if you'll excuse me I'm not very good at remembering dates." They brought prisoner to the police office and in presence
The Rev S Morgan said no man had a right in his opinion if that opinion was wrong.
Applicant said it was impossible to be a Christian and a Socialist was well.
The Rev S Morgan "Oh, is that so, then I am done. There is nothing to prevent a Socialist being a Christian.
Applicant said a socialist must be an athiest. He was a creature of circumstance. There was no such thing as having a will of his own.
The Military Representative said what was the serious hardship that applicant complained of.
Applicant explained that his son had joined the army voluntarily, and applicant had to pay his son's clubs in case of his returning wounded He had not received a farthing for the whole time he enlisted.
Granted exemption so long as on munitions work.
[When conscription was introduced, so was a system of appeals against conscription. This might be on the grounds of hardship, occupation or conscientious grounds, for example. The tribunal was reluctant to grant exemptions on the grounds of conscience.]
Three weeks ago last Sunday, thousands in Gravesend witnessed the fall to earth of the burning airship which has made the little Hertfordshire village of Cuffley famous the world over. In the wee small hours of Sunday morning they had a nearer vision of the tragic fate with befell the super-Zeppelin, which dropped to its doom in a mangold wurzel field in the adjoining county of Essex,. Contiguous as Kent is to Exxex, divorced only by the highway of empire, the people of this neighbourhood had a splendid view of the whole of this tragedy - brief in its duration, but swift in its accomplishment. News that Zeppelins had crossed the coast was received at Gravesend and Northfleet shortly after 9 on Saturday night, and immediately all lights were extenguished. People who were in the market were caught, as it were, in a trap, and they had to exticate themselves as best they could. Trams which were running in the streets were left motionless on the track, and everybody sought the vicinity of their homes. Reassuring news was spread later that the visitors were being driven off by aeroplanes, and many folk went off to bed. Between 11 and 12 the guns of the Thames Defences began to bark, but they sounded a good distance away. The many searchlights were going, thrusting their long shafts of white light through space into the serene, star lit sky, but nothing else would be discerned. Just before 1 the guns sounded neare, and those who ventured into the streets, and they were nearly all those who were up, were rewarded with a sight of the marauder. It was not a very big affair, as seen from Gravesend, but the searchlights played around it and held it as if in a pair of pincers. IN appearance it was like a silver rod, not much larger than a foot, and one gentleman who followed it from Rosherville with a pair of powerful glasses said he could distinctly see the gondola beneath the silvery envelope. While it was floating in the bath of white light from the searchlights puffs of smoke from the shrapnel exploding round it rolled in eddies about it, and he is certain that one of the shots went home just to the fore amidships. Teh vessel shook like a dog just emerging from the water, and then it emitted a black vapour and tried to make off. At this moment the guns ceased firing and those who were following the course of events through field glasses aver that they distinctly saw an aeroplane. An instant afterwards tehre was a red glowing disc suspended, as it were, from the sky, and the watercher saw it grow and grow, and glow and glow like a red hot coal. It seemed to expand, as if some unseen Vulcan, were blowing a fiery bladder, and then it tilted upwards from the left. It was at this moment the spectators realised what had happened. "They've hit it" someone shouted at the top of his voice, and a mighty roar of approving cheers were sent up which must have reached for miles into Essex. As the glowing object got into a perpendicular position, it expanded until it resumbled a hugh pear shaped ball, and the fames could be distincly seen roaring like a furnace. Then the lower part fo the burning mass slowly dropped away, and in the distance ti looked like pieces of burning rope detaching itself and falling to the earth. But those who viewed it with the aid of powerful glasses state that it was the gondola parting from the envelope. These fragments fell slowly at first, and then shot down rapidly. The main mass of the fiery ball took about 5 minutes to burn to its maximum and then it seemed to contract until at last it had the appearance almost of a glowing golden rod, suspended in mid-air. Slowly it dropped and then with a sudden accession momentum fell to earth, like Lucifer, never to rise again. The horizon obscured it, but werhe it fell a glow appear for a minute or two, and then died away, and all that remained to indicate the tragedy which had happened was the shafts of the searchlights, sweeping the starlit sky. All this time people in the town had been frantically cheering and waving their hats and handkerchiefs, and the sirens from the craft on the river had kept up an unearthly pean of jubilation.l Then there was a rush to the riverside in the belief that the burnign mass had fallen quite close, but the only sight rewarding the thousands who flocked there wre the lights of the craft blinking at their reflections in the turbid waters. There was plenty of speculation as to the precise place in which the burning airship fell. It was with feelings of satisfaction that Gravesend and Northfleet went home to bed between 2 and 3 - satisfaction at the fact that the Huns had been taught a second lesson which must have a great effect upon the morale of their Zeppelin crews, satisfaction that some reparation had been exacted for all the terrorising and frightfulness of these useless raids, satisfaction at the fact that Great Britain has at last awakened to the right mehod of dealing with these emissaries of the Kaiser, and satisfaction that the Germans have suffered a defeat within our own country."
Deceased's brother, William Gherkins, of Morning Lane, Hackney, said that deceased, prior to joining the army, was employed by Messrs Clarke, Nicholls adn Coombes.
Wm John Maylon of Longfield, deposed that on Tuesday week at about 7pm he was standing outside the lodge gates on Longfield Hill, when deceased cycled by on his right side, ringing his bell. 5 or 6 yards from the gate were some barrels lying on the side of the road. Deceased's bicycle hit one of them, with the result that he was flung between the barrels and the hedge. Witness picked him up. He was conscious, but injured about the head. Witness sent to the camp and 2 soldiers came and took the deceased back with them. There were 5 barrels on the side of the road; they had been there over 3 months. He had seen similar accidents happen there during that period. On one occasion 2 soliders riding bicycles were thrown off, but did not receive severe injuries. He did not know to whom the barrels belonged. Some of the people of Longfield thought they should have been removed. This had since been done.
Dr Bincks, house surgeon at the hospital, said that deceased was practically unconscious on admittance. He had been at the hospital in the Barracks. He was suffering from the effects of concussion and injuries to the head. He died on Saturday from concussion of the brain, combined with double pneumonia, developed since the accident.
Captain Stephenson said deceased had been in the regiment only a few months. On the night in question he had been to Longfield siding and was returning. He bore a good character in every respect.
the Coroner said that if the jury thought it worth while he would willingly write to the Kent County Council about the barrels. Barrels of that description might be lying about in other parts of the county. But for the barrels, the man would have still been alive.
The jury returned a verdict of accidental death."
Mrs May Symons of Heortlea, Longfield, sued the Fairby Construction Co Ltd for £59 9s, principally penalty for not finishing a building contract In the specified time. The defence was that the delay in the completion of the building was due to the state of the labour market. Judgement for the plaintiff for £43."
Mr Philip Champion has received instructions from Mr Joseph Thornton, to sell by auction, at the above address, on Monday 6th November 1916 at 12 o'clock pm, the whole of the live and dead farming stock
comprising 5 horses, 4 cows, 10 heiffers and calves, 25 half bred sheep, 2 pigs, the usual collection of agricultural implements, and a quanitity of nursery stock, including 1,000 apples, 2,000 plums, 4,000 currants, 15,000 Ash plants and 1,000 poplars.
Catalogues (in due course) may be obtained at the place of sale, and of the auctioneer, Mr Philip Champion FSI, 5 Market Buildings, Maidstone, and 133 Lowfield Street, Dartford."
Mr Philip Champion has received instructions from Messrs Joseph Thornton and George Day, to sell by auction, on the above premises, on Monday 6th November 1916 at 12 o'clock noon, the live and dead farming stock
comprising 5 active cart horses, 8 cows and heiffers, 3 yearling steers, 3 weanling calves, 2 fat pigs, 14 half fred Hampshire ewes, 41 lambs, donkey cart and harness. The usual collection of agricultural implements, including ploughs, harrows, Martin's cultivator, iron roll, binder, mower, set of stacking tackle, chaff cutter, 2 root slicers, sheep dipping apparatus, 100 new sheep gates, waggon, dung carts, harness, poultry, 2 acres mangel and a quanitity of nursery stock, including 2,300 apple and plum trees, 9,000 currant and gooseberry bushes, 1,700 poplars and 15,000 ash plants.
Catalogues may be obtained at the place of sale, and of the auctioneer, as above".
Sergeant Gherkins lay by the roadside after the accident for about an hour, exposed tot eh cold, and alternately fainting and coming to. Those watching him being unable to do much for his relief until the munition lorry appeared when he was taken to the camp at Longfield Village. Your reporter at the inquest states that the victim, before he was taken to Gravesend Hospital, ' had been at the hospital in the barracks.' But is it not true that he lay in the camp from about 8 o'clock in the evening until 3 o'clock next afternoon when he was removed to Gravesend? Question: Why was he not taken to Gravesend Hospital straight away? In addition to the motor lorry which took him to the camp, there was another motor soon on the spot, either of which could have made the journey in very quick time. It was doubtless this inexplicable delay, added to the exposure by the roadside, which caused the pneumonia and accelerated the death.
Now, as to teh immediate cause of the accident, the tar barrels. But for them the man would have ridden into the hedge, got scratched, more or less badly, picked himself up, and gone on. Why did the jury not back up the Coroner's suggestion to write to the Kent County Council? Why? If a tradesman inadvertently leaves goods on the pavement, and a passer by unseeing, trips over them, the former is liable for damages. Is a public body exempt from such liability. Such an authority may not have as we are commonly taught, a body to be kicked nor a soul to be consigned to purgatory, but is has a balance at the bank, and simple justice demands that it should disburse a fully adequate compensation to the widow and children for the loss they have sustained, this being altogether apart from any pension to which the poor souls may be entitled from the army.
J W Lawson, Clevis, Longfield, October 28th."
Doctors' evidence was given on both sides, the plaintiff's witness saying that plaintiff could not voluntarily bend his finger, and he doubted if he would ever be able to properly bend the joint again, while he might have to have the joint amputated. The doctor for the defence said he examined plaintiff at the insurance office, and believed he had complete use of his finger, and that the stiffness was pretence.
the Medical Referee having examined plaintiff, his honour gave judgement for £15."