Newspaper Stories 1910-1919 - Hartley-Kent: The Website for Hartley

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Newspaper Stories 1910-1919

28-01-1910Kent & Sussex CourierConservatives from Tunbridge Wells bussed into Dartford to campaign in election
01-02-1910South East GazetteConservatives gain Dartford Constituency with a majority of 817
29-08-1910Chelmsford ChronicleBusiness wanted by Sheppard of Grafton House, Hartley
20-12-1910South East GazetteLiberals gain Dartford with a majority of 234
11-07-1911London StandardHappy Villages' description of Small Owners Estate at Hartley
24-10-1911Daily ExpressSmall Owners ad
01-11-1911Shields Daily GazetteDescription of Fairby Estate by G H Humphries
04-11-1911Sheffield Daily TelegraphSame letter as 1/11/1911
21-06-1912Daily MirrorPicture feature on Fairby Estate
07-08-1912Kent MessengerAccident to Rev E Smith of Longfield on his tricycle at Green Street Green
07-08-1912Kent MessengerFeature on Rev Bancks
29-10-1912n/aHartley Social Club to be formed
19-11-1912South East GazetteMid Kent Water apply to have powers to extend Exedown Reservoir (serving Hartley)
27-01-1913Daily MirrorCorrespondent's experiments in using elecricity to kill pests on gooseberries at Fairby
30-01-1913Daily ExpressPoultry World's win a smallholding competition (Johns, Johns Close)
13-02-1913CornishmanAlice O'Grady wins Poultry World competition
16-02-1913Lloyds Weekly NewsSmall Owners ad
16-03-1913ObserverSale of Hartley Manor with history
10-05-1913Essex NewsmanRobert Bleakley, Small Owners' Manager at Fairby
30-05-1913Daily MirrorExperiments to grow strawberries with electricity
26-06-1913Daily ExpressDescription of Fairby Estate by R Hamilton-Edwards
04-07-1913Church TimesGeneral Servant wanted £16-18 wages monthly holiday - Mrs Flint, Bundoran
07-07-1913Pall Mall GazetteDescription of Fairby Estate by Bevil Tollemache
08-07-1913Pall Mall GazetteReply by Mr Hamilton-Edwards to correct inaccuracies in article of 7/7/13 calculated to do the company harm
13-07-1913Belfast Weekly NewsBouquets for royal visit supplied by Fairbys Limited, who distribute produce from Fairby
30-09-1913Daily MailReview of Bevil Tollemache book which mentions Fairby
22-10-1913Aberdeen Daily JournalReview of Bevil Tollemache book which mentions Fairby
05-11-1913Yorkshire PostReview of Bevil Tollemache book which mentions Fairby
28-11-1913Evening NewsMiss A Bunce of Hartley Manor donates £12 to papers fund for toys for poor children
10-01-1914Kent MessengerSmall Owners ad for men for fruit tree planting and digging.
21-02-1914Kent MessengerSims v Lynds, case of slander at Longfield. Jury awards plaintiff £5
19-03-1914Ormskirk AdvertiserDetailed description of Fairby Estate
21-03-1914Kent MessengerChicken and duck eggs for sale - Bassano, The Croft
24-04-1914Daily MailThe Profitable Bee' letter by Rev Bancks
02-05-1914Kent MessengerOccupier of Homefield, Stack Lane wants to rent house in Bickley area.
09-05-1914Kent MessengerHares for sale - Wood, Woodcroft
14-05-1914Table Talk (Melbourne, Aus)Engagement of Ruby Treadwell of Fairby, York Street, St Kilda
20-05-1914Lincolnshire EchoDetailed description of Fairby Estate
23-05-1914Kent Messenger5 bed cottage to let - Barnes, Hartley
05-06-1914Kent Messenger12 acre smallholding called Woodlands for sale
13-06-1914Kent MessengerRoman remains discovered on George Day's farm at Ash
27-06-1914Kent MessengerEvening classes at Longfield and Hartley. Lace weaving class at Hartley
27-06-1914Kent MessengerObituary of William Packman (74) who worked at New House Farm
11-07-1914London StandardBevil Tollemache writes to claim Fairby is a success, a venture he was involed in with G H Humphreys and his brother. Details
18-07-1914Framlingham WeeklyPicture of marriage of Lieutenant F de Mallet Morgan.
31-07-1914Western GazetteSuccess of Fairby
18-09-1914Western Daily PressGeorge Johnson lectures on fruit keeping
25-09-1914Chelmsford ChronicleGH Humphrey, Smallowners history
26-09-1914Kent MessengerLongfield - trouble at Parish Council, meeting called for. Details of members of Queen Mary's Guild, Longfield Branch
03-10-1914Kent MessengerAdult education first aid for women and cookery at Fairby Club room lent free of charge by Small Owners
03-10-1914Kent MessengerLongfield survivors of HMS Cressy disaster back home - Frank Pankhurst, Percy Bevan and Alfred Streatfield.
03-10-1914Kent MessengerLongfield Schools reopen after hop picking holiday but because crop is good many haven't returned yet
10-10-1914Kent MessengerAcution 500 chickens and 60 portable houses and sheds belonging to Hartley Poultry Farm
10-10-1914Kent MessengerAdult education at Hartley, classes on Market Gardening and Lace Making (Thurs 5.15pm)
10-10-1914Kent MessengerWidening of bottom of Whitehill Road in Longfield, telegraph pole moved
31-10-1914Kent MessengerMore news about the Roman remains at Ash
31-10-1914Kent MessengerParish meeting at Longfield vote to abolish parish fire brigade founded in 1902. Details of discussions
14-11-1914Kent MessengerMarket Gardening lectures by W P Wright in Fairby Club
14-11-1914Kent MessengerNew Longfield Rifle Club
19-12-1914Kent MessengerChristmas at Gravesend
26-12-1914Kent MessengerFairby Jam Factory wants competent jam boiler
02-01-1915Kent MessengerProgress at Fairby in spite of 14 colonists and staff joining up, Fairby Fair has had to be cancelled but Ladies League, Cooperative Society and Social Club are flourishing
09-01-1915Kent MessengerRural Development Company auctioning off a large amount of stock of Small Owners Limited, who they have taken over from
09-01-1915Kent MessengerRural Development Poultry Conference to be held at Fairby Farm 30 January
30-01-1915Kent MessengerDescription of talk by J F Kirk 'Round about Hartley in olden times'
01-02-1915TimesFairby Poultry Conference, Will Hooley's speech
05-02-1915Dartford ChronicleFairby Poultry Conference, Will Hooley's speech
06-02-1915Kent MessengerFairby Poultry Conference
02-04-1915Kent MessengerHarltey farm labourer Hodge finds military balloon, occupants fool him into believing they are Germans
09-04-1915De Stem Uit BelgieJoseph Ketele and his family from Dicksmuide is at Hartley
17-04-1915Kent MessengerMarguerites for sale - Wood
23-04-1915Het VolkJoseph Ketele and his family from Dicksmuide is at Sacristy Cottage, Hartley
01-05-1915Kent MessengerWanted servant £18-20 pa - Mrs Flint, Bundoran
13-05-1915n/aCook general wanted wages £26-28 - Mrs Lambton, Hartley Court
15-05-1915Kent Messenger3,000 - 6,000 flower spring cabbage for sale - Stobbs, Hartley
29-05-1915Kent MessengerWaggoner wanted - £1 with cottage - Thornton, New House Farm
11-06-1915Evening NewsLocal area walk tells readers Hartley is not worth visiting because it isn't picturesque
12-06-1915Kent MessengerPloughman wanted (2 horses), 20 shillings pw - Fairby Farm
03-07-1915Kent MessengerEmpty 2 gallon jars wanted - Rural Development Co, Fairby Farm
10-07-1915Kent MessengerMan wanted for 14a fruit, poultry and vegetables - Gibson, Woodlands
24-07-1915Gravesend ReporterDetails of National Register
31-07-1915Kent MessengerMary Jungk arrested for visiting parents in Gravesend
13-08-1915Kent MessengerBlackout regulations - Social Club cleared; Annie Sale of Minchen fined 5 shillings
18-08-1915Kent Messenger2 donkeys with Governess car £14 - Bassano
28-08-1915Birmingham Daily NewsBlind soldiers from St Dunstans receive instruction at Fairby
04-09-1915Kent MessengerBlind soldiers from St Dunstans receive instruction at Fairby
23-10-1915Mirror of Australia"Light in our darkness" - picture of blind soliders at Rural Development Poultry Farm, Hartley
03-11-1915BystanderThe Gables for sale (picture), 5 bed, 3 recep tennis lawn, 1a - £1,100
18-11-1915Kent MessengerGravesend VAD hospital thank donations from Hartley Social Club, Southfleet Congregational Church
27-11-1915Kent MessengerSapper Edward Henry Blackman (pictured) lost by sinking of HMS Hythe in Dardenelles
04-12-1915Kent MessengerReward to find dogs guilty of sheep worrying at Fairby
17-12-1915De Stem Uit BelgieDaughter to refugee Paul Ketele at Hartley
08-01-1916Kent MessengerWicker bath chair 38 shillings - Parker, Old Parsonage Cottages
15-01-1916Sydney Morning HeraldExecutor notice regarding estate of James Martin of Hartley
15-01-1916The EraClarinet and Saxophonist - Miss Susie Griffin, Bundoran
05-02-1916Kent MessengerSwedes for sale, offers - Rural Development Company
07-02-1916Portsmouth Evening NewsDied on service - Lieut Cdr Henry C Stahl, retired but rejoined for war (bought smallholding in Church Road)
17-02-1916West Sussex GazetteObituary of Henry Charles Stahl RN, died when his minesweeper was run into by Swedish boat
07-03-1916Midland Daily TelegraphJ W Harwood member of Motor Machine Gun Corps
25-03-1916Kent MessengerLongfield Committee formed to support agricultural war work for women, see Mrs Dilworth Harrison
01-04-1916Kent MessengerHenry Thomas Bentley of Harltey Green, market gardener employed by Rural Development Co - appeal against conscription
15-04-1916Kent MessengerPercy W Dennis of Elm Villa, fruit grower - appeal against conscription rejected
29-04-1916Kent MessengerH Williams of Elin Cottage, Hartley passed fit for home service.
20-05-1916Kent MessengerGravesend Yacht Club VAD hospital especially wants to thank generous donors of Hartley and Longfield
27-05-1916Kent MessengerLongfield Churchwardens complain army pasted poster over church notices
27-05-1916Kent MessengerGravesend Yacht Club VAD hospital especially wants to thank generous donors of Hartley and Longfield
07-06-1916Kent MessengerBig changes to Longfield post, only 2 collections a day which will now go via Dartford
07-06-1916Kent MessengerService to remember Lord Kitchener to be held at Longfield Camp
10-06-1916Kent MessengerLongfield shops to close for lunch between 1 and 2 due to staff shortages
10-06-1916Kent MessengerLadies of Pilgrimage of Prayer visit Fawkham and Longfield Churches
10-06-1916Kent MessengerLongfield PC - request for reinstatement of Sunday train to Gravesend as munitions workers now have to walk to work; agreement reached with Dartford RDC about taking flints from the allotment sites
17-06-1916Kent MessengerChauffeur situation wanted - Joseph Rich, Hartley
01-07-1916Kent MessengerAcquarium for sale, £3 - Hartley House
01-07-1916Kent MessengerCook general wanted wages £20 - C G, Hartley House
08-07-1916Gravesend ReporterJohn William English of Black Lion, publican, accused of handling stolen army boots
22-07-1916Kent MessengerWanted 20,000 bricks - French, Hartley
29-07-1916Gravesend ReporterJohn William English committed for trial
05-08-1916Kent MessengerHousemaid wanted, house with 4 servants - Mrs H Baker, Hartley Manor
26-08-1916Kent MessengerTo let Homecare (?Homefield, Stack Lane), vegetables, milk
02-09-1916Kent MessengerFor sale furniture and effects of Westfield, Hartley Church Road
07-10-1916Kent MessengerFor sale 100 acres underwood - Humphrey, Hartley
07-10-1916Kent MessengerCook wanted - Mrs Herbert Baker, Hartley Manor
07-10-1916Kent MessengerHaystack (4 tons) for sale, grazing for sheep to let - Tate, Church Road
14-10-1916Kent MessengerAdult education - Cottage Gardening at Longfield and Hartley
14-10-1916Kent MessengerManor Road, Longfield to be raised to deal with swampy area
14-10-1916Kent MessengerSkeleton found at Longfield alllotments, age uncertain
21-10-1916Kent MessengerMrs May Symons v Fairby Construction Co, awarded £43 for late completion of building contact, firm said that was down to labour shortage
24-10-1916Kent MessengerSale of 5 horses, 10 cows, 25 sheep, 2 pigs, nursery stock at New House Farm
28-10-1916Kent MessengerDarford Rural Tribunal - Thomas C Stuart, 32, market gardener - certificate withdrawn
28-10-1916Gloucestershire JournalA Blackwell of Glos regiment wounded
04-11-1916Kent MessengerWest Kent Appeal Tribunal - appeal dismissed of Frank C Hammond, 30 married, contract manager to Fairby Construction Co, Hartley
18-11-1916Kent MessengerLeonard v Debenham v F A Flint of Bundoran, awarded £15 for injury caused cutting grass
09-12-1916Whitstable TimesTwo from London Volunteers killed in road accident at White Hill between Hartley and Meopham
12-12-1916Kent MessengerInquest on 2 soldiers killed when van overturned on road between Meopham and Hartley
12-12-1916TimesNurse wanted £20-28 salary, 3 maids employed - Mrs Cuthbert Lambton, Hartley Court
13-12-1916Liverpool EchoWill Hooley of the The Firs, Hartley looking for house and poultry farm
21-12-1916Kent MessengerSt Josephs High School for Young Ladies, Boarding School for Gentlemen's sons 4-10 advert
01-01-1917Dixmude en omstrekenJoseph Ketele still at Sacristy Cottage, Hartley, details of family
01-02-1917Dixmude en omstrekenJoseph Ketele of Sacristy Cottage, Hartley, details of family
17-02-1917South East GazetteBlack Lion not to lose licence because convicted person no longer the landlord
22-02-1917De Stem Uit BelgieObituary of Leonie Ketele
10-03-1917Kent MessengerGeneral Servant wanted - Pipe, Himalaya (=Rochford)
10-03-1917Kent Messenger3 acres of land with shed for sale £165 - Tate
17-03-1917Kent MessengerLady wants market garden work - "E" Louis Cottage, Hartley
28-04-1917Kent MessengerA number of summonses at Dartford Police Court dismissed without costs following row at Longfield Parish Council meeting.
05-05-1917Kent MessengerTo let 1½ acres, fruit and chicken holding in Church Road - Stevenson, Mill Hill, NW7
19-05-1917Kent MessengerLetter from Frederick Welch of Hartley about useful birds
26-05-1917Kent MessengerChildren of Hartley School lined path to Longfield Church for funeral of Ronald Charles Foster, 6
16-06-1917Kent MessengerPrimus Stoves wanted - Bartels
20-06-1917Daily MirrorLetter from Frederick Welch of Hartley about useful birds
30-06-1917Daily ExpressJohn Joseph Hickmott of Longfield Court fined £20 for sugar hoarding.
29-09-1917Kent MessengerManageress wanted for Fairby Stores - Small Owners Limited
01-12-1917Melbourne Sporting JudgeDeath on active service of Cadet E J C Treadwell; it was suggested he be buried in Hartley with his ancestors but army wouldn't pay to transport body
03-12-1917Farmer(1) Excellent 6 acre orchard for sale, £90 per acre (2) Good mixed farm 150 acres, 12 roomed house; (3) 6 room modern bungalow with 4 acres pasture £685 - Small Owners Limited
08-12-1917Kent Messenger5 acre market garden for sale, fruit, strawberries, asparagus, tomato house, mushroom house, packing sheds and frames, £1,060 - Small Owners Limited
05-01-1918Kent MessengerBoundary Review - Hartley, Longfield and Ash to be in Chislehurst Constituency (map)
12-01-1918Kent MessengerRationing in Gravesend has impacted Longfield badly as many shopped in Gravesend
12-01-1918Kent MessengerEntertainment in Longfield Village Room raises £11 for wounded soliders and POWs in Germany. List of people involved
02-03-1918Kent MessengerTo let 10 roomed house, 2 acres of gardens, £75 per annum - A Humphrey, Fairby Farm
02-03-1918Kent MessengerFor sale 1-5 acre plots good arable land, 6 acre cherry orchard - Small Owners Limited
01-04-1918Dixmude en omstrekenDeath of refugee Leonie Ketele at Hartley
06-07-1918Kent MessengerWanted cook general, wages £26 - Mrs Bourdillon, June Hill
09-07-1918South East GazetteInquest on Stephen Boorman of East Farleigh, body identified by brother John Boorman of Hartley Court Cottages
17-08-1918Kent MessengerAllens Confectionery Company, Fairby Farm, wants plums, apples, damsons for jam making
22-08-1918British Bee JournalWanted Roots 'Bee Culture' - Denys Millwood, Fairby
22-08-1918Patriot HarrisbergWorld record for horse mile said to be 1 min 33.2 sec by 4 year old horse Colman at Longfield in 1900.
24-08-1918TimesFairby House has been sold privately by Hampton & Sons
29-08-1918British Bee JournalWanted healthy hybrids - Bee Keeper, Fairby
18-09-1918Burlington Gazette, IowaPicture and report of US wounded arriving at Longfield Station
24-09-1918Weekly Casualty ListL/Cpl J Rich of Hartley, 129624 Machine Gun Corps, wounded
29-10-1918South East GazetteSale of 10½ acre of potatoes at Payne Trapps Building Estate
09-11-1918Kent MessengerWanted nanny goats in milk - Webb, Fairby
14-12-1918Kent MessengerConservative election rally at Southfleet
31-12-1918South East GazetteChislehurst constituency election result: Alfred W Smithers (Con Coalition) 8,314, Capt A Edmunds (National Party) 2,507. Electorate 26,801 of which women 10,996. Dartford constituency had an electorate of 46,000
12-05-1919Daily HeraldAccounts of Dartmoor Settlement for Cos show £35 sent to Fairby Grange as well as all books and magazines
29-08-1919Chelmsford ChronicleBusiness wanted by Sheppard of Grafton House, Hartley
10-10-1919Building NewsFairby Construction Company bid to build 150 houses at Blackley for Manchester Corporation accepted
11-11-1919Hull Daily MailLaunch of Albert Car by Adam Grimaldi & Co
21-11-1919Dover ExpressDrakes for Sale from Stocks Farm
03-12-1919AeroplaneBankruptcy of George Harold Humphrey, one of the founders of Small Owners Limited
15-12-1919Farmer & SmallholderTraining position wanted by Maurice Webb, Fairby
11 October 1911 - Situation wanted
Eastbourne Gazette
Mr Marchant was living in one of the cottages near Hartley Green.  He would have been one of the people evicted by Small Owners Limited when they bought the estate, because they wanted to sell them.  As he had 5 children he clearly would need a school close by.

Cowman (head) seeks situation, early riser, abstainer, understands oil engine and all machinery, 9½ years in present place, age 42, near school. Apply J Marchant, Fairby Farm, Hartley, Longfield, Kent.

24 October 1911 - The Automatic Landowner - The Mecca of the Small Owner
Evening News
This advertisement, apparently under a pseudonym, relates the sales pitch from Mr Humphrey of Small Owners Limited to a prospective buyer at Hartley.

It was an English day.  A day of autumn compromise.

There was a blunt softness in the air, because across the Kentish downs the wind met no resistance, and was good-tempered accordingly.

The Darracq hummed smoothly along.

We could of course, have trained it straight to Fawkham Station, but we wanted to see what our neighbours were like.

The 1.37 from London Bridge had run us to Dartford in 30 minutes with only one stop.

The 'Bull' - memorable to lovers of Pickwick - was having its front elevation repaired, and was of no interest to us at the moment.  We were faring for Fairby Farm, and could do no more justice to the splendid open road than to skim over it, noting the presence of good breaking up gravel in the soil of the fields and ignoring the romance of a ruined Roman Villa to our right.  Because after all, we were concerned with the present - with its beneficent alloy which we term promise for the future.

A short cut through Fawkham Station over a stile, and we were tramping the good brown loam, over the protesting heads of young turnips (at this time of year!) up a slope crowned with woodland.

Here a hard, dry path revealed itself, carpeted with acorns.

Mr H pointed to a curly monarch on our left with scarse a leaft unmoored from its anchorage yet.

"What would you give for that oak in your garden? £5? £10?"

"Yes, and be glad of it."

The Valley Road

Leaving the wood we stood before long on a shelving slope with a wide view in front of us: undulating land leaning gently to a valley road, with flaming beeches in the middle distance, and away off in a hazy dip, more trees in diminishing masses.

"There is Fawkham Church just below, and a little to this side of it is the site of Fawkham Castle - an ancient keep now belonging to the legends.  Here where we stand would be a fine take off for your aeroplane: plenty of room, no chance of dangerous currents, and open to the west and south. A few acres would serve your turn - "

"The last aeroplane I had was a ____ "

"____ But this land", went on Mr H, "is almost too good for a mere jumping on and off place.  It is meant for a permanent alighting ground, with kisses at the front door, and tennis on a lawn and pottering about with a dibber and pruning hook and watching goldfish in a pond - just here, say."

"Well the friend I told you about has lately been married, and is thinking of coming to the country in order to be free from noise and the least suggestion of business.  This place is not far from the City, as the train flies it is as near as Hampstead or Brixton.  I know you told me so, but I came along to see for myself. What my friend wants is my report of the best 2 acre plot you have got, and it's your turn now."

We located this plot, but I shall not indicate it.  I will just mention that it included a bit of woodland, whether for appearance in the front or quiet enjoyment in the rear pleasance, I decline to say - and a delightful uninterrupted view.

I took out a chart.  Some people might call it a meaningless scrawl, but if you had drawn it yourself you also would refer to it as a chart.  Then I came to grips with Mr H.

"These are my friend's instructions.  First, as to the a house, he doesn't want anything reminiscent of the City; it must be, er, redolent of the soil __"

"In other words, a cottage.  We will make him a plan, free, to any style he desires__"
"With a billiard room?"
"And a motor shed?"
"And, let me see, a poultry run?"
"Yes.  We have an expert - that rare thing, a scientific farm manager - who will both provide the poultry and given him three weeks' lessons in the art of keeping them for both

Pleasure and Profit

"And the eggs, I suppose there will be eggs?"

"If he will put himself in the hands of our manager and is willing to take poultry seriously, he could pay for his two acres in two years, out of the poultry and what he takes out of the land."

"Oh! Will he have to work?"

"No need to.  But 10 to 1 this Fairby air will seduce him into doing it. And you can't worry about business while you are gardening."

"Most true.  Personally, I confine myself to looking on at the gardening, and I know I don't think about business then.  I can only think what a silly way the other chap has of doing things."

"Your friend can choose just how he will have his land laid out.  A well known firm of designers will make him a plan free, flowers here, for instance, vegetables there, fruit trees over yonder, or he can keep the garden for flowers and vegetables and take a portion of an orchard.  One of hte orchards we have is full of 5 year old trees and the price of the land would include the trees in their present perfection."

"Can you advise as to suitable furniture?"

"We will not only advise but suppy, if your friend wishes - and at practically wholesale prices - the kind of furniture that seems to me eminently countrylike and homely.  The sort of thing you pay dear for, as a rule, simply because it is both artistic and appropriate, but of course you friend will choose what pleases him."

"In a sentence - your friend simply tells us what he wants and we supply it.  Land, house, plotted garden, poultry, furniture; and if he buys now the best can easily be ready for him by the summer - the ideal time, of course, for a country life."

"And for health.  By the way, the water ____"
"Is company's water."
"The roads___"
"Council road frontage wherever he selects."
"Access to town easy enough"
"There is a splendid service of trains.  You can get to the city in 37 or 50 minutes, according to your choice of train, both morning and evening. There are even theatre trains from Victoria, Holborn Viaduct and St Paul's at midnight, reaching Fawkham about 12.50."

"Tell him that, in order to make the first year at his cottage more memorable, we will present your friend with a season ticket to town which will hold good to the end of June 1913.  We do not offer free trips to prospective buyers; this free season ticket is only for householders on the residential section of Fairby Farm.  We make the offer as one menas of settling the land quickly."

"It is possible he ay come down and check my report."

"He can do it this way; occupy all the morning with business, take the 1.37 from London Bridge to Dartford, and motor from there.  He could have an hour on the estate, 315 acres you know, get the 4.15 from Fawkham, and be back in the office to wind up business.  Or he could devote midday to the matter; take the 11.20 and return by the 2.46."

"How do your plots work out in shape?"

"We give, to an acre plot, at least 100 feet of frontage and about 400 feet of depth, for £120 to £130 the acre.  If you work out the latest offer I know of anywhere else you find the 20 feet frontage and 100 feet depth ome ou at £2,500 per acre - and more than that.  Our local rates, again, are very low, about 4 shillings in the pound."

"And suppose my friend, as we rather think he has, has got rid of most of his immediately available cash over his recent celebration___"

" We are providing for any such case.  We will take 25 per cent down, and the rest can be paid next year or in 5 years or in 12 years, with a modest 5 per cent on the balances.  As you need hardly be told, all the money he pays is so much to the good, nor lost forever as in the case of rent; in fact, if he chose to avail himself of the 12 year period he would be paying less than rent and making hte place his own all the time.

Aladdin's Lamp

Really, seeing how easy it all is, he could hardly do better if he had Aladdin's Lamp!  We are the slaves of the ring and lamp.  Utter your wish - tell us what you want  - and you become automatically a landlord!"

This majestic wind up dazed me for a time, and we next drove slowly round the farm, Mr H pointing out everything with a modest, no not exactly a modest pride; merely the statistical kind of pride of the man who knows that what he is talking about is a good thing without the possibility of question.

We now took in the features of the land appropriated for small holdings - land into which, I was told, thousands of pounds have been put in fertilisers.  Certainly the look of it was decidedly promising; rich, dark land with a sufficiency of gravel for aeration.  As a sample of fertility, Mr Hu pointed to a field of standing brussels sprouts.  There was £600 worth in view, he said.

I saw a dozen or so of labourers' cottages on the estate; Fairby Grange, which did not pass with the land; orchards mature, and one lovely stretch of 5 year old beauties, trees so regular that one might expect see them labelled 'With care! From Noah's Ark Limited.'  This particular orchard is to go at £100 the acre.

The farm buildings, apart from the cottaage, cost some £2,000 and it is here that lessons will be given in dairying and agriculture.

"We will take the small holder's milk and separate it and make the cream into butter for him, if he likes.  If his produce, in fruit, vegetables, poultry, and the rest, is good enough, we will introduce him to a connection with hotels or institutions who must have the best, and with our methods and organisation we can always supply the best.

We ar ein the midst of

A Specially Fertile District

as you can see for yourself.  As for poultry, Orpington is not for all, to give an example.  Let the smallholder send us his produce; our manager will see to the rest.  Freedom from trouble again, you see our very object, one of the leading features which make our proposition different from any other.  That is the idea of the season ticket and of making you a home complete."

"And the price for this agricultural land?"

"From £32 per acre, and you can buy from 1 to 50, every acre with a hard road frontage.  We have 218 acres set apart for the smallholders; the residential sites account for 97.  That is a council school we are passing.  Grammar schools you can get at Rochester or Chatham, not far."

"Grammar schools remind me of golf.  I don't know why."

"There are links at Gravesend, 4 miles away.  At Rochester is the Royal Medway Club."

"Golf suggests church - naturally."

"There are three within a few minutes: Longfield, Hartley and Fawkham."

"Coming once more to the agricultural land, I notice that most of it is turned."

"Yes, cultivated right up to the date we transfer it".

"You have certainly thought the matter out very thoroughly.  I see no flaw in the proposition."

"My dear sir, we knew from the first what we were looking for.  It is the bare fact that we examined or considered hundreds of estates before we pitched upon Fairby Farm."

"Well you have partly verified our claim that your friend can do the business in half a day.  We shall catch the 4.15 badk to Town (we could have taken an earlier train at Fawkham), and a short talk in our office in our office over cottage plans, garden plotting and selection of furniture would relieve him of all trouble.  He would simply await our note to the effect that his cottage was ready, furnished and aired, the garden laid out, and the hens clucking out there are eggs, fresh eggs, for tomorrow's breakfast.  Let him ask for me at the offices of Small Owners Limited, in Temple Chambers, Temple Avenue, London EC.  I shall be pleased to see him, whether he is quite ready to proceed or not.  Let him ring up 13183 Central or he can call upon our surveyors, Messrs Leopold Farmer and Sons, 46 Gresham Street, EC."

I am asking y friend accordingly to meet Mr H.  I believe he will thank me next summer at 'Woodland Cottage' Fairby Farm.

John Dalma

9 October 1912 - Inquest on George Monk of Brickend (10)
South East Gazette
Hartley Hole is now called Brickend, Church Road.

Swallowed Fruit Stones - Schoolboy's death at Longfield - Jury and the Doctor

At the Gravesend Town Hall, on Thursday, the Borough Coroner held an inquiry into the death of George Arthur Wiliam Monk, aged 10, who died on Tuesday.  Mr W Lowe was chosen foreman of the jury.

Emma Monk, of Hartley Hole, Longfield, identified the body as that of her son, who was taken ill on Friday evening.  He had been to school all that day and then complained of pain.  He slpt all day Saturday and the following night.  On Monday she sent for Dr Lace, of Sutton at Hone, who came on Tuesday, having meanwhie sent medicine and a powder.  When he came he ordered the child's removal to the hospital.  The boy had been eating damsons and blackberries before being taken ill.  Witness expressed the opinion that had the doctor attended when summoned he might have been able to save the child's life.  The doctor lived 5 miles away.

Dr Herbert Temple Williams, house surgeon at the hospital, said the child was brought in early on Tuesday afternoon, in a very collapsed condition, and died about 6 o'clock.  He was too ill on arrival for anything to be done.  Witness made a post mortem and found obstruction of the intestines.  There were some damson stones in the intestines, and the only remedy was an operation.  Had deceased been operated upon on Monday, he might have been saved.

George Monk, a bricklayer's labourer, father of deceased, said when he went for the doctor he explained his son's condition.  Dr Lace told him he had several cases of persons eating sour fruit to attend, and he would come in the morning.

"He has got a motor car and it would not have taken him ten minutes", witness added.

The Coroner, addressing the jury, said it might be difficult for them to understand the action of Dr Lace, but had a proper explanation of the case been given him, he would no doubt have endeavoured to attend the child.  As it was, directly he saw the boy, he appreciated the seriousness of the case.

Eventually, after a long deliberation, the jury returned a verdict in accordance with the medical testimony, and added a rider to the effect that had Dr Lace been in a position to attend immediately he was notified, the child's life would probably have been saved.

17 March 1913 - Sale of Hartley Manor

Sir William Chance has disposed of his estate of 600 acres near Fawkham, Kent, known as Hartley Manor.  It is intersected by the South Eastern and Chatham main line.  The land, scheduled in the Domesday Book as belonging to Odo, Bishop of Baieux, was originally called Erclei or Arclei.  The lordship of the manor and the advowson to the living of Hartley are included in the sale, which was carried out by Messrs Nicholas.

13 May 1913 - Daisy crop at Hartley
Pall Mall Gazette

A Million Daisies - Specially grown in England for Today's Decorations

A million daisies (Marguerites) have been gathered from the small owners' farms and sent to all parts of the country for Empire buttonholes and decorations today.  The farms on which they were grown are at Great Leighs in Essex, the Histon District of Cambridgeshire and Fairby at Fawkham in Kent.

This is the first year that hardy English daisies have been grown for Empire Day.  It is a crop that pays the small holder very handsomely, as much as £83 having been made by one grower from an acre.  Last year the daisies grown for the market made more per box than sweet peas  Now that they have become the flower of Empire - the white petals representing the Dominions and the golden centre the Mother country - their cultivation is expected to become increasingly profitable.

For purpose of decoration few flowers, if tastefully arranged, are more graceful.  The novice is sometimes apt to crowd too many in a vase.  Five or six blooms, as a rule, prove far more effective than a crowded bunch.

13 July 1913 - Flowers from Fairby
Belfast Weekly News

Honour for Small Owners
The bouquets and floral decorations of the Royal saloon in connection with the visit of HRH the Princess Henry of Battenberg to Herne Bay to open the King Edward VII Memorial Hall were supplied by Fairbys Limited of 17 Buckingham Palace Road, the distributing department of the Fairby Small Owners' Colony of Fawkham, Kent.

13 August 1913 - Cottages for Sale
London Evening News
When Smallowners Limited bought Fairby, this was bad news for the people who lived in the existing properties on the estate, because Small Owners did not want to be landlords, so they would have been evicted so the cottages could be put up for sale.

Ideal Weekend Cottages - Kent, 23 mies from London
In delightful country surroundings, 15 old fashioned cottages for sale at prices varying from £100 to £225.  Full particulars and photographs on application to: The Cottages Department, Small Owners Limited, 34 Norfolk Street, Strand WC.

10 January 1914 - Rural Development: A Settlement Of Small Owners
The Outlook

Rural Development. A Settlement Of Small Owners
By Patrick Perterras.

Some weeks ago Mr. Tollemache's book, The Occupying Ownership of Land, was reviewed in The Outlook. Exception was taken to some of the author's views with regard to agricultural cooperation, and it was argued that the extremely well-organised group of small holdings at Fairby, to which he refers, though a great advance on the unorganised groups of the past, must in turn be surpassed by groups organised on genuinely cooperative lines. I believe that contention to be incontrovertible. It elms not follow however that the Fairby group is not destined to be entirely successful. There is no reason why it should not become cooperative. Its success indeed seems to be already assured, and it is with sincere satisfaction that I see it tending more and more towards cooperative methods. If, as I believe will be the case, the plan adopted at Fairby proves merely an approach to cooperation through the temporary employment of outside capital on joint-stock lines, co-operators need not object to it. The example may well be one which in similar conditions they might follow. It is said in support of the Fairby plan that when it is proposed to settle men on the land who have little or no experience of either agriculture or cooperation, some kind of paternal administration is essential to begin with, and that cooperation, if later considered desirable by the settlers themselves, will follow. I am not prepared to assert that in the circumstances indicated the Fairby plan may not be the best.   

Some account of the Fairby settlement, and the means by which it was brought into being, may be interesting. At the is outset it may be said that the admirable work accomplished at Fairby has been done by Mr. George Humphrey, the present managing director, and his brother, Mr. Leonard Humphrey, the chief agricultural expert and formerly an official of the fa Irish Department of Agriculture and Technical Instruction.
The estate has recently been added to considerably, and the original number of fifty small holdings will probably be more than doubled within the next few months. When the land was purchased it consisted of fruit-orchards, pasture, and the arable land, all in very good order. The scheme of the syndicate which bought it was to cut it up into small holdings, building a house on each in accordance with the requirements of the occupier. Each accepted applicant was advised as to the class and size of holding most suitable to him and as to the employment of his capital. As a rule a cash payment, but equal to 25 per cent, of the price of the house and land, was, demanded on taking possession, the balance being payable in instalments spread over twelve years. An arrangement has since been made with a building society by which the payments may, if desired, be spread over twenty years. All the sale occupiers must become purchasers either for cash or on the then instalment system. There are no permanent tenancies.

In a central position there is a depot, which is at once the social and business centre of the group. Each small holder over can hire labour, implements, or horses at reasonable rates. Through the depot he can market his produce and buy his requirements. There is a store where domestic necessaries may be purchased; and a credit bank is being established to supply capital, if required, to those who, having invested in the estate, have a sound security to offer. There is also a well-equipped jam factory and fruit-bottling establishment. Skilled technical advice is provided, so that the least experienced men can hardly go wrong and will gradually gain knowledge in a practical school which is always up to date. The deptot also serves the purpose of a dub, possessing a library and common reading-room. Social and business meetings take place frequently. The settlers' wives have formed themselves into a ladies' guild and are already organising a supplementary industry, which will probably take form of carpet-weaving, to be carried on in their homes.

It will be seen that the system makes it especially easy for those who are not adepts in agriculture to set up on the land.
Experience is not insisted on as a qualification. In selecting from the many applicants energy and character are considered far more than technical knowledge, and the wisdom of this course has been completely vindicated. If the settlement had done nothing else, it would have served a most useful purpose in establishing beyond a doubt that, with sound advice and expert guidance at command, the intelligent but uninstructed man who will work may confidently set up as a small farmer and at once become successful.

Fruit and vegetables form the bulk of the output from Fairby. Most of the small holders also keep poultry, though poultry-keeping is not generally recommended to the inexperienced man except as an auxiliary industry. Some pigs are kept and there is a range of pigsties at the depot, where those who have no accommodation for pigs on their holdings may house them for 6d. a week apiece. The only dairying : is done by one settler, who supplies the others with milk, and in doing so finds a sufficient business. The holdings vary in size from two to twelve acres.

I must record, as an example of the manner in which smallholders settled in a group and working together can obtain advantages which individually would be quite out of their reach, the way in which the important strawberry-crop is said dealt with at Fairby. The fruit is gathered soon after 4am, and a motor immediately conveys it to London, where it is on sale by 8am the same day. In the evening any fruit which may remain unsold is brought back to Fairby by the same motor and at once made into jam or " pulped " for winter jam-making. Similar methods are applied to other kinds of produce; and when difficulties arise about the disposal of anything produced on the estate, the matter is carefully thought out by good business brains, and if a solution the is possible it is sure to be arrived at.

So far all the settlers have cultivated almost exclusively in the open, and there is little glass to be seen on the holdings. But the management have just erected a long range of glass for experimental purposes. It is proposed to test various kinds of hothouse crops; and when it has been proved beyond a doubt that any particular form of produce can be raised profitably, the syndicate will be prepared to advance money to settlers to put up the necessary glass for themselves. It may perhaps surprise some readers to know that without any glass a good worker can extract a reasonable living from two acres of ground. It is found that the net is income from that area at Fairby comes to about £70 a year.
It will be seen that the Fairby system provides not merely to the economic advantage of buying or selling in common, but some of the social amenities which co-operation affords. And it is clear that ultimately the settlement can become entirely co-operative. Already it has been decided is to offer the store to a co-operative society consisting of the settlers. I understand that another co-operative society for sale and purchase is contemplated by some of the settlers themselves. And when the original syndicate has sold and been paid for all its land it will have fulfilled its function, and all the central institutions created by it can then be taken over by the settlers.

I may add that a portion of the Fairby estate has been set aside for what are residential rather than agricultural small holdings. Houses costing £800 or £1,000 or more, with two or three acres of land attached, are obviously not intended to be supported from such small landed estates. But it seems very sound policy to associate with the community at Fairby a certain number who do not rely on agriculture for their living. It takes all classes to make up a complete community.

The Fairby system is simplicity itself, and for that very reason its originators deserve the highest credit. Like Columbus with the egg, they have shown how easy of solution a baffling problem may be when approached intelligently. What they have done may be done again, and their system may be applied to many forms of agricultural enterprise. They have rendered a great service to the cause of rural development. They do not profess to be philanthropists, but nevertheless they have brightened the lives and added to the happiness of those who have taken advantage of their scheme.

19 March 1914 - The Fairby Village Farm
Ormskirk Advertiser
A very detailed description of the Small Owners Limited Scheme at Hartley, by director George Harold Humphrey.

Successful Small Holdings Experiment
An article which must be of great interest at the present time, when Small Holdings and their creation are so much in the public mind, appears in the March Official Circular of the Central Land Association, from the pen of Mr G H Humphrey.  The scheme, which is here outlined, and with which Mr Humphrey is so clearly associated, is claimed to be the most successful experiment of the kind in this country.

At the outset the writer of the article says it is gernerally admitted that agriculture should employ a larger number of the population of this country than it does at present.  Compared with other European countries, the area under agriculture in the United Kingdom employs barely one third of the number which aa similar area employs in other countries.  It was after investigation of small holdings and small holding societies in this country that the organisation under which Fairby Farm is developing was formed in 1911, Mr Humphreys continues:

"We found that small holdings suffered from lack of capital, and the failure and limited success which are generally associated with the movement is due to this fact.  I came to this conclusion that unless it could be proved that small holdings were sufficiently commercially successful to attract capital just in the same way as in any other industrial enterprise, all the propaganda work which was being done by the societies was to no purpose.

Investigating the price of land, it was found that under the Small Holdings Act 1907, many small holders were paying 50 shillings and some even more per acre, or a rent in many cases 50, 60 and 100 per cent more than the rental farmer had paid for the land as a large farm  But enquiry from some of the large estate agents showed that there were many estates in this country which were as suitable for small holdings as any which were being let for 50 shillings per acre, to be purchased at from £18 to £30 per acre.  Land which would be bought for £20 per acre was as good as that which was being let under the 1907 Act at 40 shillings and 50 shillings per acre.  Here then was an opportunity to prepare a scheme of land settlemen which should prove a sound commercial investment.

A scheme of small holding purchase by instalments was prepared and put into operation with such success that a small farm was secured in Essex, divided up into small holding and rapidly disposed of.  This land was sold to th esmall holders at £27 per acre.  As evidence of its suitability for the purpose, one of the small holders told me at the end of the second year that he had made a return of £50 per acre, and that he expected in a year or two's time to make £70 and £80 per acre nett profit from his holding.  I should mention here that I believe him to abe an exceptionally capable small holder, and therefore his figures are above the average return which may be expected.  But his fact also emphasises that a small holder who knew his beuness chose land which could be sold at £27 per acre, and has done extraordinarily well on it. He has told me that he considers this land equal to much of the land which is offered in Cambridgeshire at £80 and £100 per acre, where the demand for small holdings alone has sent up the price of land.  As had been expected, the success of this samll farm had the result of securing outside coercial capital, enabling the organisation, which had been started by my brother and myself, to purchase Fairby, a property sufficiently large for the development of those ideas of organisation and administration which we deemed essential in any large scheme for the creation of small holdings.

Fairby Farm in 1911 was 315 acres in extent and is situated 23 miles from London on the main Chatham line.  From the agricultural point of view it is a fair type of many farms to be found in this country.  It had been cultivated as an average Kentish farm.  50 acres were under fruit, about 40 acres under market garden crops, 60 acres under pasture, and the rest was farmed with straw and root crops.  The fruit plantations were 5 and 6 years old, and gave us admirable data as to what an established small fruit holding woudl produce.  The farm generally was suitable for almost every form of intensive agriculture.  This area was offered for sale in small holdings in the autum of 1911, and was very rapidly taken up. There are altogether some 60 small holders on the farm, and most of them go in for a mixed semi-intensive form of cultuvation.  With regard to the selection of applicants, as a commercial concern it is not possible to influence these very directly, but our policy has been to encourage rather the better type of agriculturalist and the small businessman than the ordinary agricultural labourer.  Although agricultural experience is of course invaluable in farming, it is not so necessary, and has proved indeed sometimes a hindrance when a man takes up a small holding.

The distinction between small holdings and farming has not been sufficiently defined in the past.  A small holder is not a little farmer, and to be successful has very little indeed to learn from a large farmer.  Niether have we found that the men who win the prizes at the local flower shows and grow the largest cabbages and the finest rhubarb become the best small holders. The important thing fo a small holder to learn is to grow what he can sell profitably, and in this way many men who have had something of a ound business trianing, bu tno agricultural experience, become excellent small holders.  A man who came to use 2 years ago with no experience and took up a 5 acre holding (??? fruit)  last year made £180 nett profit after paying all expenses.  I am persuaded in my own mind that there should be no difficulty in creating hundreds of similarly successful small holders in other parts of the United Kingdom.

In dividing Fairby a basis of ownership was decided upon for two reasons. Firstly that ownership would be more attractive to the commerial poeple we desired to interest, as it would offer a better return on their capital.  Secondly, we found that ownership had much greater attraction for the best small holders than any system of tenancy.  With the Fairby system which is now fairly well know as the 'depot system' of agricultural organisation, we carry on the farm staff, buildings, horses, implements, just as they were conducted under the later owner and farmer.  Most small holders in other districts have a stable, a horse or pony, a cart, a plough [.......................................................................] labour is used to cultvate the farm and to keep all the unsold land in at least as high a state of cultiviation as it was when we took it over.  Similarly, the requirements of small holders wiht regard to seeds, implements, netting, fencing etc are met through the Buying Department. The farm staff is in charge of a foreman who is chosen for his experience of market garden and fruit crops.  In additiona to the use of the buildings as a Depot, ertain portions of them have been adapted to provide the other departments which the scheme includes.  In the Machinery Building there is an efficient oil engine and shafting runs to the chaff cutting machine, root pulpers and oat crushers, also to the Joinery Shop where the window frames and other joinery used in the Building Department for the erection of houses and temporary buildings are made.  Teh power is also used in connection with some of the machinery in the Jam Factory.  With the Jam Factory on the spot the small holder at Fairby is sure of anett market price on his holding which is nearly always better than the nett price that he could expect on an exceptionally good day at Covent Garden.  In connection with the Depot there is also a 5 acre market garden, including a long glass and mushroom house whih is being developed to provide experimental data for the small holders.  It is hoped during the coming year to instal several similar glass houses on the small holdings.  Many small holders would go in for glass were it not for the captial involved.  It is proposed at Fariby to build  glass  houses for the small holders and sell them to them on a deferred payment system over a term of years.

Another development which is also under consideration is a plant for the dessication of vegetables.  This it is considered will deal wiht the surplus of vegetables just the same as the Jam Factory deals with the surplus of fruit.  We have always considered that a small holding colony should not only produce successful small holders, but should promote the prosperity of the district in which they are situated.  That this has been the case at Fairby is very evident.  Under the old system of farming, Fairby in 1910 employed only about 7 men per 100 acres.  Under present conditions the estate is employing 25 men for each 100 acres. The local tradesmen testify to the increased prosperity which they have experienced as a result of the settlement at Fairby.  Even the Railway Company last year considered it advisable to open a new stateion in the district.  With these facts in mind we welcomed the opportunity which arose last year to purchase an adjoining 600 acres, being the Hartley Manor Estate, which in its turn is developing as satisfactorily as Fairby has done.

In conclusion, I consider that we have abundantly proved at Fairby the economic soundness of small holdings and the suitability of the Englishman for intensive cultivation.  Further we have showen that the United Kingdom can offer better opportunities than any of our Colonies to any man who wishes for an agricultural life and is willing to work hard.  Several of the returned Colonials who have settled down at Fairby have made similar remarks to me.  One in particular who approached us 2 years ago would not believe, afeter 22 years' experience in Canada that a living could be made off less than 100 acres of land.  After being assured that 5 acres under our system was sufficient to provide a good income, and with the additional proisse that if he could not make a living from it, we would take his house and 5 acres of land back at the price he paid for them, he decided to settle at Fairby.  Last year he tells me he made £164 nett profit off his 5 acres.  Comment is needless.  What has been done at Fairby can be done in many other parts of the country.  Fairby is the first serious attempt to bring sound finane, business organisation and suitable applicants together, for the extension of small holdings in this country.

With regard to the question of cooperation, I feel sure that ultimately Fairby will become entire cooperative.  Our system of organisation takes the place of cooperation for the time, as the capital it represents provides the implements and organisation for combined working  When, however the small holders have put their individual undertakings on a osund comercial basis, they will know aht they require and jut how far cooperative management will benefit them."

20 June 1914 - Woodlands, Ash Road for sale
Kent Messenger
To those desirous of residing in a beautiful part of the county, with a pleasurable and remunerative occupation.


1½ miles from Fawkham Station, 22 miles from London.  

A perfectly unique freehold property, comprising picturesque small residence, approached by carriage drive with pretty gardens and lawns in front, and containing 3 reception rooms, kitchen, scullery, 3 bedrooms, bathroom (h & c) etc.  Company's water.  Modern drainage

4 acres thriving fruit plantation.  A part of the property has been highly cultivated for market gardening, and the remainder includes paddock and poultry runs, the whole extending to about 14 acres.

Denyer and Collisn are instructed to sell the above by auction, at the Mart, Tokenhouse Yard, EC, on Friday June 26th at 2 o'clock precisely....

27 June 1914 - Obituary of William Packman
Kent Messenger

The Packmans originally lived for many years at Hartley Hill Cottage, and William was still employed at New House Farm.

Ash - Sudden death
William Packman, aged 74, who had been employed for a number of years by Mr Joseph Thornton, New House Farm, Hartley, died suddenly on Saturday morning last.  He was heard as usual about the house at 6.30am by his sister, Mrs Russell of Russell Villas, Ash, with whom he lived.  Shortly afterwards she heard him calling to come downstairs, and on arriving found him lying prostrate on the kitchen floor.  Dr Smith was sent for, and on arriving shortly afterwards found that life was extinct.  The cause of death was attributed to heart trouble, and the coroner decided that an inquest was not necessary.

11 July 1914 - Cricket: Southfleet v Hartley
Gravesend Reporter
There is a sadness about this report, as it comes less than a month before war broke out.  Two of Hartley's players (E Holness, C Haygreen) lost their lives, while Southfleet's star player E Stoneham, who won the match virtually single handed, was badly wounded.

Played on Saturday, resulting in a win for the home team....


S H Ellerby b E Stoneham7D Woodward c F Hodges b S Ellerby5
P Dennis b E Stoneham
1H Baker run out1
H G Green b E Stoneham
0S Southwood b A Humphreys2
A Humphreys run out
11E Stoneham b G Elliott77
T Rodwell b E Bailey
9H Lane b S H Ellerby24
F Hodges c H Lane b F Fuller
7J W Woodward b S H Ellerby4
E Holness c E Bailey b F Fuller
0P Bailey b S H Ellerby8
G Elliott not out
6F Fuller b A Humphrey6
C Haygreen b F Fuller
11F B Andrus b G Elliott3
J Boorman c H Lane b F Fuller
0K Rosenberg not out13
D Robson b E Bailey0D Rosenberg c P Dennis b G Elliott1

4 September 1914 - Alleged Spy at Ash
Dartford Chronicle
Later the interpreter Mr Lincoln would write that they thought he was a spy but couldn't prove anything, hence the vagrancy charge.

Conviction at Dartford
Tuesday at Dartford Police Court, Zeina Pol, described as a Hungarian, an old man, was charged with being an alien enemy, who had failed to regiter himself, at Ash on August 30th.

Accused said he did not know that he had to register.

PC Prall said he was called by a special constable on Wednesday night at Haven Hill, where he found the prisoner, who had several papers.  When asked whether he would be tried at this court or not, prisoner said (through his interpreter) that he would like to be taken to London to se Mr Luber and the Acting consul.  He also said he thought the people were going to poison him with tea.

Mr E T Lincoln, official interpreting, said that a book and papers with pictures of two airships were found on the accused, who said he did not know what they were.  "He got these things because he wanted to be arrested."

Prisoner was sentenced to 1 month's hard labour.

19 September 1914 - Recruiting meeting at Longfield
Kent Messenger
The story appears twice in the paper.  Elsewhere it says the meeting was under the auspices of the Gravesend and Northfleet Territorial Force Subcomittee.  The speakers were Rev E Smith, Lt Ivan Frith, Major Pigon, Rev Canon Gedge, Mrs Frith and Guy T Mumford.  The Friths sang patriotic songs.  At another meeting at Meopham Mrs Frith said she had just returned from a world tour.  To me it is a bit jarring seeing clergy being cheerleaders for war.

A meeting was held in the Longfield Club Room on Tuesday evening to further recuiting.  The meeting having been opened by a stirring speech and songs, the recruiting officer for the Dartford district gave a well received address, pointing out the great advantages of voluntary enlistment over conscription, and urging the necessity for a large and efficient army even at the conclusion of the war, when the terms of peace were under discussion.  A woman on the platform made a strong appeal 'from a woman to women' begging wives and mothers to encourage their menkind to strive to defend their homes and families, while Canon Gedge spoke upon the matter from a clerical point of view  It was mentioned that if Longfield could make up a contingent of 10 men, a place would be found for them in the West Kent Regiment.

10 October 1914 - Sale at Hartley Poultry Farm
Kent Messenger
Hartley Poultry Farm was at Fairhaven, Manor Drive.

Hartley Poultry Farm, Hartley Kent - within easy distance of Fawkham Station.

Mr  Philip Champion has received instructions to sell by auction, upon the  premises as above, on Friday 23rd October 1914 at 1 o'clock pm, the live  and dath poultry farm stock, comprising:

500  head of pure bred fowls (all Cook's strain direct), including White and  Buff Orpingtons, White Wyandottes, Rhode Island Reds, Red and Speckled  Sussex, White and Salmon Faveroiles and Indian Game,

60  portable houses and sheds.  Poultryman's living house, portable stable,  5 incubators, 10 foster mothers, fatting coops, a large quantity of  wire netting and stakes.

2 stacks of hay.
Mare, Van and Harness

The very complete and extensive equipment of a new and up-to-date appliances and utensils and a few lots of household furniture,..

2 January 1915 - Progress at Fairby
Kent Messenger

Village Industry
The new Hartley Agricultural Colony is making satisfactory progress.   The Rural Development Company has taken over the business of Small Owners Limited, on the Fairby Farm and Hartley Manor Estates, is providing additional facilities for the promotion of local industries, including poultry farming, pig-keeping and a bacon factory.  The colony has, of course, been somewhat affected by the war, 14 of the residents and the company's staff have joined the colours, but there is a good prospoect of business being greatly developed by the increased demand for produce of all kinds.  The projected Fairby Fair had to be indefinitely postponed, but a poultry conference is to be held on January 4th.  The social side is not by any means overlooked, as the Cooperative Society and the Ladies' League and the Social Club are all flourishing.  In spite of the war, several newcomers have taken up residence during the last few months.

2 April 1915 - Soldiers' Joke with an amusing sequel
Western Gazette

According to a local journal, a farm labourer at Hartley, Kent, captured a military balloon, but the only reward he received for his bravery has been ridicule.

Whilst at work he heard voices overhead, enquiring the position of Hartley.  At once, imagining that enemies were upon him, he asked "Are you Germans?"

"Yes" replied the occupants of the balloon in chorus, whereupon Hodge at once seized the rope hanging from the aircraft and secured it round a telephone post, and made off for help.

The occupants however, were British soldiers, who were forced to deflate the balloon and return by rail!

11 June 1915 - Walkers, Don't bother visiting Hartley!
Evening News
The article includes a map and pictures of Southfleet Church, Cottages and the Wheatsheaf Pub

The Footpath Way - No. 14 The Land of Shrimps, Apples and Hops
On leaving Gravesend Central Station you will probably wish to spend some time in exploring the picturesque purlieus of the town.  The narrow High Street and the riverside district are full of character.

You will pick up the walk by returning to the ain road that runs parallel wiht the river, then either walk or (better still) take the tram ot Northfleet Church.  Getting off here, go through the churchyard left of the building and, turning left when out of it, another path will be found that continues to Springhead.  At first it is not inviting.  But it soon improves, and runs alongside the stream running down from Springhead.

When you come at last to a road there is an open path opposite which should be noted as continuing the walk.

But you may care first to turn a few yards to the right and get some light refreshments at the house beyond, which is famous for its fare and is much patronised by the Gravesend folk.  It has pleasant gardens, watercress beds, a monkey house, an ancient giant of a willow tree, and bubbling waters of the spring that gives the place its name; in all sufficient attractions to make it almost worthy to adopt the phrase of Rosherville Gardens as its motto: The Place to spend a happy day.

But suppose we get on with the walk.  Take the aforesaid path and continue along it to a crossroad.  The follow the Betsham road rightwards (sign-posted) to that hamlet at another crossroads.

Here turn to the left and go up the Longfield and Fawkham Road, through hopfields and apple orchards, till you reach the next crossroad at the oddly picturesque corner by the thatched public house, the Old Wheatsheaf.

A land of small holdings

Turn to the right past this a little way to a stile on the left, and over it, take the left path forward and down to the road in the valley below.  If you like to follow the indicated route on the map from this point to Fawkham church, which I took, it will be easy to pick up.

The path is signposted from the lane ahead.  But I do not advise it.  There is little of interest at Fawkham Church, and the land between it and Hartley, to the Black Lion, is cut up in small holdings.  However flourishing these may be they do not add to the beauty of the landscape.

It is better to turn along the road leftwards, instead of going on to Fawkham church (The SE and C Railway station lies to the right as you pass the Railway Hotel).

Note when just beyond the second right turning, a signposted footpath on the left ('To Southfleet').  This rises sharply up an unfenced, stiffish hillside, almost opposite Longfield Church in the valley.

A good view point

This path is to be followed.  It commands fine views when the crest of the hill is reached, over rolling fields, orchards, and in the distance the river.

It ends at length in a rough cart track.  By turning left along this and keeping forward on reaching a road with a better surface, you will come into the very pleasing and pretty village of Southfleet.

A fine grey old church, many gabled ancient cottage, and wide branched trees combine to make Southfleet one of the prettiest villages in Kent.

With a look at the map you will be able to see how to reach Southfleet Station, or to return via Springhead by footpath from the churchyard here.

But my route was to leave the church and follow the land that dips downhill past the Ship Inn and then rises to another lane that opposes it.  By turning right here for a little way you will pick up a path on the left (an obvious continuation of another on the right) that leads into Perry Street, a hamlet of Gravesend.

Then, keeping forward by the continuing rough road, and following the same direction when in town, you will come to the tramlines, and can so rach the Central Station.  For the curious in gastronomy, Gravesend natives (freshly boiled shrimps) are to be had in the little shops in West Street.

And, mind you, they are not to be despised eaten with thin brown bread and butter and lashings of hot tea at the end of a 12 to 14 mile walk, such as this, through Kentish orchards, hop gardens and cornfields.

Outward: Victoria, Charing Cross etc to Gravesend, 3 shillings return.  Or (a cheaper route) from Fenchurch Street, 1s 9d return, including ferry, whichever is convenient.

13 August 1915 - Put that light out
Kent Messenger

The Lighting Order - More Summonses
Several summonses under the Lighting Order were heard at Dartford on Friday.

Percy Dennis of Hartley, was summonsed at the person in charge for not keeping the lights at the Hartley Social Club's premises effectively shaded on July 18th.  Harold Bare and Albert Humphreys, two other officials of the club, were also summoned in respect of the same offence.

Police Sergeant Binfield said he saw a bright light coming from a billiard room occupied by the club.  He went to the room and found Dennis and Bare playing billiards.  There were 6 acetalyne lights over the table, and the windows were only shaded by linen blinds  Bare told witness when the Order came in he had the blinds put up, and if they were not sufficient he would have some of darker material supplied at once.  Witness replied that he would be reported.

Bare said he had no intimation from the police that the curtains were not sufficient, though they had been in use for a long time. 30 or 40 people used the room.

Humphreys, the owner, said until the officer called he had not the slightest idea the lights were not sufficiently obscured.  He immediately ordered the club to be closed, and this was done.  Had they been notified they would have covered the windows at once.

The case was dismissed.

Annie Sales, Minchin Cottage, Hartley Road, was charged with a similar offence on the 19th and pleaded guilty.

Police Sergeant Binfield said he saw a light pass the front door and go upstairs lighting 4 windows.  He told defendant there was too much light, and she put the light out in all but one window, and that was darkened by a cloth.

Mrs Sales said she had to have a light for the baby.

Defendant's husband, it was stated, had enlisted, and she and a sister occupied the house.

Fined 5 shillings.

3 November 1915 - The Gables for Sale
The Bystander
The advert contains a good picture of the house.  The Gables is on Ash Road at the top of Hoselands Hill.

The Gables, Hartley, near Longfield, Kent.  For Sale £1,100 Freehold.
This charming little property occupies a very attractive situation on high ground, overlooking one of the prettiest rural districts.  Only ¼ mile from station, village and church; 3 reception and 5 bedrooms, bathroom (h & c), and usual offices; motor garage and other out-buildings; tennis lawn and spinney; with well stocked gardens of about 1 acre.  For further particulars address 'Owner' as above.

1916 Cases before the Dartford Rural Tribunal
When conscription was introduced, so was a system of appeals against conscription.  This might be on the grounds of hardship, occupation or conscientious grounds, for example.  The tribunal was reluctant to grant exemptions on the grounds of conscience.

28 July 1916 Dartford Chronicle
John Rich, a bricklayer, of Hartley, as a socialist objected to any form of military or naval discipline.  He said society was wrong.  They could not live by killing.  He did not think the cause was just or right for which England was at war.  His son, who was serving, did as he wished. He was hostile to every party that was not a socialist party.  He had a right to his own opinion

The Rev S Morgan said no man had a right in his opinion if that opinion was wrong.

Applicant said it was impossible to be a Christian and a Socialist was well.

The Rev S Morgan "Oh, is that so, then I am done.  There is nothing to prevent a Socialist being a Christian.

Applicant said a socialist must be an athiest.  He was a creature of circumstance.   There was no such thing as having a will of his own.

The Military Representative said what was the serious hardship that applicant complained of.

Applicant explained that his son had joined the army voluntarily, and applicant had to pay his son's clubs in case of his returning wounded  He had not received a farthing for the whole time he enlisted.

Granted exemption so long as on munitions work.

1 April 1916 Kent Messenger
Henry Thomas Bentley of Hartley Green, Longfield, a market gardener, employed by the Rural Development Company, was refused exemption.  The same company appealed (with the same result) for H Brock of Hothfield, Hartley, who, it was stated, would not be of military age till July.

15 April 1916 Kent Messenger
The application of Percy W Dennis, of Elinville (Elm Villa), Hartley, Longfield, fruit grower and market gardener, was not granted.

29 April 1916 Kent Messenger
H Williams of Elin Cottage, Hartley, who had been before the Medical Board, was passed for home service.

14 July 1916 Dartford Chronicle
The Fairby Construction company appealed for G V Lynds, painter, and J H Skinner, smith, both of Hartley... H Munday, foreman, Hartley ... A Munday, Longfield, carpenter .... E C Wood, manager, Longfield .... L J Dumnall, joiner, Longfield; A E Dumnall, joiner, Longfield.... The firm's representative said they had a great number of contracts.... All the men granted conditional exemption, a report of the whereabouts of their employment to be issued to the Military Representative at intervals.

28 July 1916 Dartford Chronicle
Ernest Locke, Orchard Cottage, Hartley, clerk, on personal grounds, [temporary exemption] 1 month.

28 October 1916 Kent Messenger
Thomas C Stuart, 32, Market Gardener, Hartley - certificate [of exemption] withdrawn.
Percy Shipp, carman, Longfield - refused.
E R Hoadley, 18, horseman of Middleton Farm, Longfield - [appeal] dismissed.
Benjamin W Pankhurst 27, White Hill, Longfield, employed at Curtis & Harvey's Chemical Works - Conditional Exemption

4 November 1916 Kent Messenger
Frank C Hammond, 30, married, manager to the Fairby Construction Company, Hartley - appeal dismissed by West Kent Tribunal.

17 November 1916 Dartford Chronicle
The appeal of the two brothers TW and F Crouch, of Longfield, was reheard. One of the brothers had been adjourned to see whether on medical examination, the other was fitter to serve, and it now appeared that both were in the same class.  The chairman "That means the army must have the younger" - "Can we have time to get up the potatoes?".  The older brother was granted conditional exemption, and the younger was given until January 1st.

17 November 1916 Dartford Chronicle
George Bassano, the Croft, Hartley, poultry farmer, previously granted temporary exemption, was an appeal by the military for review and withdrawal of his certificate.  He said the output of eggs per week was 3,000 and he had 120 fruit trees.  He was ordered to go before a medical board.

27 May 1916 - Army fly posting
Kent Messenger

A hint to Churchwardens
The Churchwardens of Longfield on the Saturday after Easter Day affixed their annual statement of accounts to the  church notice board, but on Sunday a large Army poster was pasted in the centre of the board, nearly covering the balance sheet, and also totally covering a notice just affixed by the clerk of the Parish Council.  Complaint was made to the Secretary of State for War, and inquiry having been made through the officer of the Eastern Command and the recruiting officers at Maidstone and Gravesend, and explanation was given of the cause of the incident. Other Churchwardens may find similar difficulty in providing for all the notices for which room must be found on church boards at the present time, and be glad to know that their rights may be respected if due representations be made.

7 June 1916 - Local Postal Service Reorganisation
Kent Messenger

Postal Services
On and after Monday next there will be considerable alterations in the despatch of letters from Longfield.  The present outward mails will be abandoned, and the despatches on weekdays will be at 2.50 pm and 5.20 pm, and on Sundays at 9.40 am.  The times of collection at the outlyiing letter boxes will be altered to correspond.  The mails will all be sent to Dartford, and not to London direct.

26 May 1916 - Price Increases since 1914
Dartford Chronicle

Saving of Food - Failure of Voluntary Restrictions
There is on the part of the purchasing public as a whole no evidence of a marked reduction of consumption of food.

An understanding of the difficulty of giving the family what it is 'used to', without an inordinate increase of expenditure, a housewife has quoted the following figures for present purchases as compared with May 1914.

Compulsory restriction of the quantities purchasable might not, one suggests, be attractive in itself, or even popular, but it would at least help the housewife to make ends meet.





Price in 1914
Tea (1½lb)
3s 6d
2s 6d
Butter (2lb)
3s 2d
2s 4d
Bottled or tinned fruit (2 var)
2s 6d
1s 10d
Cocoa (1 tin)
1s 0d
0s 9½d
Cheese (1½lb)
1s 8½d
1s 4½d
Soap (7lb)
4s 2d
3s 8d
Soda (7lb)*
0s 6½d
0s 3d
Bundle wood (per doz bundles)*
1s 0d
0s 5-6d
Stove Polish (per tin)
0s 4d
0s 2½d
1s 2d
0s 9d
* There is considerable difficulty at times in obtaining supplies of such things as soda and bundle wood.
27 May 1916 - Fundraising for Gravesend VAD Hospital
Kent Messenger

VAD Hospital Yacht Club
The Commandant wishes to thank most sincerely the following for their generous gifts and subscriptions to the above hospital.  The Countess of Darnley, Mrs Dann, Mr Branon, Mrs Paterson, Mrs Smith, Mrs Tolhurst, Phyllis and Jack Wilson, Mrs J Davis, Standard V (Wrotham Road Girls' School), and staff of Henley's Engineering Works - pound day.  The Commandant again thanks all who contributed pound day offerings.  The appeal from the Hospital met with a most generous response in Gravesend and District.  To all in Hartley and Longfield special thanks are due for their enthusiasm and generosity.  The following is a list of the gifts received:- Tea 53 lb; rice 184¼ lb; sugars 258 lb; jam 84 lb; marmalade 26 lb; tapioca 44¾ lb; cornflower 14 lb; coffee 8¼ lb; cocoa 12¼ lb; Quaker Oats 38½ lb; bread 5½ lb; other groceries 233¾ lb; fruit and vegetables 179½ lb; household stores (soaps, soda etc) 136 lb; eggs 163.  Subrciptions in money £6 10s 2½d.

30 September 1916 - The Zeppelin's Fate -
Gravesend Reporter

Witnessed by thousands in Gravesend - The fiery ball in the sky - Demonstrations of joy and excitement

Three weeks ago last Sunday, thousands in Gravesend witnessed the fall to earth of the burning airship which has made the little Hertfordshire village of Cuffley famous the world over.    In the wee small hours of Sunday morning they had a nearer vision of the tragic fate with befell the super-Zeppelin, which dropped to its doom in a mangold wurzel field in the adjoining county of Essex,.  Contiguous as Kent is to Exxex, divorced only by the highway of empire, the people of this neighbourhood had a splendid view of the whole of this tragedy - brief in its duration, but swift in its accomplishment.  News that Zeppelins had crossed the coast was received at Gravesend and Northfleet shortly after 9 on Saturday night, and immediately all lights were extenguished.  People who were in the market were caught, as it were, in a trap, and they had to exticate themselves as best they could.  Trams which were running in the streets were left motionless on the track, and everybody sought the vicinity of their homes.  Reassuring news was spread later that the visitors were being driven off by aeroplanes, and many folk went off to bed.  Between 11 and 12 the guns of the Thames Defences began to bark, but they sounded a good distance away.  The many searchlights were going, thrusting their long shafts of white light through space into the serene, star lit sky, but nothing else would be discerned.  Just before 1 the guns sounded neare, and those who ventured into the streets, and they were nearly all those who were up, were rewarded with a sight of the marauder.  It was not a very big affair, as seen from Gravesend, but the searchlights played around it and held it as if in a pair of pincers.  IN appearance it was like a silver rod, not much larger than a foot, and  one gentleman who followed it from Rosherville with a pair of powerful glasses said he could distinctly see the gondola beneath the silvery envelope.  While it was floating in the bath of white light from the searchlights puffs of smoke from the shrapnel exploding round it rolled in eddies about it, and he is certain that one of the shots went home just to the fore amidships.  Teh vessel shook like a dog just emerging from the water, and then it emitted a black vapour and tried to make off.  At this moment the guns ceased firing and those who were following the course of events through field glasses aver that they distinctly saw an aeroplane.  An instant afterwards tehre was a red glowing disc suspended, as it were, from the sky, and the watercher saw it grow and grow, and glow and glow like a red hot coal.  It seemed to expand, as if some unseen Vulcan, were blowing a fiery bladder, and then it tilted upwards from the left.  It was at this moment the spectators realised what had happened.  "They've hit it" someone shouted at the top of his voice, and a mighty roar of approving cheers were sent up which must have reached for miles into Essex.  As the glowing object got into a perpendicular position, it expanded until it resumbled a hugh pear shaped ball, and the fames could be distincly seen roaring like a furnace.  Then the lower part fo the burning mass slowly dropped away, and in the distance ti looked like pieces of burning rope detaching itself and falling to the earth.  But those who viewed it with the aid of powerful glasses state that it was the gondola parting from the envelope.  These fragments fell slowly at first, and then shot down rapidly.  The main mass of the fiery ball took about 5 minutes to burn to its maximum and then it seemed to contract until at last it had the appearance almost of a glowing golden rod, suspended in mid-air.  Slowly it dropped and then with a sudden accession momentum fell to earth, like Lucifer, never to rise again.  The horizon obscured it, but werhe it fell a glow appear for a minute or two, and then died away, and all that remained to indicate the tragedy which had happened was the shafts of the searchlights, sweeping the starlit sky.   All this time people in the town had been frantically cheering and waving their hats and handkerchiefs, and the sirens from the craft on the river had kept up an unearthly pean of jubilation.l  Then there was a rush to the riverside in the belief that the burnign mass had fallen quite close, but the only sight rewarding the thousands who flocked there wre the lights of the craft blinking at their reflections in the turbid waters.  There was plenty of speculation as to the precise place in which the burning airship fell.  It was with feelings of satisfaction that Gravesend and Northfleet went home to bed between 2 and 3 - satisfaction at the fact that the Huns had been taught a second lesson which must have a great effect upon the morale of their Zeppelin crews, satisfaction that some reparation had been exacted for all the terrorising and frightfulness of these useless raids, satisfaction at the fact that Great Britain has at last awakened to the right mehod of dealing with these emissaries of the Kaiser, and satisfaction that the Germans have suffered a defeat within our own country.

28 October 1916 - Collection for Soldiers' Comforts
Kent Messenger
This is principally of interest because it shows the number of houses in Hartley had rapidly increased in a short time, following the acquisition of most of Hartley by Small Owners Limited.  At the 1911 Census there were 61 houses, but 5 years later there were 106.

£14 6s 9d from 92 houses.  In answer to an appeal made by Lord Harris for funds to provide comforts to Kentish soldiers at the fighting fronts and Kentish prisoners of war, it was resolved that a collection be made. The parish comprises only 106 houses, but of these 92 contributed and the sum of £14 6s 9d was the pleasing result.

2 December 1916 - Theft of Army Boots at Gravesend
East Kent Gazette

At the Kent Assizes on Tuesday, Edward William Swift, 38, and John William English, 37, both publicans, Lieutenant and Quartermaster George William Lander, 41, and Henry Jowett, 39, military motor driver were indicted for stealing 300 pairs of army boots, value £300, the property of the Secretary of State for War, at Gravesend, on June 16th, Lander pleaded guilty, and the other 3 prisoners not guilty.

According to the prosecution, the boots, which should have been sent to Pimlico, owing to the disbandment of a battalion, were taken from the stores at Gravesend, of which Lander was in charge, and subsequently found at English's house at Hartley, a village near Gravesend.  The boots were conveyed there in a military motor lorry driven by Jowett, and evidence was given showing that both English and Swift journeyed to Hartley in the lorry.  It was also proved that English the same day paid Swift a cheque for £100, and the prosecution suggested that this was part of the proceeds of the robbery.

Mr Justice Horridge, in sentencing English and Swift to 18 months' hard labour each, said no doubt they both had had a very substantial sum of money out of a wicked theft of goods belonging to the army at a time when the country was at war.  Lander, who had been more than 4 months in gaol, awaiting trial, also received 18 months, his lordship telling him that he was the worst offender.  In passing sentence of 9 months on Jowett, the judge said he had no doubt that to some extent, he was under the pressure of Lander, and there was consequently some excuse for him.

1917 - Dartford Rural Tribunal

13 May 1917 Kent Messenger
K H Glover, 18, ploughman and horseman, Hartley - appeal dismissed
H C Williamson, 41, artist lithographer, Longfield - allowed 6 months

9 June 1917 Kent Messsenger
Charles English, 27, The Stores, Hartley - exempted for 3 months
Ernest Hoadley, 18, ploughman, Longfield - exempted for 2 months
Stephen Simes, 19, labourer, Longfield - exempted for 2 months
Henry G Green, market gardener and boot repairer, [Hartley Cottage] Longfield - exempted 2 months
James E Pepper, poultry farm manager, [Hartley] Longfield - appeal dismissed KM - 30.6.1917 says he was given 1 month's exemption and was aged 35.

21 July 1917 Kent Messenger
E A Grant, Longfield, slaughterman - 3 months' [exemption]
W Macaulay, [Hartley] Longfield, poultry farmer - adjourned for medical examination
P Harris, 37, [Hartley] Longfield, poultry farmer and market grower - 6 months' [exemption]
A J Haselden, 32, Railway Tavern, Longifeld - 6 months' [exemption]

19 January 1917 - Charles English of the Black Lion
Dartford Chronicle
Charles's brother had recently been convicted of handling stolen goods, but it appears his innocent family also suffered at the hands of some of the locals.  The nominal fine in this case suggests the Magistrates thought Mr English was more sinned against than sinner.

Charles English of the Grocery Stores, Hartley was summonsed by Mr Robert William Emmett, solicitor, on behalf of Dennis Clements Edward Danby (14) his stepson, Mr G Clinch appeared for the defendant, who pleaded not guilty.  The youth stated that on January 2nd he was on his bicycle, in company with his nurse and a younger brother on the road leading from Dartford Heath to the defendant's grocery stores, which adjoined the Black Lion, when he observed English thrashing his horse with the butt end of his whip, in his opinion in an unmerciful manner.  The nurse shouted out to him that it was not the horse's fault, and he (complainant) afterwards called out to him, telling him that he was a "confounded wretch".  Defendant then caught hold of him by the collar, and pulled him off his bicycle, throwing him to the ground, when, he knelt upon him and dealt him two or three slight blows across the head, saying that if he said such a thing again he would take the law into his own hands and put his eyes out.  Witness afterwards went away on his bicycle.  Cross examined - he knew defendant's brother had got into trouble, and it was the common talk of the place.  Mr Clinch - "And the parishioners have been jeering at the family.  Have you done it yourself?"  Complainant - "Once or twice I have done it".  In further cross examination he denied using abusive language to the defendant, only that he was a "confounded wretch".  Mrs Ethel Bevan of Longfield, who was with her perambulator at the time, said she saw defendant thrashing his horse and the complainant knocked off his bicycle. Afterwards English said "They must not insult everybody".  Florence Hodge, nurse to the family stated that she saw defendant thrashing his horse.  She exclaimed "If you don't leave off, you awful man, I'll watch you".  Defendant complained that Master Dennis had insulted him, and said he would take the law into his own hands.  Witness remarked "You have already done so".  Defendant replied "Yes I have and I will".   Mr Clinch for the defence, said that his client's brother had got into trouble and was being punished, and that was part of the cause of people casting imputations about matters that had nothing to do with them. The horse which defendant used in his grocery van was a 'jibber' and troublesome, but he only chastised it with a small whip.  The complainant used strong language, insulted English, and jumped off his bicycle of his own accord, and defendant merely put his hands on his shoulder.  English gave evidence and produced a small whip which he said he had used on the horse.  The youth called him a _____ cruel beast and dirty fool and, having jumped off his bicycle, hesitated, expecting he would get a box of his ears, and then sat down on the ground, but he (defendant) merely placed his hand on his shoulder and remonstrated with him.  He denied knocking him down or kneeling upon him.  Richard Woodward, living in a cottage near the Black Lion, Hartley, said that when about 200 yards away he saw complainant get off his bicycle, and sit down in the road, afterwards riding away.  He knew the defendant's horse jibbed.  A young nephew of the defendant, who takes the horse out with the van, said the animal was a jibber, but h e only used the small whip produced.  Mr Emmett intimated that he could call his wife Lady Alexander Emmett, to throw some further light on the case, if the magistrates desired, but the chairman said they had heard sufficient. Having retired, the chairman observed there had been an assualt, and fined defendant 2s 6d.

23 June 1917 - The Thunderstorm: Curious Effects at Longfield
Kent Messenger

On Tuesday afternoon a violent thunderstorm vistited Longfield and the vicinity, leaving some traces of its visit.  Just about 3 o'clock a particularly heavy charge of the electric fluid seemed to burst upon the Rectory Meadow, cauing some alarm to the occupants of the Rectory, and then crosing the road, struck the chimney stack on the eastern side of "Closeburn" the residence of Mr J F Kirk, chruchwarden.  To those who saw it there appeared to be a ball of ire settling on the chimney top, a thunderbolt, as some described it, and some of the callers afterwards looked about for the "bolt".  This appearance was probably caused by the intense het produced by the shock striking the obstructing chimney pot, and burning the small amount of soot recently collected there, giving an appearance of fire and smoke.  A meteoric bolt might have a similar appearance, though due to a very different cause.  The force in its efforts to reach the earth seems to have travelled down the kitchen chimney, and burst open the kitchen range, hurling a saucepan across the room, but not finding conductive material, travelled back by the hot water pipes to the termination on the non-conducting tiles over the kitchen sink, where, being blocked again, it burnt through a wall the pantry, where it threw down and smashed 3 egg cups which stood in its way, doing no other damage there, and escaping by the iron fastening, through the window to an iron rain pipe, into an iron water tank, through an iron pail standing against it, and so to earth.  The structural damage appears to be not so great as might be expected from the severity of the shock, owing no doubt to the substantial building, and no serious personal injury was suffered by anyone, the two occupants both being in a room on the western side of the house, although slight shocks were felt by neighbours a furlong or more away.  The owner himself had just laid down the volume of Sir Walter Scott's which he was reading, and gone off into his afternoon doze, unconscious of the storm, from which he was awakened by the noise of the explosion and the crash of the falling bricks on tiles and the conservatory glass.  His first thought was 'bombs', and he threw himself face downwards on the floor beside the dining table, as being the most secure position, until the uproar ceased.  Great consternation and alarm were caused amongst the children in the school, about 50 yards away, and the teacher had to make great efforts to pacify them.  Many sympathetic neighbours made kind enquiries and offered assistance, which was gratefully acknowledged  A motor car which was passing along the road at the time had its roof damaged.

24 September 1917 - Sale at Fairby Farm
Dartford Chronicle

Mr Philip Champion has been instructed by The Rural Development Company Ltd, to sell by auction at the above address on Monday October 1, 1917 at 11.30am the live and dead farming stock comprising: 9 powerful cart horses, 2 cobs, 3 cows in full profit, 2 heifers, 4 yearlings, 2 calves, yearling bull, 144 Kent and Cross-bred ewes, 124 lambs, 2 southdown rams, Kent ram, 2 sows and pigs, pedigree middle white boar, the whole of the implements including: Horse rake, corn drill, ploughs, mower, self-binder, plain and ring rolls, potato balker and water cart.  4 Tip carts, trade cart, 2 box carts, dogcart, pony trap, 12 sets harness, hay elevator, sprayers, dairy utensils, cattle and pig troughs, sheep racks, 200 yards chestnut fencing, 70 sheep gates, sheep netting, potato boxes, strawberry tubs, market garden utensils, and miscellaneous effects....

2 November 1917 - Obituary of Charles Haygreen
Dartford Chronicle
Sadly, before the war was out Mr and Mrs Haygreen was to lose another son, Ernest, both are commemorated at Fawkham.

For their country - Corporal C Haygreen (pictured)
Mr and Mrs Haygreen of 7 Park Road, Dartford, are mourning the loss of their 4th son, Corporal Charles Haygreen, aged 28, who was serving with the RGA (Royal Garrison Artillery).  He joined up on November 23, 1914, had been in France since August 30, 1915, and was last home October 7, and had only just rejoined his regiment, being killed on October 10.

Before enlistment Corporal Haygreen was employed by Mr Humphries of Hartley, and was a scholar at Hartley Schools.

Mr and Mrs Haygreen have two other sons serving.

12 January 1918 - News from Longfield
Kent Messenger

A correspondent writes: The parishioners are feeling the pinch of food restriction, as they are not entitled to the full benefit of the food economy arrangements in force at Gravesend, where so many of them were accustomed to do their shopping, but it is hoped they may soon benefit by arrangements to be made by their own district and parish committee.

At the Churches
Last Sunday there wre unusually large ongregations at the church intercession service in response to the King's appeal, and the offertories to the Red Cross Fund were large and generous.  Services were held at the Mission at Longfield Hill, conducted by Mr Thurnell. The services there have been very infrequent for some time past, as the railway arrangements have made it very inconvenient for preachers to get here, but it is hoped that the services may be held more often in the future.  The choir Christmas Tree was held on Wednesday at the house of Mr Cromer (?Cromar), and was greatly enjoyed and appreciated by the youthful choristers.

For War Funds
Two successful entertainments given by Mr and Mrs Fielder and their friends, in the Village Club Room, realised £11 1s 4½d on behalf of the Local Wounded Sailors' and Soldiers' Fund and the Kentish Prisoners of War in Germany.  The room on each evening was well filled, and it must be gratifying to the promoters to see teir efforts on behalf of such a good cause so well supported.  The programme was a lengthy one.  Each item was very efficiently rendered and gained well merited appluase from an appreciative audience.  Although it would be invidious to specially refer to any individual artiste, mention may be made of Miss Jessie Moon, who gave great assistance as pianist.  The programme consisted of mandolin duiet by Mrs Trevillian and friends; pianoforte solo Miss Ridgers; songs by the Misses Goodwin and Wells, Mr Fielder and Gunner Ball; children's sketch "The Green Dwarf", the Misses Leigh, Fielder, Caller, Longhurst and Robinson and Masters Longhurst, Caller, Richard Fielder, Simes and Foster; sketch "Doing our Bit", Mesdames Fielder and Allen, and the Misses Grenby, Peacock and Grant; sketch "The Railway Waiting Room", Mrs Fielder, the Misses Grant, Peacock, Harris and Morris, and Messrs T and R E Fielder.

7 September 1918 - Fruit wanted for the Jam Factory
Kent Messenger

Plums, apples, damsons, marrows, rhubarb and blackberries - Allen's Confectionery Co Ltd, Fairby Farm, Hartley, Longfield, Kent are buyers of same in large or small quantities, delivered at Fawkham Station, or at their jam factory at the above address.

6 October 1917 - Air Raid Week Records - notes from a Gravesender's Diary - Pepys up to date
Gravesend Reporter 6.10.1917 (Refers to 23 - 30 September 1917)

Sunday (23rd Sept)
New moon a subject of conversation.  A year ago we blessed the coming of a new moon, now we curse it.  Funny how human nature veers round.  Everyone prophesing a week of horror during coming week.  Makes one wish one was in Timbuctoo or some other place of safety.  Sister-in-law, who is a brave soul, chides me for being afraid.  She only has a husband and he doesn't count.  I have a wife and a family.  She has a cellar; I have none.  Her husband, under her influence, keeps telling me to "buck up" (I know all the while he is trembling at the knees).  Sister-in-law very comforting, she evidently believes in doctrine of predestination.  "If you've got to be killed, you will be killed" she says decisively.  Her husband changes the subject and talks about luck.  Fine subject that. I have always been unlucky, so shan't wonder if I keep up my record during the week.  To bed early.  Whle undressing draw aside blinds and peer down the road every two minutes to see if the lights are in.  Don't want fag of bustling into clothes again as soon I've got them off.  Nasty way of gettin gthem on wrong way.  Very tired.  Soon dropped asleep.  Dreamt of babies - most unlucky.  Wonder what will happen?

Monday (24th Sept)
Beautiful day; fine prelude to a fine night.  Luck on the side of the Huns.  "We're in for it this week" is the speculation of the earliest friend I meet.  He means of course, the universal topic.  "Moon all in their favour" he adds, and I'm not in the least on the point.  Go about my work, trying not to think of what may be in store.  Comforting reflection - I have made my will.  Precious little to leave.  Government takes everything.  Look up Old Moore to see what time moon rises - note 2.28.  It will be well up in the heavens about 8 o'clock.  Shan't worry.  Decide to go to the Palace Theatre to see "The Rosary".  Rather rash, but one must be bold sometimes.  All serene at 6.30; go to the Palace.  Enjoy the performance and forget all bout air raid, Huns, etc., listening to the wisdom of Father Brian Kelly.  Performance over about 9.  Emerging into the street find all lamps out.  Raid week has begun.  Not a word has been said to the audience or even a whisper went round taht an air raid was on.  Very good of the management.  Hurry home.  On the way home hear the guns booming.  Met friend who had been to teh Cinema.  Thee, he tell me, notice was displayed that all lights had gone out, and later on that guns had started.  He decided that was no place for him, so quickly left and padded the hoof for home.  We do ditto together.  Arrived home to the humming of aeroplanes.  Everybody in their burrows like rabbits.  Sociable people.  We seek ours.  Turn off gas as precaution and open doors; take up stand in middle of hall, close to party wall and wait results.  Fine view through open doors of Verey Lights, a real Brock's benefit.  Guns are ripping it pretty well.  Curious sinking feeling at pit of chest.  Knees not very stable, and my voice shakes when speaking.  However, for sake of wife and family must be brave.  Encourage them with jokes at Hun's expense.  No retribution from them at present.  What's whistling noise - the shrapnel or the shells make.  Wonder if it is anything like this at the front.  Glad I'm not there, and taht age is the bar.  Not much better living here.  Wonder how my sister in law is faring, and what her subservient husband is doing.  Exultantly express pious hope he is supporting her in a dead faint.  There's a big explosion; must be a bomb dropped.  Second thought - doubt whether it was.  Probably only a gun speaking above a whisper.   Guns getting fainter.  Drone of aeroplanes cease.  Probably they have gone.  Disquieting reflection - will they return.  Venture to the front door.  Verey lights long distance away, gone very faint.  Ah, London must be catching it.  Sorry for London.  Congratulate my locality - which has passed unscathed.  Mustn't crow too loudly.  Must adopt Asquithian pose, and wait and see.  Walk boldly into the open.  Discuss raids and war with neighbours.  Don't think peace is anywhere near.  Touch on note of the drone of aeroplanes.  Wonder if our experts know the difference between note of our engines and those of Taubes, Albatrosses and Gothas.  Suggest they may have sort of microphone to ascertain distance of craft, as they do in connexion with submarines.  Discuss the point, left as you were.  All quiet.  Wonder whether lights will soon go on.  Very tired.  Strain is rather exhausting.  Will have supper and go to bed and chance it.  Have supper, ascend to dormitory.  Ah! What a relief.  Lights are on.   Go to bed and soon in the arms of Morpheus.  Dream tonight about a wedding in which I [....] to as best man in curious church.  Bride queerly dressed with a brown motor cap instead of bridal wreath and veil.  Ridiculous.  This probably effect of raid.  Shall be glad when we have done with such things.  

Tuesday (25th Sept)
Eagerly get paper as soon as it arrives and read it in bed.  Ah, here is the official communique.  Will get it on record.  "Hostile aeroplanes attached the south-east coast of England this evening. The raiders came in at different places in Kent and Essex, and a few of them follwed the River Thames and attacked London.  Bombs were dropped at several points, and so far the casualties reported ammount to six killed and about 20 injured."  Followed the River Thames.  No wonder we heard them so plainly   Of course they will come again.  Shan't worry.  Feel that I'm getteing used to this sort of thing.  Reflection - wouldn't it make the Huns mad if they only knew how quickly fear of the frightfulness vanishes.  Ought to go to a meeting tonight, but decide that raid shall settle whether I go or not.  After tea work in the garden for an hour...........

29 October 1918 - Sale of Potatoes at Wellfield
South Eastern Gazette
The uncultivated land at the Payne and Trapps estate in the Wellfield area was requisitioned by the War Agriculture Committee.

Hartley, Kent
Mr Philip Champion has received instructions from the Kent War Agricultural Committee to sell by auction on the ground at Payne Trapps Building Estate, Hartley, on Wedneday 30th October 1918, at 10 o'clock am precisely, the crop of growing potatoes, as follows:

Lot 1 - about 2 acres President (grown from Scotch seed)
Lot 2 - about 1 acre Lochar (seed one year from Scotland)
Lot 3 - about 3½ acres King Edward VII (ditto)
Lot 4 - about 4 acres Arran Chief (Scotch seed)

The above lots will be sold with the pemission of the Ministry of Food, subject to the Forward Contract No 2,659, dated 10th May 1918.  Under the above contract all the Ware potatoes dressed over 1 5/8 in riddle will be taken by the Ministry at a minimum price of £6 per ton or at the controlled price whichever is the higher.

Lot 5 - about 1½ acres King George and King Edward VII, not subject to the above regulations....

29 March 1919 - Ash: Land Army Concert
Kent Messenger

A Women's Land Army concert was recently given in Ash Parish Room.  A party of Land Army girls, under the supervision of Miss Berkeley, Welfare Officer, took part.  The Ash School children and the thresher gang working in Ash gave a miniature operetta entitled 'Morning, Noon and Night.'  The Hon Mrs Wild kindly took the part of 'Night', and helped greatly the success of the entertainment.  The room was filled to its utmost capacity every, seat and every available niche being taken.  The proceeds, £10 8s 5d, went to Miss Berkeley's Welfare Fund.  In addition to the operetta, songs, duets and trios were sung by Miss Berkeley, E Wardle, L Pinfield; recitations by M Hamilton and W Johnson, dances by the Hon Mrs Wild and E Quail, and Land Army rhymes by the Junior School.

12 May 1919 - Relief funds for Conscientious Objectors
Daily Herald
Many conscientious objectors were sent to prison, and when they were released they were in very poor state, due to the conditions they were kept in.  Dr Salter made Fairby Grange available to them to recuperate. This charity sent money, books etc to the men there.

Dartmoor Settlement for COs.
Final statemetn regarding disposal of cash and property belonging to men in the above settlement at 19th April 1919.

Sent to Fund for the Relief of Dependents of COs.
March 31st - From Canteen Funds (£50)
April 19th - Balance of cash from Canteen (£118 1s 10d)
April 19th - Balance of cash from general funds (£8 5s 3d)
Total £176 7s 1d

Sent to Fairby Grange Convalescent Home
Cash (Donations and Social Com.)(£6)
Surplus stock in canteen value (£29)
All settlers' library, books, magazines sent to Fairby Grange.

All books were duly audited and found to be correct by Samuel Broomfield, of Broomfield and Co, accountants and auditors, Newport.  Balance sheets and books have been deposited with NCF at 5 York Buildings, Adelphi, London, where they may be seen for inspection.  Copy of the final balance sheet may be seen on application to undersigned, the secretary of men's committee in session, at close of settlement.  G B Eddie, 88 Canning Street, Glasgow.

26 June 1919 C.O.s v. Discharged and Wounded Soldiers
The Tribunal

The cricket field at Fairby Grange was last week the scene of an interesting and ultimately exciting game between the local Hartley team composed of discharged and wounded soldiers and the Home team made up of Conscientious Objectors, who are temporarily recupera­ting at Fairby from the effects of terms of imprisonment. A keen finish ended in a draw: Fairby 65 (Webb, 17; Humphrey 7 for 24); Hartley 57 for 8 (Humphrey, 19; Scott 4 for 6).

3 December 1919 - Bankruptcy of George Harold Humphries
G H Humphries was a key figure in the development of Hartley, as the managing director of Small Owners Limited.  Later he went into the aircraft industry, but said his financial troubles were down to the end of the war.

George Harold Humphrey, director of public companies, 23 Hangar Lane, Ealing, and late of 4 Ellison Place, Newcastle on Tyne.

The first meeting of creditors under a receiving order made against this debtor on his own petition was held on November 27th at the London Bankruptcy Court.

Mr F T Garton, Official Receiver, who presided, said that a statement of the debtor's affairs had been lodged showing gross liabilities £8,500, unsecured £17,770 and contingent debts £58,500, which were not expected to rank for dividend. The assets were valued a £10,065.  The debtor had stated that in August 1914, he and another person formed the Rural Developments Co Ltd, of which he was appointed managing director.  The comapny was successful until November 1915, but two years later went into voluntary liuidation.  In June 1914, a company in which he had been interested having given up certain works near Fawkham, Kent, he registered the Fairby Construction Co Ltd, to work in conjunction with the Rural Development Co in building cottages on the Fairby Farm Estate.  He was appointed managing director and acted in that capacity until 1917 when he became an ordinary director.  In January 1917, at the suggestion of a representative of Armstrong Whitworth and Co who promised him contracts, he took the Victoria Works, Newcastle on Tyne, and formed John Dawson and Co (Newcastle on Tyne) Ltd, to take over his interest and manufacture aircraft wings.  The nominal capital of the company was £10,000.  The debtor became managing director and took up the issued capital of £2,100, but later he transferred some of his shared to other persons who became directors. The company was financed by payments made on account of contracts with Armstrong Whitworth and Co until December 1917, but afterwards the company made contracts direct with the government, who paid week by week  The company was very successful until the Armistice, when notice was given terminating the contracts, and differences arose between the company and the Government as to the amount due to the company.  Pending the settlement of these differences the debtor endeavoured to sell his interest in another company (Allan Jones and Co (1918) Ltd) to George Clare and Co Ltd, and out of the money so raised he paid the accounts and financed John Dawson and Co.  On June 4th last the Government settled the claim for £30,000, which was less than the amount expected. The debtor then endeavoured to amalgamate the company with Allan Jones and Co (1918) Ltd, a company of which he was governing director, which carred out contracts for aircraft parts.  In anticipation he guaranteed debts of John Dawson and Co to the amount of £15,000.  Eventually the amalgamation fell through and John Dawson and Co went into liquidation. The debtor was pressed on his guarantees and decided to file his petition.  He attributed his insolvency to the failure of the company, of which he claimed to be a creditor for £10,000.

The creditors appointed Mr Oliver Sunderland, accountant, as trustee of the debtor's estate.  A committee of inspection was also nominated.

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